Sambandha, aka: Saṃbandha; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sambandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[Sambandha in Mimamsa glossaries]

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध) refers to one of the four criteria every Tantric or Yogic text must include.—Sambandha the connection between the title (abhidhāna) and the subject matter.

(Source): Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Sambandha in Vyakarana glossaries]

1) Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—Lit.connection in general;cf. धातुसंबन्धे प्रत्ययाः (dhātusaṃbandhe pratyayāḥ) P.III. 4.I. The word is explained by the general term विशेषणविशेष्यभाव (viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyabhāva); cf. संबन्धो विशेषणविशेष्य-भावः (saṃbandho viśeṣaṇaviśeṣya-bhāvaḥ) Kas. on P.III.4.1 ;

2) Saṃbandha.—Context, cf. संबन्धादतद् गन्तव्यं यं प्रति यदप्रधानं तं प्रति तदुपसर्जनं भवति (saṃbandhādatad gantavyaṃ yaṃ prati yadapradhānaṃ taṃ prati tadupasarjanaṃ bhavati) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.43. Vart. 5.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Sambandha in Shaivism glossaries]

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध, “relationship”).—Śaiva school of philosophy holds two principles pertaining to origin and relationship (sambandha) of Āgamas and how it reached the man kind. They are Mahaughakramalakṣaṇa-sambandha and Pratisaṃhitāgurulakṣaṇa-sambandha in both the aspects Sadāśiva is the revealer of the Āgamas. The above mentioned principles are elaborately explained by Anantaśambhu in his commentary on Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[Sambandha in Nyaya glossaries]

Sambandha (सम्बन्ध, “relation”) has the main role in the process of the generation of knowledge.—The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas being realist uphold the separate existences of all things which are knowable and nameable. Hence, the concept of relation (sambandha) is of utmost importance to maintain the relation between the substrates (dharmī) and properties (dharma) which are entirety different entities. Of the seven categories (padārtha) accepted by the Vaiśeṣikas the sixth category i.e., samavāya is a relation. Some of the qualities are also relational viz., conjunction, disjunction, number and separateness. Later on the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas developed the notion that anything can function as a relation by combining itself to another thing. “In Navya-Nyāyafurther useful technical terminology was developed to handle relations, as their awareness of the importance of relations for their system increased”.

In the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system, all relations (sambandha) are external. The Naiyāyikas have used tādātmya, as a relation, but as an external relation. Naiyāyikas opine that, it cannot be gained from the nature of a thing. It is seen that a dharma is complete different from a dharmin, an avayavin (a composite whole) is complete separate from its avayavas (component parts), jāti is totally distinct from vyakti. In all these cases, there must be some relation to account for their existence in the same locus.

Broadly relation (sambandha) can be divided into two types, viz.,–

  1. vṛttiniyāmaka (occurrence-exacting),
  2. vṛttyaniyāmaka (non-occurrence-exacting).

Those relations which have roughly the notion that something occurs in something else is called Vṛttiniyāmaka relation. Vṛttiniyāmaka is also of three kinds–(i) saṃyoga (conjunction), (ii) samavāya (inherence) and (iii) viśeṣaṇatā (attributive). Viśeṣaṇatā is again subdivided into abhāviya-viśeṣaṇatā or relation pertaining to the non-existence and kālika-viśeṣaṇatā or relation of temporal qualification.

(Source): Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sambandha in Pali glossaries]

sambandha : (m.) connection.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sambandha, (saṃ+bandha) connection, tie D. II, 296=M. I, 58; SnA 108, 166, 249, 273, 343, 516. °-kula related family J. III, 362; a-sambandha (adj.) incompatible (C. on asaññuta J. III, 266). (Page 693)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Sambandha in Marathi glossaries]

sambandha (संबंध).—m (S) Connection or relation generally. See trividhasambandha. 2 The ghost or spirit of a deceased Brahman.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sambandha (संबंध).—m Connection, relation.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sambandha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Saṃbandha (संबन्ध).—a. Able, capable.

2) Fit, proper, right.

-ndhaḥ 1 Connection, union, association.

2) Relation, relationship.

3) Relation, as the meaning of the genitive case.

4) Matrimonial alliance; विक्रियायै न कल्पन्ते संबन्धाः सदनुष्ठिताः (vikriyāyai na kalpante saṃbandhāḥ sadanuṣṭhitāḥ) Ku.6.29,3; जनकानां रघूणां च संबन्धः कस्य न प्रियः (janakānāṃ raghūṇāṃ ca saṃbandhaḥ kasya na priyaḥ) U.1.17.

5) Friendly connection, friendship; संबन्धमाभाषणपूर्वमाहुः (saṃbandhamābhāṣaṇapūrvamāhuḥ) R.2.58.

6) Fitness, propriety.

7) Prosperity, success.

8) A relation, kinsman.

9) A collection, volume, book.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 132 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sharirasambandha
Śarīrasaṃbandha (शरीरसंबन्ध).—relation by marriage. Derivable forms: śarīrasaṃbandhaḥ (शरीरसंबन...
Paramparasambandha
Paraṃparasambandha (परंपरसम्बन्ध).—an indirect conjunction; cf. P.VIII.1.24 com. Derivable form...
Yaunasambandha
Yaunasaṃbandha (यौनसंबन्ध).—relationship by marriage, affinity.Derivable forms: yaunasaṃbandhaḥ...
Dvitiyasambandha
dvitīya-sambandha (द्वितीय-संबंध).—m The second marriage of a male.
Yonisambandha
Yonisambandha (योनिसम्बन्ध).—relation by marriage, connection.Derivable forms: yonisambandhaḥ (...
Samavayasambandha
Samavāyasaṃbandha (समवायसंबन्ध).—intimate and inseparable relation.Derivable forms: samavāyasaṃ...
Pindasambandha
Piṇḍasaṃbandha (पिण्डसंबन्ध).—relationship between a living person and one deceased such as is ...
Badarayanasambandha
Bādarāyaṇasaṃbandha (बादरायणसंबन्ध).—(a modern formation) an imaginary or far-fetched relation;...
Sambandhatishayokti
Sambandhātiśayokti (सम्बन्धातिशयोक्ति) refers to one of the varieties of Atiśayokti: one o...
Kala
Kāla (काल, “time”) refers to one of the nine substances (dravya) according to the Nyāya-Vaiśeṣi...
Shiva
Śivā (शिवा) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indic...
Dharma
Dharma (धर्म, “merit”) and Adharma (demerit) refers to two of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities)...
Bhava
Bhāva (भाव) refers to “feelings expressed in forms” and represents one of the six limbs (ṣaḍaṅg...
Bhima
Bhīma (भीम) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ment...
Ananta
Anantā (अनन्ता) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth...

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