Hrada, Hrāda: 22 definitions


Hrada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Hrāda (ह्राद).—Also called Hlāda, a son of Hiraṇyakaśipu. (See under Anuhlāda).

2) Hrāda (ह्राद).—A nāga. Hrāda was also present in the company of nāgas, which carried the soul of Balabhadrarāma to Pātāla. (Mausala Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 16).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Hrada (ह्रद).—A son of Hiraṇyakaśipu; sons Hrāda and Nisunda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 70, 71.

1b) The Jayādevas became converted into.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 32.

2a) Hrāda (ह्राद).—A son of Hiraṇyakaśipu; wife Dhamani, and sons Vātāpi and Ilvala; other sons were Sunda, Nisunda and Mūka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 13 and 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 34-5.

2b) A son of Hrada.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 71.

2c) The leader of Asuras in Devāsura war.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 17. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hrāda (ह्राद) refers to one of the four kinds of karaṇa (production), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Karaṇa represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “the karaṇa-dhātus (e.g., hrāda) will consist respectively of three, five, seven and nine light strokes, and the being combined and all ending in a heavy stroke”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Hrada (ह्रद) (lake) refers to one of the thirteen places (sthāna) associated with the Goddess’ pilgrimage, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā (verse 1.36-37, 4.5, 4.26-132), which is an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. The Ucchuṣma forest and the lakes Hrada and Nīlahrada are in the place that is transformed into Kāmarūpa. (See Schoterman 1981: 53-54).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Hrada (ह्रद) refers to the “lake (of the no-mind state)”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Just as everything disappears [from view] as the sun sets, so, the whole network of [past] actions dissolves into the no-mind [state]. [The Yogin] who has bathed in the no-mind lake (amanaska-hrada), which is free from the crocodiles of the senses and whose water is free from the wind and pure, obtains the supreme nectar. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Hrada (ह्रद) refers to “(gifts of) pools”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, the reward (vipāka) attributed to generosity increases in the following cases:—[...] When one gives gardens (ārāma), pools (hrada), etc., to the good people of the monasteries (vihāra). When one gives to the Community (saṃgha). [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Hrada (ह्रद) refers to a “pool” (suitable for performing offering ceremonies), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “At the time of drought one should prepare a maṇḍala with clay and cow dung measuring three hastas on a mountain, in a forest, at a monastery, a spring, a pool (hrada), a tank, a well, a lake, or the residence of the Nāgas. One should dig a hole measuring a hasta in the middle of the maṇḍalaka. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Hrada (ह्रद) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini IV.2.142. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Source: Husain Shahi Bengal

Hrada (ह्रद) refers to a “lake” according to Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava.—Rural settlements [in medieval Bengal] contained, in addition to habitations, roads and paths, tanks with bathing ghāṭs which supplied water to the people, jungles serving the purpose of the pasture-land and canals forming a sort of drainage system for the village. [...] It is known from Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava that rural areas had [viz., Lake (hrada)][...]. Thus the disposition of land in rural settlements conformed, in many respects, to the needs of the people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hrada.—(LL), a tank. Note: hrada is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hrada (ह्रद).—m A deep place in water (in a river, lake &c.)

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद).—[hrād-ac ni°]

1) A deep lake, a large and deep pool of water; आपगा गरुडेनेव ह्रदादुद्धृतपन्नगा (āpagā garuḍeneva hradāduddhṛtapannagā) Rām.2. 47.17; Kirātārjunīya 15.17; ह्रदे गभीरे हृदि चावगाढे शंसन्ति कार्यावतरं हि सन्तः (hrade gabhīre hṛdi cāvagāḍhe śaṃsanti kāryāvataraṃ hi santaḥ) N.3.53.

2) A deep hole or cavity; नाभिह्रदै- परिगृहीतरयाणि निम्नैः (nābhihradai- parigṛhītarayāṇi nimnaiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 5.29.

3) A ray of light.

Derivable forms: hradaḥ (ह्रदः).

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Hrāda (ह्राद).—[hrād-bhāve ghañ] Noise, sound; दुन्दुभीनां ह्रादः (dundubhīnāṃ hrādaḥ) Ki. 16.8; so धनुर्ह्रादः (dhanurhrādaḥ) &c.

Derivable forms: hrādaḥ (ह्रादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद).—[, pool, only m.; not nt. Mahāvastu i.237.12 (prose), where interpret hrada-m-(hiatus-bridging)-iva accho anā- vilo.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. A deep lake, a large or deep piece of water. 2. A ray of light. E. hrād to sound, aff. ac, and the deriv. irr.

--- OR ---

Hrāda (ह्राद).—m.

(-daḥ) Noise, sound. E. hrād to sound, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद).—probably hrād + a, m. 1. A large piece of water, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 53, 9; a deep lake, [Pañcatantra] 159, 14. 2. A ray of light.

--- OR ---

Hrāda (ह्राद).—[hrād + a], m. Noise, [Kirātārjunīya] 16, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद).—1. [masculine] noise, sound.

--- OR ---

Hrada (ह्रद).—2. [masculine] pool, lake.

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Hrāda (ह्राद).—[masculine] noise, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hrada (ह्रद):—1. hrada m. (once n.; ifc. f(ā). rather to be connected with √hlād, but cf.hrād; for 2. hrada See p.1307) a large or deep piece of water, lake, pool (rarely applied to the sea; with gāṅga, ‘the water of the Ganges’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) Hradā (ह्रदा):—[from hrada] f. the incense tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Hrada (ह्रद):—[from hrād] 2. hrada m. (ifc. f(ā). ; for 1. See p. 1306, col. 3) sound, noise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a ray of light (See śata-hr)

5) [v.s. ...] a ram, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Hrāda, [Harivaṃśa]

7) Hrāda (ह्राद):—[from hrād] m. sound, noise, roar (of thunder), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kirātārjunīya]

8) [v.s. ...] sound (in a phonetical sense), [Patañjali]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Hiraṇyakaśipu, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hrada (ह्रद):—(daḥ) 1. m. A deep lake; ray of light.

2) Hrāda (ह्राद):—hrādate 1. d. To sound.

3) (daḥ) m. Noise, sound.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hrada (ह्रद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Draha, Hara, Haraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hrada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hrada (ಹ್ರದ):—

1) [noun] a place, in the course of a river, having a deep depression, and where water flows slowly.

2) [noun] a deep lake.

3) [noun] a ray of light.

--- OR ---

Hrāda (ಹ್ರಾದ):—[noun] a sound; noise.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Hrada (ह्रद):—n. 1. a lagoon; lake or large pond; 2. echo; sound; 3. ray; beam;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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