Haraka, Hāraka: 18 definitions
Haraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Hāraka (हारक) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Hāraka (हारक) refers to “that which destroys”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O great Brahmin, the misty haloes around the sun and the moon in the grip of Rāhu became the harbingers of great fear and unhappiness [i.e., sukha-hāraka]. At that time terrifying sounds that resembled those of the chariot issued forth from cracks and crevices in the mountains. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Hāraka.—cf. ‘one hāraka of barley corn’ (cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, p. 30, text line 2); possibly bhāraka, a load or measure. Note: hāraka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
hāraka : (adj.) carrying; removing.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Hāraka, (adj.) (fr. hāra) carrying, taking, getting; removing (f. hārikā) M.I, 385; J.I, 134, 479; Pv.II, 91 (dhana°); SnA 259 (maṃsa°).—mala° an instrument for removing ear-wax Ap 303; cp. haraṇī. sattha° a dagger carrier, assassin Vin.III, 73; S.IV, 62. See also vallī. (Page 731)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
haraka (हरक).—a S That takes away or seizes. 2 Used as s m A thief, rogue, robber, plunderer.
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hāraka (हारक).—a (S) That takes away or from; that seizes, ravishes, robs; that bears off or removes generally; as pittahāraka, kaphahāraka, vātahāraka, śōka- hāraka, kalyāṇahāraka. See others under hārī. 2 In arithmetic. Divisor.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
haraka (हरक).—a That takes away. m A thief.
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hāraka (हारक).—a That takes away or from, that ravishes, robs.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A stealer, thief.
2) A rogue.
3) A divisor.
4) Name of Śiva.
5) A long flexible sword.
Derivable forms: harakaḥ (हरकः).
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1) A thief, plunderer; लवणहारकः (lavaṇahārakaḥ) Y.3.215.
2) A cheat, rogue.
3) A string of pearls.
4) A divisor (in math.)
5) A kind of prose composition.
5) A gambler.
7) A kind of science.
Derivable forms: hārakaḥ (हारकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Hāraka (हारक).—m., (1) porter, carrier (in Sanskrit recorded only ifc., and so usually [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]): asati hārake (v.l. hartari) [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 497.12, when no porter is available; in same meaning bhāra-hāraka, (load-)carrier, Śikṣāsamuccaya 180.18; see kāṣṭha- hāraka; dhana-hārakaḥ, to get wealth, Divyāvadāna 5.12, see s.v. ṛṇadhara, also ojo-hāraka; acc. adv., as ger. (§ 35.5), śāli-hārakaṃ gatasya Mahāvastu i.343.4, gone rice-gathering; (2) in Śikṣāsamuccaya 330.15 (verse) seems to denote a kind of enter- tainer: utkuṭa-śobhika-hāraka-nṛtyā māyakarāḥ…Per- haps corrupt.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) 1. A rogue, a cheat. 2. A person of reflection. 3. A taker, a conveyer, a seizer. 4. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor; also division. 5. Siva. E. hṛ to take, vun aff.
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(-kaḥ) 1. A theif. 2. A rogue. 3. Science. 4. A gambler. 5. A tree, (Trophis aspera.) 6. A plunderer, a ravisher, one who carries off any thing. 7. A kind of prose composition. 8. A string of pearls. 9. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor. E. hṛ to take, aff. ṇvul .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Haraka (हरक).—i. e. hṛ + aka, m. 1. A taker. 2. A rogue. 3. A person of reflection. 4. Śiva.
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Hāraka (हारक).—i. e. hṛ + aka, I. adj. Taking, drawing upon one’s self, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 308. Ii. m. 1. A thief, a plunderer, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 451. 2. A rogue. 3. i. e. kāra + ka, A string of pearls, [Pañcatantra] 176, 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hāraka (हारक).—[feminine] rikā = [preceding] (adj. —°); [masculine] thief, robber, also = seq.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Haraka (हरक):—[from hara] a m. a taker, seizer, conveyer, [Horace H. Wilson]
2) [v.s. ...] a rogue, cheat, [ib.]
3) [v.s. ...] a reflecting person, [ib.]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [ib.]
5) [v.s. ...] a divisor or division, [ib.]
6) [v.s. ...] a long flexible sword, [ib.]
7) Hāraka (हारक):—[from hara] mf(ikā)n. taking, seizing, robbing, stealing (See artha-, aśva-h)
8) [v.s. ...] removing, taking upon one’s self (See samagra-mala-h)
9) [v.s. ...] ravishing, captivating (in gopī-nayana-h, ‘captivating the eyes of the Gopīs’ [Pañcarātra])
10) [v.s. ...] m. a thief, robber, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] a gambler, cheat, rogue, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
12) [v.s. ...] a divisor, [Āryabhaṭa [Scholiast or Commentator]]
13) [v.s. ...] a string of pearls, [Pañcatantra]
14) [v.s. ...] Trophis Aspera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] a kind of prose composition, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] a kind of science, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) Harāka (हराक):—Name of a place, [Catalogue(s)]
18) Haraka (हरक):—[from hṛ] b etc. See p.1289.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Haraka (हरक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A rogue; Shiva; a reflecting person; a taker or seizer; division.
2) Hāraka (हारक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A thief; prose; science; a gambler; Trophis aspera; in arith. a divisor.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Hāraka (हारक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hāraa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Hāraka (हारक):—(a) who carries away per force, usurps or charms.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the millet grass Paspalum scrobiculatum ( = P. frumentaceum) of Poaceae family.
2) [noun] its millet used as food.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+197): Abhicharaka, Abhinirharaka, Adharaka, Aharaka, Ajnadharaka, Aksharaka, Anaharaka, Andaharaka, Annapaharaka, Anucharaka, Anuharaka, Apacharaka, Apaharaka, Arthaharaka, Asannaparicharaka, Ashmabharaka, Ashmariharaka, Ashvaharaka, Asidharaka, Asthisamharaka.
Full-text (+60): Mandaharaka, Ashvaharaka, Pranaharaka, Pratiharaka, Kaphanashaka, Sandeshaharaka, Sandhiharaka, Udaharaka, Pariharaka, Avaharaka, Samdhiharaka, Samdeshaharaka, Padaharaka, Nirlopa, Nakraharaka, Malaharaka, Vacikaharaka, Haraka fotsy, Dupuya haraka, Haraku.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Haraka, Hāraka, Harāka; (plurals include: Harakas, Hārakas, Harākas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vinaya (1): The Patimokkha (by T. W. Rhys Davids)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Buddhist Monastic Discipline (by Jotiya Dhirasekera)