Ahara, Āhāra, Āhara: 22 definitions

Introduction

Ahara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Ahara (अहर).—A son born of Danu to Kaśyapa. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Śloka 25, Chapter 65).

2) Ahara (अहर).—A son born of Danu to Kaśyapa. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Śloka 25, Chapter 65).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Ahara (अहर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.25) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ahara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda

Āhāra (आहार, “diet”).—One of the thee supporting pillars of the body.—Diet is the main factor to achieve good health. It is impossible to have good health without a proper diet. Food replenishes and supports the doṣas, dhātus and malas, and stabilizes life. By the knowledge of this science (food science) we can treat many diseases. Food only affects body, but mind too functions accordingly.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Āhāra (आहार) refers to “food” classified into six kinds according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—According to Raghunātha foodstuffs (āhāra) are of six types on the basis of the process by which they are in-taken:—

  1. coṣya - those that need to be sucked (eg.sugarcane and pomegrante),
  2. peya - those that need to be drunk (milk),
  3. rasālā - those that need to be licked,
  4. polikā - those that need to be eaten without mastication,
  5. laḍḍuka - those that need to be bitten,
  6. carvya - those that need to be chewed (beaten rice).

Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa gives us a five-fold classification of food items (anna). Mahābhārata gives a four-fold classification.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: IAMJ: Etiopathological role of Viruddhāhāra in diseases

Āhāra (food) is the prime need of every individual & human-beings are the reflection of a sort of food which has been ingested by them. Today the food & food habits are changing according to changing life-style of present inhabitants. Āhāra is the prime need for the sustaining of life. In the concept of Trividha Upastaṃabha, Āhāra has its own importance, without Āhāra , life would not continue for very long.

Āhāra can be broadly divided in two types i.e.

  1. Hitāhāra
  2. and Ahitāhāra.

Hitāhāra, which is responsible for the normal growth and development of the Śarīra (body) and Ahitāhāra, also called as Viruddhāhāra, interferes with normal body function and their by causes many diseases or ill health.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Ahara ('nutriment', 'food') is used in the concrete sense as material food and as such it belongs to derived corporeality (s. khandha, Summary I.) 

In the figurative sense, as 'foundation' or condition, it is one of the 24 conditions (paccaya) and is used to denote 4 kinds of nutriment, which are material and mental: 

  1. material food (kabalinkārāhāra), 
  2. (sensorial and mental) impression (phassa), 
  3. mental volition (mano-sañcetanā), 
  4. consciousness (viññāna).

Literature (on the 4 Nutriments): M. 9 & Com. (tr. in 'R. Und.'), M 38; S. XII, 11, 63, 64 - The Four Nutriments of Life, Selected texts & Com. (WHEEL 105/106).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Āhāra (आहार) or Pañcāhāra refers to the “five nutriments” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 70):

  1. dhyānāhāra (nutriment of absorption),
  2. kavalīkārāhāra (nutriment of food),
  3. pratyāhāra (nutriment from withdrawal),
  4. sparśāhāra (nutriment of contact),
  5. sañcetanikāhāra (nutriment of intention).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., āhāra). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Āhāra (आहार, “food”).—According to the 11th century Śrāvakācāra (verse 6.96-97) by Amitagati, food (āhāra) in Jainism is classified according to the fourfold aliments (catur-vidhāhāra):

  1. aśana (all that is swallowed),
  2. pāna (all that is drunk),
  3. khādima (all that is chewed),
  4. svādima (all that is tasted)

According to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra, the articles of food are classified into ten vikṛtis:

  1. kṣīra (milk),
  2. dadhi (curds),
  3. navanīta (butter),
  4. ghṛta (ghee),
  5. taila (oil),
  6. guḍa (molasses),
  7. madya (alcohol),
  8. madhu (honey),
  9. māṃsa (meat),
  10. avagāhima.

According to the 13th century Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta (verse 35) by Āśādhara, food is distinguished by four flavours (rasa):

  1. go-rasa (milk flavour),
  2. ikṣu-rasa (sugar flavour),
  3. phala-rasa (fruit flavour),
  4. dhānya-rasa (cereal flavour).
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Āhāra (आहार) refers to an “administrative district”.—The most common designation of an administrative district or tāluk in the Sātavāhana age is the āhāra (or hāra). The term occurs earlier in the Aśokan inscriptions to denote the area under the jurisdiction of a special class of mahāmātras. But for specific mention of individual āhāras we must turn toa later age.

