Harana, Haraṇa, Hairana: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Harana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Haran.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Haraṇa (हरण).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Harana in the Tangkhul language is the name of a plant identified with Artemisia nilagirica (C. B. Cl.) Pamp. from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family having the following synonyms: Artemisia vulgaris, Artemisia vulgaris var. nilagirica. For the possible medicinal usage of harana, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haraṇa : (nt.) carrying.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haraṇa, (nt.) (fr. hṛ) taking, seizing, removing J.I, 117, 118, 232; DA.I, 71. kucchi° n. filling of the belly J.I, 277. °bhatta a meal to take along DhA.II, 144. (Page 729)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haraṇa (हरण).—n (S) Seizing, ravishing, taking away forcibly. 2 Removing, carrying or bearing off (as of pain, disease, sin, trouble). Usually in comp. as pāpaharaṇa, duḥkhaharaṇa, dōṣaharaṇa. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

--- OR ---

haraṇa (हरण).—f ( H) An anvil.

--- OR ---

haraṇa (हरण).—m n (hariṇa S) An antelope, a deer, Antilope cervicapra. 2 f A doe. ha0 phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble. Also ha0 phāśānta ghālaṇēṃ or pāḍaṇēṃ To cast into &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haraṇa (हरण).—n Seizing. Removing. m n An ante- lope, a deer, f An anvil. haraṇa phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ Fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble.

--- OR ---

haraṇa (हरण) [-ṇī, -णी].—f A doe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—[hṛ-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Seizing, taking.

2) Carrying away, carrying off, removing, stealing; कन्याहरणम् (kanyāharaṇam) Ms. 3.33; धेनुवत्सहरणम् (dhenuvatsaharaṇam) R.11.74.

3) Depriving of, destroying; as in प्राणहरणम् (prāṇaharaṇam).

4) Dividing.

5) A gift to a student.

6) The arm.

7) Semen virile.

8) Gold.

9) A nuptial present, (= yautaka q. v.); आजग्मुः खाण्डवप्रस्थ- मादाय हरणं बहु (ājagmuḥ khāṇḍavaprastha- mādāya haraṇaṃ bahu) Mb.1.221.33.

1) A shell, cowrie.

11) Boiling water.

Derivable forms: haraṇam (हरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Taking, (either in a good or bad sense,) accepting, receiving, seizing, stealing, dividing, carrying off or away. 2. A special gift, as a nuptial present, alms to a student at his initiation, &c. 3. The arm. 4. Semen virile. 5. Gold. 6. A Kowri. 7. Boiling water. 8. (In Arithmetic,) Dividing, division. m.

(-ṇaḥ) The hand. E. hṛ to take, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—i. e. hṛ + ana, I. m. The hand. Ii. n. 1. Taking, seizing, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 28; carrying away, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 111; 112; removing, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 155; stealing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 323. 2. Withholding, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 90. 3. Annulling. disregarding, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 180. 4. The arm. 5. Accepting. 6. A special gift, as a nuptial present. 7. Semen virile. 8. Gold. 9. Boiling water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—[adjective] ([feminine] ā & ī) & [neuter] carrying, conveying, taking, receiving, seizing, holding, robbing, removing, destroying; [neuter] also offering (of a sacrifice), nuptial fee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण):—[from hara] a mf(ā or ī)n. (only ifc.) carrying, holding, containing (e.g. bali-haraṇī darvī, ‘a ladle containing an oblation’), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] taking away. removing (e.g. rajo-h ‘removing dust’), [Kauśika-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘taker’, a hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] an arm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Michelia Champaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of carrying or bringing or fetching, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] offering, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

8) [v.s. ...] carrying off, robbing, abduction, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] removing, destroying, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

10) [v.s. ...] dividing, division, [Colebrooke]

11) [v.s. ...] a nuptial present (= -yautaka), [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] a gift to a student at his initiation, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] fodder given to a stallion (= vāḍaba-h), [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 6-2, 65]

14) [v.s. ...] ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also ‘a [particular] gesture’ [especially] of an archer in shooting; ‘boiling water’; ‘semen virile’; ‘gold’).

15) Hāraṇā (हारणा):—[from hara] f. ([from] [Causal]) causing to take or seize etc., [Pāṇini 3-3, 107 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

16) Haraṇa (हरण):—[from hṛ] b etc. See p.1289.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Taking; a special gift; arm; gold; semen virile; boiling water. m. The hand.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Haraṇa (हरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Haraṇa, Hāraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण) [Also spelled haran]:—(nm) kidnapping, abduction, forcible carrying away, seizing; as a suffix it imparts the meaning of one who or that which carries away, seizes or takes by force, rids, etc.; ~[ṇīya] fit to be kidnapped/abducted/taken away by force.

2) Haranā (हरना) [Also spelled harna]:—(v) to kidnap, to abduct, to carry away by force, to seize.

3) Harānā (हराना):—(v) to defeat, to vanquish.

4) Hāranā (हारना) [Also spelled harna]:—(v) to be defeated, to lose; to be wearied; [hārā-thakā] worn and wearied.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Haraṇa (हरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Haraṇa.

2) Haraṇa (हरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Grahaṇa.

3) Haraṇa (हरण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Smaraṇa.

4) Hāraṇa (हारण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haraṇa (ಹರಣ):—

1) [noun] the principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in living beings, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body; the soul.

2) [noun] (fig.) a most dearest person.

--- OR ---

Haraṇa (ಹರಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of receiving, accepting.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of taking away something that belongs to another using force; robbery.

3) [noun] a stealing or snatching.

4) [noun] a desroying or being desroyed; destruction.

5) [noun] that what was not required, desired, etc.; an unwanted, undesirable thing.

6) [noun] a gift presened to a bride or bridegroom or a brāhmaṇa boy who is getting his upanayana or religious initiation.

7) [noun] a mediating between two opposing parties and reconciling them.

--- OR ---

Hāraṇa (ಹಾರಣ):—[noun] a taking of food breaking a day’s fasting.

--- OR ---

Hairāṇa (ಹೈರಾಣ):—

1) [noun] great fatigue or weariness; exhaustion.

2) [noun] the state of being distressed; distressful condition.

3) [noun] difficulty; trouble.

4) [noun] the state of being utterly confused; bewilderment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of harana in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: