Andhra, aka: Āndhra; 8 Definition(s)
Andhra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Andhra (अन्ध्र).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—(ĀNDHRA). This is the Andhra Pradesh in modern India. It has to be surmised that this place was very famous during the period of the composition of the Mahābhārata. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 49).
2) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—Warriors from Andhra were called Andhras. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 8).
3) Āndhra (आन्ध्र).—The present Āndhra Pradeśa. It was famous even from purāṇic times and it was annexed by Sahadeva by defeating its ruler in a game of dice.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Andhra (अन्ध्र).—Born of Dīrghatamas and Bali's wife. (Burnouf's reading—Oḍra).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa, IX. 23. 5.
1b) The son of Dṛṣadaśva (Vṛṣadaśva, Vāyu-purāṇa).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 26.
1c) —(c)—a Janapada under the Devarakṣitas.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 385; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 64.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa, XII. 1. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 127; 47. 44; 78. 69; 99. 268, 361.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18.
- 3) Ib. IX. 20. 30.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 76.
2a) Āndhra (आन्ध्र).—The kings of Andhra dynasty, thirty in number, ruled the earth for 456 years. Seven of them were contemporaries of seven Kauśalas, chiefs of Vidūra and Niṣadhas;1 According to matsya purāṇa, 19 members of the dynasty ruled for 460 years. Kingdoms of ārya and Mleccha existed side by side—Ābhīras, Gardabhilas, Śakas, Yavanas, Tuṣāras, Guruṇḍas, and Hūṇas.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 4. 18.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50 (V) 3].
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 59; III. 14. 80; IV. 29. 131.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Andhra (अन्ध्र) is the name of a country situated within the Dākṣiṇāpatha (Deccan) region. Countries within this region pertain to the Dākṣinātyā local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned this region lies between the Southern Ocean and the Vindhya mountains.
The Andhras are usually to be represented by a brown (asita) color when painting the limbs (aṅgaracanā), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The painting is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Andhra (अन्ध्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The country Andhra lying between the river Godāvari in the north side and the Kṛṣṇa in the south side. Its capital name was Pratiṣthanapura.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Andhra (अन्ध्र) or Andhradeśa is the name of a territority mentioned as one of the “low places of birth”, which represents one of the five dreadful things mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “in regard to Buddha’s mundane qualities (laukikaguṇa), no one is able to attain them because he has rooted out dreadful things at their very roots. These dreadful things are: (2) a low place of birth (nīcajāti-sthāna), for example: Ngan-t’o-lo (Andhra)”.
The (Andhra) territory included between the Godāvari basin and the Kistna basin, occupied by people of Dravidian race and of Telugu language and called Andhradeśa nowadays. According to the sources mentioned above (Preface to vol. I, p. xii seq.), Nāgārjuna, the presumed author of the Traité, lived part of his life in Andhra at Śrīparvata, and had friendly relations with the Śatavāhana or even the Ikṣvākus who reigned over the region in the 2nd and 3rd century C.E. In that case, it is hard to see why the writer of the Traité shows so much scorn for Andhradeśa by putting it at the top of the list of bad places to be born.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
1) Name of a people and the country inhabited by them. [The country of the Āndhras is said to be the modern Telingana. But the limits were probably confined to the Ghats on the West and the rivers Godāvarī and Krisnā on the North and South. It bordered on Kalinga (See Dk. 7th Ullāsa), and its capital Andhranagara is probably the old town of Vengi or Vegi. According to Daṇḍin, there was near it a lake 'like the ocean and crested with cranes' which description can only refer to the lake Colair which has an area of over 15 miles; जगन्नाथाटूर्ध्वभागाद- र्वाक् श्रीभ्रमरात्मकात् । तावदन्ध्राभिधो देशः (jagannāthāṭūrdhvabhāgāda- rvāk śrībhramarātmakāt | tāvadandhrābhidho deśaḥ)].
2) Name of a dynasty of kings.
3) A man of a mixed (low) caste, being born of a Vaideha father and Kārāvara mother, who lives by killing game; कारावरो निषादात्तु चर्मकारः प्रसूयते । वैदेहकादन्ध्रमेदौ बहिर्ग्रामप्रतिश्रयौ (kārāvaro niṣādāttu carmakāraḥ prasūyate | vaidehakādandhramedau bahirgrāmapratiśrayau) || Ms.1.36.
4) A kind of fowler.
Derivable forms: andhraḥ (अन्ध्रः).
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Āndhra (आन्ध्र).—a. Belonging to Āndhra (as language).
-dhraḥ (pl.) The Telagu country, modern Telangana; see अन्ध्र (andhra).
-ndhrī An Āndhra wife.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ndhraḥ) A native of Telengana. E. andhra country, aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 31 books and stories containing Andhra or Āndhra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 10.36 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 10.40 < [Section II - Mixed Castes]
Verse 2.24 < [Section VI - Qualified Countries]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 24 - The Telugu Cholas of Nellore (A.D. 1100-1350) < [Chapter XX - The Telugu Cholas (Chodas)]
Part 18 - End of the Parichchedi dyansty < [Chapter VI - The Parichchedis (A.D. 1040-1290)]
Part 38 - Petty Chola Principoliticis and Princes < [Chapter XX - The Telugu Cholas (Chodas)]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Tummuru < [Chapter XIV - Temples of Rajaraja III’s Time]
Note 2f: Chola Feudatories, the Telugu Cholas < [Chapter XI - Kulottunga III (a.d. 1178 to 1218)]
Temples in Chennur < [Chapter XVI - Temples of Rajendra III’s Time]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Kalidindi < [Chapter IV - Temples of Rajendra I’s Time]
Appendix on Tiruvalangadu Copper Plates < [Chapter I - Rajaraja I (a.d. 985 to 1014)]
Namasmarana - A Universal Sadhana (by Narayana Kasturi)