Andhra, aka: Āndhra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Andhra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Andhra in Purana glossaries]

Andhra (अन्ध्र).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—(ĀNDHRA). This is the Andhra Pradesh in modern India. It has to be surmised that this place was very famous during the period of the composition of the Mahābhārata. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 49).

2) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—Warriors from Andhra were called Andhras. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 8).

3) Āndhra (आन्ध्र).—The present Āndhra Pradeśa. It was famous even from purāṇic times and it was annexed by Sahadeva by defeating its ruler in a game of dice.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—Born of Dīrghatamas and Bali's wife. (Burnouf's reading—Oḍra).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa, IX. 23. 5.

1b) The son of Dṛṣadaśva (Vṛṣadaśva, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 26.

1c) —(c)—a Janapada under the Devarakṣitas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 385; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 64.

1d) A people of the southern country ruled for 300 years;1 a sinful tribe got purified by praying to Hari;2 defeated by Bharata.3 See āṇdhras.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa, XII. 1. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 127; 47. 44; 78. 69; 99. 268, 361.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18.
  • 3) Ib. IX. 20. 30.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.

2a) Āndhra (आन्ध्र).—The kings of Andhra dynasty, thirty in number, ruled the earth for 456 years. Seven of them were contemporaries of seven Kauśalas, chiefs of Vidūra and Niṣadhas;1 According to matsya purāṇa, 19 members of the dynasty ruled for 460 years. Kingdoms of ārya and Mleccha existed side by side—Ābhīras, Gardabhilas, Śakas, Yavanas, Tuṣāras, Guruṇḍas, and Hūṇas.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 22-28 and 35.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 272. 37; 273. 16-19, 25.

2b) A tribe purified by the worship of Hari.1 Enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus;2 a southern country unfit for performing śrāddha.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50 (V) 3].
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 59; III. 14. 80; IV. 29. 131.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Andhra in Natyashastra glossaries]

Andhra (अन्ध्र) is the name of a country situated within the Dākṣiṇāpatha (Deccan) region. Countries within this region pertain to the Dākṣinātyā local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned this region lies between the Southern Ocean and the Vindhya mountains.

The Andhras are usually to be represented by a brown (asita) color when painting the limbs (aṅgaracanā), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The painting is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[Andhra in Kavya glossaries]

Andhra (अन्ध्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The country Andhra lying between the river Godāvari in the north side and the Kṛṣṇa in the south side. Its capital name was Pratiṣthanapura.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Andhra in Mahayana glossaries]

Andhra (अन्ध्र) or Andhradeśa is the name of a territority mentioned as one of the “low places of birth”, which represents one of the five dreadful things mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “in regard to Buddha’s mundane qualities (laukikaguṇa), no one is able to attain them because he has rooted out dreadful things at their very roots. These dreadful things are: (2) a low place of birth (nīcajāti-sthāna), for example: Ngan-t’o-lo (Andhra)”.

The (Andhra) territory included between the Godāvari basin and the Kistna basin, occupied by people of Dravidian race and of Telugu language and called Andhradeśa nowadays. According to the sources mentioned above (Preface to vol. I, p. xii seq.), Nāgārjuna, the presumed author of the Traité, lived part of his life in Andhra at Śrīparvata, and had friendly relations with the Śatavāhana or even the Ikṣvākus who reigned over the region in the 2nd and 3rd century C.E. In that case, it is hard to see why the writer of the Traité shows so much scorn for Andhradeśa by putting it at the top of the list of bad places to be born.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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