The āhāra tends to disappear after the Sātavāhana age. It is rarely met within the succeeding period, and even when the expression actually forms part of the name of a district it is often followed by the term viṣaya, which is the most common designation of districts since the period of the Guptas in the north, and the Kadambas in the south. Some of the Pallava and Ikṣvāku monarchs show a preference for the old term raṭṭha or rāṣṭra.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district

Ahara or Hara is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—Inscriptions refer to ahara-vishaya and grama-ahara which means a district or a division formed by a group of villages. The term ahara occurs in the Asokan Edicts to denote an area under the jurisdiction of a special class of mahamatras. This was sometimes followed by the term Vishaya during the succeeding period. The Satavahana empire was divided into rashtras and aharas.

Source: Jainworld: Jain History (h)

Ahāra is situated in Tikamgarh District. Some people say that it is Atisāya Kṣetra while others regard it as Siddaha Kṣetra. According to them, Madanakumāra obtained Keval Jñana from the Tīrtha of Mallinātha, and Śrī Niṣkaṅvala from the Tīrtha of Mahāvīra. Actually, the ancient name of this place was Madaneśasāgarapura, named after the Chandella ruler Madanavarman. This place is known to be associated with one Pāḍāśāha who built a Jain temple here. There are inscriptions dated V.S. 1123 and V.S. 1136 engraved on the images available here.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āhāra.—(IE 8-4; EI 27; CII 1, 3, 4), a district; cf. āharaṇī. Cf. grām-āhāra (IE 8-4), a group of villages. (IA 17), cf. s-āhāra in Buddhist literature explained as sa-janapada. Āhāra = [land for] food; cf. bhoga. Note: āhāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āhāra : (m.) food; nutriment.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āhāra, (fr. ā + hṛ, lit. taking up or on to oneself) feeding, support, food, nutriment (lit & fig.). The term is used comprehensively and the usual enumn. comprises four kinds of nutriment, viz. (1) kabaḷiṅkāra āhāro (bodily nutriment, either oḷāriko gross, solid, or sukhumo fine), (2) phassāhāro n. of contact, (3) manosañcetanā° n. of volition (= cetanā S. A. on II.11 f.), (4) viññāṇ° of consciousness. Thus at M.I, 261; D.III, 228, 276; Dhs.71—73; Vism.341. Another definition of Dhammapāla’s refers it to the fourfold tasting as asita (eaten), pīta (drunk), khāyita (chewed), sāyita (tasted) food PvA.25. A synonym with mūla, hetu, etc. for cause, Yamaka, I.3; Yam. A (J.P.T.S., 1910—12) 54. See on term also Dhs.trsl. 30. — Vin.I, 84; D.I, 166; S.I, 172; II, 11, 13, 98 sq. (the 4 kinds, in detail); III, 54 (sa°); V, 64, 391; A.III, 51 (sukhass°), 79, 142 sq., 192 sq.; IV, 49, 108; V, 52 (the four), 108, 113 (avijjāya etc.), 116 (bhavataṇhāya), 269 sq. (nerayikānaṃ etc.); Sn.78, 165, 707, 747; Nd1 25; Ps.I, 22 (the four) 122 (id.), 55, 76 sq; Kvu 508; Pug.21, 55; Vbh.2, 13, 72, 89, 320, 383, 401 sq. (the four); Dhs.58, 121, 358, 646; Nett 31, 114, 124; DhsA.153, 401; DhA.I, 183 (°ṃ pacchindati to bring up food, to vomit); II, 87; VvA.118; PvA.14, 35, 112, 148 (utu° physical nutriment); Sdhp.100, 395, 406; A.V, 136 gives ten āhāra opposed to ten paripanthā. —an° without food, unfed M.I, 487 (aggi); S.III, 126; V, 105; Sn.985.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ahāra (अहार).—m A serpent of the Boa kind. 2 Embers. 3 Starching and ironing. v .

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āharā (आहरा) [or आहारा, āhārā].—m (hāra S) A ring of grass assuredly. (placed under a pitcher &c.)

