Hantri, Hantṛ: 9 definitions


Hantri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hantṛ can be transliterated into English as Hantr or Hantri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hantṛ (हन्तृ) refers to the “killer (of villains)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.4cd-7ab, while describing protection rituals]—“Since all Rakṣasas run away and are killed, then O Devi, I call [white mustard seeds] rakṣoghna. They spread on Earth and in all battles between demons and the chiefs of gods. [Mustard seeds] are employed as killers of villains (duṣṭa-hantṛ) in order to accomplish the destruction of enemies. Since their purpose is accomplished then they are called white mustard on Earth. They take away pride in evil-minded spirits”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hantrī (हन्त्री) refers to “that which dispels (sins)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] Wherever the chaste lady sets her foot, the sin is dispelled therefrom (pāpa-hantrī) and the place is sanctified. Even the sun, moon and wind touch the chaste woman to sanctify themselves and not otherwise. Waters desire the touch of the chaste lady thinking—‘Now our sluggishness is gone. Now we are able to purify others’. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hantṛ (हन्तृ).—a. (-ntrī f.) [हन्-तृच् (han-tṛc)]

1) One who strikes or kills, striking, killer; न तादृशं भवत्येनो मृगहन्तुर्धनार्थिनः (na tādṛśaṃ bhavatyeno mṛgahanturdhanārthinaḥ) Manusmṛti 5. 34; Kumārasambhava 2.2.

2) One who removes, destroys, counteracts &c. -m.

1) A slayer, killer.

2) A thief, robber.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hantṛ (हन्तृ).—m.

(-ntā) 1. A murderer, a slayer. 2. A thief, a robber. 3. A measure of food, four times four double handfuls. f. (-ntrī) 1. Who or what strikes or kills. 2. One who destroys or removes. E. han to kill, tṛc Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hantṛ (हन्तृ).—[han + tṛ], m. 1. A murderer, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 34. 2. A theif, a robber. 3. One who injures, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 76, M. M. (kārya-, another’s interest).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hantṛ (हन्तृ).—([genetive]) & hantṛ ([accusative]) slaying, slayer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hantṛ (हन्तृ):—[from han] hantṛ or hantṛ, mf(trī)n. (the former with [genitive case], the latter with [accusative]) slaying, killing, a slayer, killer, murderer, robber, disturber, destroyer (-tva n.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] measure of food, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Hantrī (हन्त्री):—[from hantṛ > han] f. See next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hantṛ (हन्तृ):—(ntā) 4. m. A murderer; four times four double handfuls of food.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hantṛ (हन्तृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Haṃtu, Haṇira.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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