Hrid, Hṛd: 12 definitions


Hrid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hṛd can be transliterated into English as Hrd or Hrid, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: (Yoga)

Hṛd (हृद्) refers to the “heart” representing one of the sixteen vital centres of the body (i.e., ādhāra), according to the Jyotsnā 3.73 (Cf. Gorakṣaśataka 14 and Svātmārāma’s Haṭhapradīpikā 3.72).—In Haṭhayoga, ādhāra refers to a vital point of the body, a seat of vital function. Jyotsnā verse 3.73 cites a passage attributed to Gorakṣa listing the ādhāras as [e.g., hṛd (heart), ...]. The Haṭhapradīpikā refers to sixteen ādhāras but does not name them or explain what they are. The Gorakṣaśataka also refers to sixteen ādhāras as something the Yogī should be familiar with, but does not name them.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Hṛd (हृद्) refers to the “heart”, corresponding the Saura system: one of the sixteen spiritual disciplines (darśana) issued from the limbs of the body of the Goddess, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] All spiritual disciplines, whatever the tradition, are necessarily grounded in the same energy of the Śāmbhava state. They issue, as the texts put it, from the limbs of the body of the goddess who is this energy. These range from the lowest extremity—the left big toe—where Buddhism originates, to the highest—the End of Sixteen—where the Śāmbhava state is attained which is the source of the Kubjikā tradition. The systems (darśana) and their corresponding places of origin in the Goddess’s body are as follows: [5) Saura—the heart—hṛd, ...].

2) Hṛd (हृद्) refers to the “heart”, which is associated with the Jīvagranthi, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(12) The Knot of the Living Being is in the place of the heart [i.e., hṛdhṛdi sthāne], while (13) the one called Viṣṇu is in the throat. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hṛd (हृद्) refers to the “heart”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Himācala (Himavat) said to Menā:—“O dear, at the end of the latter half of the night, I too had a dream. Please listen to it lovingly. [...] Advising our daughter to render service to that saint I requested him to approve of it but He didn’t. A great discussion took place (between her and Śiva based on Sāṅkhya and Vedānta). Thereafter at His bidding my daughter stayed there. Concealing her love in the heart [i.e., hṛd] she served Him with devotion. This is the dream I had, O bright-faced lady and I have told you all. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hṛd (हृद्).—n The heart or the mind.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛd (हृद्).—n. (This word has no forms for the first five inflections, and is optionally substituted for hṛdaya after acc. dual)

1) The mind, heart; त्यक्तं गृहाद्यपि मया भवताप- शान्त्यै नासीदसौ हृतहृदो मम मायया ते (tyaktaṃ gṛhādyapi mayā bhavatāpa- śāntyai nāsīdasau hṛtahṛdo mama māyayā te) Bhagavaccharaṇa S.15.

2) The chest, bosom, breast; इमां हृदि व्यायतपातमक्षिणोत् (imāṃ hṛdi vyāyatapātamakṣiṇot) Ku.5.54.

3) The soul.

4) The interior or essence of anything.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛd (हृद्).—n. (-hṛt or hṛd) The heart, the mind, the faculty or seat of thought and feeling. E. hṛ to take, aff. kvip, and tuk added; This word has no forms for the first five cases; according to some it is not a separate word but an optional substitute for hṛdaya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛd (हृद्).—n. 1. The heart, [Hitopadeśa] 77, 3, M. M.; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 151 (former part of a comp.). 2. The mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛd (हृद्).—[neuter] the heart, [especially] as seat of the emotions and mental activity i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛd (हृद्):—n. (optionally substituted for hṛdaya in the weak cases id est. in all except the first five inflexions; thought to be connected with śrad q.v.) the heart (as the seat of feelings and emotions), soul, mind (as seat of thought and intellectual operations; hṛdy avedin, ‘having no capacity of knowledge in the heart or mind’, said of animals), breast, chest, stomach, interior (also in older language, ‘interior of the body’), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. [Greek] καρδία, κραδίη; [Latin] cor (cordis); [German] Herz; [English] heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛd (हृद्):—[(t-d)] 5. n. The heart, the mind.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hṛd (हृद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hrid in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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