Harana, Haraṇa, Hairana: 21 definitions


Harana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Haran.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Haraṇa (हरण).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Haraṇa (हरण) refers to “cheating others (of their property)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Puṣya will be dealers in barley, wheat, rice, sugar-canes and in the produce of the forest; will be either ministers or rulers; will live by water; will be Sādhus and will delight in sacrificial rites. Those who are born on the lunar day of Āśleṣā, will be dealers in perfumes, roots, fruits, reptiles, serpents and poison; will delight in cheating others of their property (paradhana-haraṇa-abhirata); will be dealers in pod grains and will be skilled in medicine of every sort. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Haraṇa (हरण) or “taking away” is another name for bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu names for the operation are bhāgahāra, bhājana, haraṇa, chedana, etc. All these terms literally mean “to break into parts”, i.e., “to divide”, excepting haraṇa which denotes “to take away”. This term shows the relation of division to subtraction. The dividend is termed bhājya, hārya, etc., the divisor bhājaka, bhāgahara or simply hara, and the quotient labdhi “what is obtained” or labdha.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: OAPEN: Reverberations of Dharmakīrti‘s Philosophy (sh)

Haraṇa (हरण) (Apahāra) refers to the “removal (of poison)”, according to Sarvajñānottara Vidyāpāda 8-9.—Poison was a stock example for the Saiddhāntikas. In the Sarvajñānottara we read: “Just as the toxicologist, through the power of visualizations and seed-mantras, effects the removal of poison (viṣa-haraṇa), so the Ācārya effects a disjunction with the bonds through Śaiva [initiation] rituals. Just as a suppression of poison [takes place] by the power of mantras and herbs, so there takes place a suppression of all bonds through initiation”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Haraṇa (हरण) (or Grahaṇa) refers to the “collection” or “gathering” (of medicinal herbs), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa posits that the collection or gathering of medicinal herbs (auṣadha-grahaṇa or haraṇa) must be done in a specified manner, accompanied by japa or prayer. If plucked without the relevant prayers or mantras, the medicines are liable to lose their potency which is paramount for effective treatment and complete remedy of any ailment. The Creator created people and also the medicines to safeguard and protect humanity. He also created the moon to protect the medicinal potency of the flora.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Harana in the Tangkhul language is the name of a plant identified with Artemisia nilagirica (C. B. Cl.) Pamp. from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family having the following synonyms: Artemisia vulgaris, Artemisia vulgaris var. nilagirica. For the possible medicinal usage of harana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haraṇa : (nt.) carrying.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haraṇa, (nt.) (fr. hṛ) taking, seizing, removing J.I, 117, 118, 232; DA.I, 71. kucchi° n. filling of the belly J.I, 277. °bhatta a meal to take along DhA.II, 144. (Page 729)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haraṇa (हरण).—n (S) Seizing, ravishing, taking away forcibly. 2 Removing, carrying or bearing off (as of pain, disease, sin, trouble). Usually in comp. as pāpaharaṇa, duḥkhaharaṇa, dōṣaharaṇa. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

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haraṇa (हरण).—f ( H) An anvil.

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haraṇa (हरण).—m n (hariṇa S) An antelope, a deer, Antilope cervicapra. 2 f A doe. ha0 phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble. Also ha0 phāśānta ghālaṇēṃ or pāḍaṇēṃ To cast into &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haraṇa (हरण).—n Seizing. Removing. m n An ante- lope, a deer, f An anvil. haraṇa phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ Fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble.

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haraṇa (हरण) [-ṇī, -णी].—f A doe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—[hṛ-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Seizing, taking.

2) Carrying away, carrying off, removing, stealing; कन्याहरणम् (kanyāharaṇam) Ms. 3.33; धेनुवत्सहरणम् (dhenuvatsaharaṇam) R.11.74.

3) Depriving of, destroying; as in प्राणहरणम् (prāṇaharaṇam).

4) Dividing.

5) A gift to a student.

6) The arm.

7) Semen virile.

8) Gold.

9) A nuptial present, (= yautaka q. v.); आजग्मुः खाण्डवप्रस्थ- मादाय हरणं बहु (ājagmuḥ khāṇḍavaprastha- mādāya haraṇaṃ bahu) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.221.33.

