Harana, Haraṇa: 10 definitions

Introduction

Harana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Haraṇa (हरण).—One of the eleven rākṣasas facing the eleven rudras in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haraṇa : (nt.) carrying.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haraṇa, (nt.) (fr. hṛ) taking, seizing, removing J.I, 117, 118, 232; DA.I, 71. kucchi° n. filling of the belly J.I, 277. °bhatta a meal to take along DhA.II, 144. (Page 729)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haraṇa (हरण).—n (S) Seizing, ravishing, taking away forcibly. 2 Removing, carrying or bearing off (as of pain, disease, sin, trouble). Usually in comp. as pāpaharaṇa, duḥkhaharaṇa, dōṣaharaṇa. 3 In arithmetic. Division.

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haraṇa (हरण).—f ( H) An anvil.

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haraṇa (हरण).—m n (hariṇa S) An antelope, a deer, Antilope cervicapra. 2 f A doe. ha0 phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble. Also ha0 phāśānta ghālaṇēṃ or pāḍaṇēṃ To cast into &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haraṇa (हरण).—n Seizing. Removing. m n An ante- lope, a deer, f An anvil. haraṇa phāśānta sāmpaḍaṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ Fall helplessly into a snare or a trouble.

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haraṇa (हरण) [-ṇī, -णी].—f A doe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—[hṛ-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Seizing, taking.

2) Carrying away, carrying off, removing, stealing; कन्याहरणम् (kanyāharaṇam) Ms. 3.33; धेनुवत्सहरणम् (dhenuvatsaharaṇam) R.11.74.

3) Depriving of, destroying; as in प्राणहरणम् (prāṇaharaṇam).

4) Dividing.

5) A gift to a student.

6) The arm.

7) Semen virile.

8) Gold.

9) A nuptial present, (= yautaka q. v.); आजग्मुः खाण्डवप्रस्थ- मादाय हरणं बहु (ājagmuḥ khāṇḍavaprastha- mādāya haraṇaṃ bahu) Mb.1.221.33.

1) A shell, cowrie.

11) Boiling water.

Derivable forms: haraṇam (हरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haraṇa (हरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Taking, (either in a good or bad sense,) accepting, receiving, seizing, stealing, dividing, carrying off or away. 2. A special gift, as a nuptial present, alms to a student at his initiation, &c. 3. The arm. 4. Semen virile. 5. Gold. 6. A Kowri. 7. Boiling water. 8. (In Arithmetic,) Dividing, division. m.

(-ṇaḥ) The hand. E. hṛ to take, aff. lyuṭ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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