Sambandha, Saṃbandha, Sambamdha: 23 definitions


Sambandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध) refers to one of the four criteria every Tantric or Yogic text must include.—Sambandha the connection between the title (abhidhāna) and the subject matter.

context information

Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—Lit.connection in general;cf. धातुसंबन्धे प्रत्ययाः (dhātusaṃbandhe pratyayāḥ) P.III. 4.I. The word is explained by the general term विशेषणविशेष्यभाव (viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyabhāva); cf. संबन्धो विशेषणविशेष्य-भावः (saṃbandho viśeṣaṇaviśeṣya-bhāvaḥ) Kas. on P.III.4.1 ;

2) Saṃbandha.—Context, cf. संबन्धादतद् गन्तव्यं यं प्रति यदप्रधानं तं प्रति तदुपसर्जनं भवति (saṃbandhādatad gantavyaṃ yaṃ prati yadapradhānaṃ taṃ prati tadupasarjanaṃ bhavati) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.43. Vart. 5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध, “relationship”).—Śaiva school of philosophy holds two principles pertaining to origin and relationship (sambandha) of Āgamas and how it reached the man kind. They are Mahaughakramalakṣaṇa-sambandha and Pratisaṃhitāgurulakṣaṇa-sambandha in both the aspects Sadāśiva is the revealer of the Āgamas. The above mentioned principles are elaborately explained by Anantaśambhu in his commentary on Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध) refers to “connecting”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.17cd-18]—“The Mantrin who has achieved the highest practice through the internal recitation of the mantra, is manifestly Śiva himself, the holder of power. This is [how everything that appears] separate (vyavahita), connects (saṃbandha)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध, “relation”) has the main role in the process of the generation of knowledge.—The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas being realist uphold the separate existences of all things which are knowable and nameable. Hence, the concept of relation (sambandha) is of utmost importance to maintain the relation between the substrates (dharmī) and properties (dharma) which are entirety different entities. Of the seven categories (padārtha) accepted by the Vaiśeṣikas the sixth category i.e., samavāya is a relation. Some of the qualities are also relational viz., conjunction, disjunction, number and separateness. Later on the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas developed the notion that anything can function as a relation by combining itself to another thing. “In Navya-Nyāyafurther useful technical terminology was developed to handle relations, as their awareness of the importance of relations for their system increased”.

In the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system, all relations (sambandha) are external. The Naiyāyikas have used tādātmya, as a relation, but as an external relation. Naiyāyikas opine that, it cannot be gained from the nature of a thing. It is seen that a dharma is complete different from a dharmin, an avayavin (a composite whole) is complete separate from its avayavas (component parts), jāti is totally distinct from vyakti. In all these cases, there must be some relation to account for their existence in the same locus.

Broadly relation (sambandha) can be divided into two types, viz.,–

  1. vṛttiniyāmaka (occurrence-exacting),
  2. vṛttyaniyāmaka (non-occurrence-exacting).

Those relations which have roughly the notion that something occurs in something else is called Vṛttiniyāmaka relation. Vṛttiniyāmaka is also of three kinds–(i) saṃyoga (conjunction), (ii) samavāya (inherence) and (iii) viśeṣaṇatā (attributive). Viśeṣaṇatā is again subdivided into abhāviya-viśeṣaṇatā or relation pertaining to the non-existence and kālika-viśeṣaṇatā or relation of temporal qualification.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध) refers to an “alliance”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, the Seven Sages said to Himavat (Himācala): “O lord of the mountains, may our words, the cause of everything auspicious, be heard. Give Pārvatī to Śiva. Become the father-in-law of the world-destroyer. For the destruction of Tāraka, formerly Brahmā requested Śiva who is the lord of all and who does not beg of any one, to strive for this alliance (sambandha-karman). [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Sambandha (सम्बन्ध) or Susambandha refers to the “connected feelings” (with one’s region and caste), according to the Sarvajñānottara verse 20.34-39.—Accordingly, while discussing the culmination of detachment (for the process of attaining the no-mind state): “Having abandoned those feelings connected with (su-sambandha) his region, caste, his caste-class and religious disciplines, the wise should meditate on his own [inner] state. Abandoning all such feelings as ‘this is [my] mantra’, ‘this is [my] deity’, ‘this is [my] meditation’ [or] ‘this is [my] austerity’, he should meditate on his own [inner] state. [...]”.

2) Sambandha (सम्बन्ध) refers to the “connection” (between body and space) according to the Bhāṣya (commentary) on the Pātañjalayogaśāstra Sūtra 3.42.—Accordingly, “... [The yogin] who has mastered the connection (jita-sambandha) [between body and space] becomes light. Because he is light, he can walk on water. Then, having walked on merely a spider’s thread, he walks on a ray of light. Then, he moves in the ether as he wishes”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध) refers to the “connection (between the words)”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The venerable one called Ciñciṇīśa is that Śambhu by nature and is born from his own body as a subtle exertion. And what else is there? He should be worshipped along with the Kukārā Vidyā. This is the connection (between the words) (saṃbandha) with what was said before [iti pūrvoktena saṃbandhaḥ]. [...]”..

