Haraka, Hāraka: 12 definitions


Haraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hāraka (हारक) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hāraka.—cf. ‘one hāraka of barley corn’ (cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, p. 30, text line 2); possibly bhāraka, a load or measure. Note: hāraka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hāraka : (adj.) carrying; removing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hāraka, (adj.) (fr. hāra) carrying, taking, getting; removing (f. hārikā) M.I, 385; J.I, 134, 479; Pv.II, 91 (dhana°); SnA 259 (maṃsa°).—mala° an instrument for removing ear-wax Ap 303; cp. haraṇī. sattha° a dagger carrier, assassin Vin.III, 73; S.IV, 62. See also vallī. (Page 731)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haraka (हरक).—a S That takes away or seizes. 2 Used as s m A thief, rogue, robber, plunderer.

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hāraka (हारक).—a (S) That takes away or from; that seizes, ravishes, robs; that bears off or removes generally; as pittahāraka, kaphahāraka, vātahāraka, śōka- hāraka, kalyāṇahāraka. See others under hārī. 2 In arithmetic. Divisor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haraka (हरक).—a That takes away. m A thief.

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hāraka (हारक).—a That takes away or from, that ravishes, robs.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haraka (हरक).—

1) A stealer, thief.

2) A rogue.

3) A divisor.

4) Name of Śiva.

5) A long flexible sword.

Derivable forms: harakaḥ (हरकः).

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Hāraka (हारक).—[hṛ-ṇvul]

1) A thief, plunderer; लवणहारकः (lavaṇahārakaḥ) Y.3.215.

2) A cheat, rogue.

3) A string of pearls.

4) A divisor (in math.)

5) A kind of prose composition.

5) A gambler.

7) A kind of science.

Derivable forms: hārakaḥ (हारकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hāraka (हारक).—m., (1) porter, carrier (in Sanskrit recorded only ifc., and so usually [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]): asati hārake (v.l. hartari) [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 497.12, when no porter is available; in same meaning bhāra-hāraka, (load-)carrier, Śikṣāsamuccaya 180.18; see kāṣṭha- hāraka; dhana-hārakaḥ, to get wealth, Divyāvadāna 5.12, see s.v. ṛṇadhara, also ojo-hāraka; acc. adv., as ger. (§ 35.5), śāli-hārakaṃ gatasya Mahāvastu i.343.4, gone rice-gathering; (2) in Śikṣāsamuccaya 330.15 (verse) seems to denote a kind of enter- tainer: utkuṭa-śobhika-hāraka-nṛtyā māyakarāḥ…Per- haps corrupt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraka (हरक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A rogue, a cheat. 2. A person of reflection. 3. A taker, a conveyer, a seizer. 4. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor; also division. 5. Siva. E. hṛ to take, vun aff.

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Hāraka (हारक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A theif. 2. A rogue. 3. Science. 4. A gambler. 5. A tree, (Trophis aspera.) 6. A plunderer, a ravisher, one who carries off any thing. 7. A kind of prose composition. 8. A string of pearls. 9. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor. E. hṛ to take, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāraka (हारक).—[feminine] rikā = [preceding] (adj. —°); [masculine] thief, robber, also = seq.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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