1) A shell, cowrie.

11) Boiling water.

Derivable forms: haraṇam (हरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Taking, (either in a good or bad sense,) accepting, receiving, seizing, stealing, dividing, carrying off or away. 2. A special gift, as a nuptial present, alms to a student at his initiation, &c. 3. The arm. 4. Semen virile. 5. Gold. 6. A Kowri. 7. Boiling water. 8. (In Arithmetic,) Dividing, division. m.

(-ṇaḥ) The hand. E. hṛ to take, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—i. e. hṛ + ana, I. m. The hand. Ii. n. 1. Taking, seizing, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 28; carrying away, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 111; 112; removing, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 155; stealing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 323. 2. Withholding, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 90. 3. Annulling. disregarding, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 180. 4. The arm. 5. Accepting. 6. A special gift, as a nuptial present. 7. Semen virile. 8. Gold. 9. Boiling water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—[adjective] ([feminine] ā & ī) & [neuter] carrying, conveying, taking, receiving, seizing, holding, robbing, removing, destroying; [neuter] also offering (of a sacrifice), nuptial fee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण):—[from hara] a mf(ā or ī)n. (only ifc.) carrying, holding, containing (e.g. bali-haraṇī darvī, ‘a ladle containing an oblation’), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] taking away. removing (e.g. rajo-h ‘removing dust’), [Kauśika-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘taker’, a hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] an arm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Michelia Champaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of carrying or bringing or fetching, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] offering, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

8) [v.s. ...] carrying off, robbing, abduction, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] removing, destroying, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] dividing, division, [Colebrooke]

11) [v.s. ...] a nuptial present (= -yautaka), [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] a gift to a student at his initiation, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] fodder given to a stallion (= vāḍaba-h), [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 6-2, 65]

14) [v.s. ...] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘a [particular] gesture’ [especially] of an archer in shooting; ‘boiling water’; ‘semen virile’; ‘gold’).

15) Hāraṇā (हारणा):—[from hara] f. ([from] [Causal]) causing to take or seize etc., [Pāṇini 3-3, 107 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

16) Haraṇa (हरण):—[from hṛ] b etc. See p.1289.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Taking; a special gift; arm; gold; semen virile; boiling water. m. The hand.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Haraṇa (हरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Haraṇa, Hāraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण) [Also spelled haran]:—(nm) kidnapping, abduction, forcible carrying away, seizing; as a suffix it imparts the meaning of one who or that which carries away, seizes or takes by force, rids, etc.; ~[ṇīya] fit to be kidnapped/abducted/taken away by force.

2) Haranā (हरना) [Also spelled harna]:—(v) to kidnap, to abduct, to carry away by force, to seize.

3) Harānā (हराना):—(v) to defeat, to vanquish.

4) Hāranā (हारना) [Also spelled harna]:—(v) to be defeated, to lose; to be wearied; [hārā-thakā] worn and wearied.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Haraṇa.

2) Haraṇa (हरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Grahaṇa.

3) Haraṇa (हरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Smaraṇa.

4) Hāraṇa (हारण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haraṇa (ಹರಣ):—

1) [noun] the principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in living beings, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body; the soul.

2) [noun] (fig.) a most dearest person.

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Haraṇa (ಹರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of receiving, accepting.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of taking away something that belongs to another using force; robbery.

3) [noun] a stealing or snatching.

4) [noun] a desroying or being desroyed; destruction.

5) [noun] that what was not required, desired, etc.; an unwanted, undesirable thing.

6) [noun] a gift presened to a bride or bridegroom or a brāhmaṇa boy who is getting his upanayana or religious initiation.

7) [noun] a mediating between two opposing parties and reconciling them.

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Hāraṇa (ಹಾರಣ):—[noun] a taking of food breaking a day’s fasting.

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Hairāṇa (ಹೈರಾಣ):—

1) [noun] great fatigue or weariness; exhaustion.

2) [noun] the state of being distressed; distressful condition.

3) [noun] difficulty; trouble.

4) [noun] the state of being utterly confused; bewilderment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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