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Saṃbandha (संबन्ध) refers to the “connections” (arising from the ocean of life), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “All the connections (saṃbandhasarve saṃbandhā) arising from the ocean of life are the abode of bad luck for human beings [and] thus, in the end, [the connections] are exceedingly tasteless”.

2) Saṃbandha (संबन्ध) refers to the “bondage (of life)”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “When I, for whom confusion has gone, am the one who has attained solitariness, then certainly the bondage of life (janman-saṃbandha) is destroyed merely of its own accord”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sambandha : (m.) connection.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sambandha, (saṃ+bandha) connection, tie D. II, 296=M. I, 58; SnA 108, 166, 249, 273, 343, 516. °-kula related family J. III, 362; a-sambandha (adj.) incompatible (C. on asaññuta J. III, 266). (Page 693)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sambandha (संबंध).—m (S) Connection or relation generally. See trividhasambandha. 2 The ghost or spirit of a deceased Brahman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sambandha (संबंध).—m Connection, relation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—a. Able, capable.

2) Fit, proper, right.

-ndhaḥ 1 Connection, union, association.

2) Relation, relationship.

3) Relation, as the meaning of the genitive case.

4) Matrimonial alliance; विक्रियायै न कल्पन्ते संबन्धाः सदनुष्ठिताः (vikriyāyai na kalpante saṃbandhāḥ sadanuṣṭhitāḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.29,3; जनकानां रघूणां च संबन्धः कस्य न प्रियः (janakānāṃ raghūṇāṃ ca saṃbandhaḥ kasya na priyaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1.17.

5) Friendly connection, friendship; संबन्धमाभाषणपूर्वमाहुः (saṃbandhamābhāṣaṇapūrvamāhuḥ) R.2.58.

6) Fitness, propriety.

7) Prosperity, success.

8) A relation, kinsman.

9) A collection, volume, book.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध).—mfn.

(-ndhaḥ-ndhā-ndhaṃ) 1. Able, capable. 2. Fit, right, proper. 3. Adjunct, annexed or connected, inherent, &c. m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. Prosperity, success. 2. Fitness, propriety. 3. Connection, natural or essential connection, as of a property with a substance, subject matter with a work, proper meaning with a word, &c. 4. Connection by birth or marriage, relationship. 5. The application of authority, as of the Upanishads to prove a theological assertion, &c. 6. Mental association of objects, conceiving them in connection with each other. 7. (In grammar,) The possessive case. E. sam with, and bandha a binding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—i. e. sam-bandh + a, 1. Connexion, union, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 157; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 27, 15 (mad-, with me); [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 9 (of intimately united subjects, cf. 204, 1; 212, 19; 21). 2. Relationship, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 106; relation, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 157, M.M. (asyedam iti sambandho hānau duḥkhena gamyate, The proprietary connection between them is ascertained only by his grief in losing it). 3. Fitness, propriety. 4. Success, prosperity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—[masculine] collection; connection, relationship or fellowship of any kind ([instrumental] ±saha, [locative], or —°); also concr. a relation, friend, comrade, ally, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sambandha (सम्बन्ध):—[=sam-bandha] [from sam-bandh] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) binding or joining together, close connection or union or association, conjunction, inherence, connection with or relation to ([instrumental case] with or without saha, or [compound]; in [philosophy] relation or connexion is said to be of three kinds, viz. samavāya, saṃyoga, and sva-rūpa q.v.), [???; Śaṃkarācārya; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]; personal connection (by marriage), relationship, fellowship, friendship, intimacy with ([instrumental case] with and without saha [locative case], or [compound]), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a relation, relative, kinsman, fellow, friend, ally, [Āpastamba; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a collection, volume, book, [Śukasaptati]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of calamity, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] prosperity, success, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] fitness, propriety, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the application of authority to prove a theological doctrine, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [v.s. ...] mfn. able, capable, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] fit, right, proper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) often [wrong reading] for sam-baddha (q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध):—(ndhaṃ) 1. m. Connexion, relation; mental association; quoting a textual proof; suitableness; fitness; success; possessive case. a. Connected; fit, able; inherent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃbaṃdha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sambandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃbaṃdha (संबंध) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃbandh.

2) Saṃbaṃdha (संबंध) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃbandha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambandha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃbaṃdha (ಸಂಬಂಧ):—

1) [noun] the act of joining together.

2) [noun] the fact of having dealings, intercourse, with; association.

3) [noun] the fact of being joined, united together; union.

4) [noun] a harmonic, agreeable, pleasant relation.

5) [noun] connection of persons by blood, marriage, etc.; kinship; relation.

6) [noun] the relation that exists between two friends; friendship.

7) [noun] a man as related to another by blood, marriage, etc.

8) [noun] a friend.

9) [noun] the quality of being fit, appropriate, suitable for something; eligibility.

10) [noun] (gram.) the sense of the possessive case.

11) [noun] a reason, motive or cause.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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