Haraka, Hāraka: 19 definitions


Haraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hāraka (हारक) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hāraka (हारक) refers to “that which destroys”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O great Brahmin, the misty haloes around the sun and the moon in the grip of Rāhu became the harbingers of great fear and unhappiness [i.e., sukha-hāraka]. At that time terrifying sounds that resembled those of the chariot issued forth from cracks and crevices in the mountains. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hāraka.—cf. ‘one hāraka of barley corn’ (cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, p. 30, text line 2); possibly bhāraka, a load or measure. Note: hāraka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Haraka in India is the name of a plant defined with Paspalum scrobiculatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Paspalum orbiculare Forst.f. (among others).

2) Haraka in Madagascar is also identified with Albizia boivinii It has the synonym Pithecolobium pervilleanum Benth. (etc.).

3) Haraka is also identified with Dupuya haraka It has the synonym Lasiodiscus pervillei Baill., Rhamnaceae (etc.).

4) Haraka is also identified with Xylia hoffmannii It has the synonym Parkia perrieri (Drake) Palacky (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Caroliniana, secundum … (1788)
· Cytologia (1987)
· Adansonia (1970)
· Species Plantarum. Editio quarta (1797)
· Darwiniana (1924)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1985)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Haraka, for example pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hāraka : (adj.) carrying; removing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hāraka, (adj.) (fr. hāra) carrying, taking, getting; removing (f. hārikā) M.I, 385; J.I, 134, 479; Pv.II, 91 (dhana°); SnA 259 (maṃsa°).—mala° an instrument for removing ear-wax Ap 303; cp. haraṇī. sattha° a dagger carrier, assassin Vin.III, 73; S.IV, 62. See also vallī. (Page 731)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haraka (हरक).—a S That takes away or seizes. 2 Used as s m A thief, rogue, robber, plunderer.

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hāraka (हारक).—a (S) That takes away or from; that seizes, ravishes, robs; that bears off or removes generally; as pittahāraka, kaphahāraka, vātahāraka, śōka- hāraka, kalyāṇahāraka. See others under hārī. 2 In arithmetic. Divisor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haraka (हरक).—a That takes away. m A thief.

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hāraka (हारक).—a That takes away or from, that ravishes, robs.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haraka (हरक).—

1) A stealer, thief.

2) A rogue.

3) A divisor.

4) Name of Śiva.

5) A long flexible sword.

Derivable forms: harakaḥ (हरकः).

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Hāraka (हारक).—[hṛ-ṇvul]

1) A thief, plunderer; लवणहारकः (lavaṇahārakaḥ) Y.3.215.

2) A cheat, rogue.

3) A string of pearls.

4) A divisor (in math.)

5) A kind of prose composition.

5) A gambler.

7) A kind of science.

Derivable forms: hārakaḥ (हारकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hāraka (हारक).—m., (1) porter, carrier (in Sanskrit recorded only ifc., and so usually [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]): asati hārake (v.l. hartari) [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 497.12, when no porter is available; in same meaning bhāra-hāraka, (load-)carrier, Śikṣāsamuccaya 180.18; see kāṣṭha- hāraka; dhana-hārakaḥ, to get wealth, Divyāvadāna 5.12, see s.v. ṛṇadhara, also ojo-hāraka; acc. adv., as ger. (§ 35.5), śāli-hārakaṃ gatasya Mahāvastu i.343.4, gone rice-gathering; (2) in Śikṣāsamuccaya 330.15 (verse) seems to denote a kind of enter- tainer: utkuṭa-śobhika-hāraka-nṛtyā māyakarāḥ…Per- haps corrupt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraka (हरक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A rogue, a cheat. 2. A person of reflection. 3. A taker, a conveyer, a seizer. 4. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor; also division. 5. Siva. E. hṛ to take, vun aff.

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Hāraka (हारक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A theif. 2. A rogue. 3. Science. 4. A gambler. 5. A tree, (Trophis aspera.) 6. A plunderer, a ravisher, one who carries off any thing. 7. A kind of prose composition. 8. A string of pearls. 9. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor. E. hṛ to take, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraka (हरक).—i. e. hṛ + aka, m. 1. A taker. 2. A rogue. 3. A person of reflection. 4. Śiva.

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Hāraka (हारक).—i. e. hṛ + aka, I. adj. Taking, drawing upon one’s self, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 308. Ii. m. 1. A thief, a plunderer, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 451. 2. A rogue. 3. i. e. kāra + ka, A string of pearls, [Pañcatantra] 176, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāraka (हारक).—[feminine] rikā = [preceding] (adj. —°); [masculine] thief, robber, also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haraka (हरक):—[from hara] a m. a taker, seizer, conveyer, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] a rogue, cheat, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] a reflecting person, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] a divisor or division, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] a long flexible sword, [ib.]

7) Hāraka (हारक):—[from hara] mf(ikā)n. taking, seizing, robbing, stealing (See artha-, aśva-h)

8) [v.s. ...] removing, taking upon one’s self (See samagra-mala-h)

9) [v.s. ...] ravishing, captivating (in gopī-nayana-h, ‘captivating the eyes of the Gopīs’ [Pañcarātra])

10) [v.s. ...] m. a thief, robber, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a gambler, cheat, rogue, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

12) [v.s. ...] a divisor, [Āryabhaṭa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

13) [v.s. ...] a string of pearls, [Pañcatantra]

14) [v.s. ...] Trophis Aspera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a kind of prose composition, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a kind of science, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) Harāka (हराक):—Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]

18) Haraka (हरक):—[from hṛ] b etc. See p.1289.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haraka (हरक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A rogue; Shiva; a reflecting person; a taker or seizer; division.

2) Hāraka (हारक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A thief; prose; science; a gambler; Trophis aspera; in arith. a divisor.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hāraka (हारक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hāraa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Haraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hāraka (हारक):—(a) who carries away per force, usurps or charms.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hāraka (ಹಾರಕ):—

1) [noun] the millet grass Paspalum scrobiculatum ( = P. frumentaceum) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its millet used as food.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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