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āhāra (आहार).—m (S) Food, victuals, provision. 2 Eating a meal; dining, supping &c. 3 The wonted power of eating: also the usual quantity or allowance of food. Ex. mājhā ā0 tuṭalā; tyācā dōna śērācā ā0; jasā ā0 vāḍhavāvā tasā vāḍhatō. 4 Embers; hot cinders. 5 A species of Boa. 6 Starching and ironing (of clothes). v . āhārīṃ asaṇēṃ g. of s. To be within one's power of management or compass of ability. (Lit. To be within one's usual quantity or allowance.) 2 To be within one's grasp or power;--used of persons. āhārīṃ paḍaṇēṃ or jāṇēṃ g. of o. To fall under the power of. āhārākhālīṃ or āhārīṃ āṇaṇēṃ To bring under one's power (of management &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āharā (आहरा).—m A ring of grass (placed under a pitcher).

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āhārā (आहारा).—m A ring of grass (placed under a pitcher).

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āhāra (आहार).—m Food, victuals, provision. Eat- ing a meal. Embers. āhārīṃ, asaṇēṃ Be within one's grasp or power. āhārī āpaṇēṃ Bring under one's power.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ahara (अहर).—a. Not taking away; so अहारिन् (ahārin).

-raḥ A pure quantity.

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Āhara (आहर).—a. (at the end of comp.) Bringing, fetching taking, seizing समित्कुशफलाहरैः (samitkuśaphalāharaiḥ) R.1.49.

-raḥ 1 Taking, seizing.

2) Accomplishing, performing.

3) Offering a sacrifice.

4) Drawing in breath, inhaling.

5) The air so inhaled.

6) Inspiration, breath inspired.

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Āhāra (आहार).—a. ([rā] or [rī] f.)

1) Bringing near, procuring, getting; भाराहारः कार्यवशात् (bhārāhāraḥ kāryavaśāt) Sk.

2) Going to fetch; अयं गच्छति भर्ता मे फलाहारो महावनम् (ayaṃ gacchati bhartā me phalāhāro mahāvanam) Mb.3.296.23.

-raḥ 1 Taking, fetching, or bringing near; निर्गतस्तु पुराद्वीरो भक्ष्याहारप्रचोदितः (nirgatastu purādvīro bhakṣyāhārapracoditaḥ) Rām.7.68.2.

2) Employing, using.

3) Taking food.

4) Food; (āharanti rasamasmādityāhāraḥ Sk.); °वृत्तिमकरोत् (vṛttimakarot) Pt.1 took his dinner; फलाहार, °वृत्तिः (phalāhāra, °vṛttiḥ) means of livelihood; भैक्षाहारः (bhaikṣāhāraḥ) living on alms; यवाहार, निराहार (yavāhāra, nirāhāra) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āhāra (आहार).—m. (1) some member of a ship's crew, men-tioned with nāvika and others Avadāna-śataka i.200.5; ii.61.9; evidently = āhāraka, q.v.; perhaps tower, compare Pali Jātaka (Pali) iv.159.16 (nāvaṃ) āharitvā gāmato, apparently having towed away from the village; compare also āharaṇa; (2) in Mahāvyutpatti 798 = Tibetan rgyud, usually = tantra; perhaps a mystic technique in general, or possibly bringing in in a more specific sense, see s.v. yamaka; (3) district, province: Mahā-Māyūrī 28; see Hultzsch, Aśoka, 163 n. 11; (4) āhāra, nt. = Sanskrit āhāra, m. food: Divyāvadāna 13.7 °raṃ, n. sg.; same Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.22.10. On āhāra-kṛtya see s.v. kṛtya (2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āhara (आहर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Breath inspired, inspiration. 2. Taking, seizing. E. āṅ before hṛ to take, ap aff.

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Āhāra (आहार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Food. 2. Taking, conveying. E. āṅ before hṛ to convey, ghaña aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āhara (आहर).—[-āhara], i. e. ā-hṛ + a, adj. Bringing, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 49.

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Āhāra (आहार).—i. e. ā-hṛ + a, m. Food, [Pañcatantra] 55, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahara (अहर):—[=a-hara] m. Name of an Asura, [Mahābhārata i, 2660] ([varia lectio] su-hara), [Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu, [Harivaṃśa 484] ([varia lectio] a-dūra).

3) Āhara (आहर):—[=ā-hara] a etc. See ā-√hṛ.

4) Āhāra (आहार):—[=ā-hāra] a etc. See ā-√hṛ.

5) Āhara (आहर):—[=ā-hara] [from ā-hṛ] 1. ā-hara mfn. ifc. bringing, fetching, [Raghuvaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. taking, seizing

7) [v.s. ...] accomplishing, offering (a sacrifice), [Mahābhārata; Kādambarī]

8) [v.s. ...] drawing in breath, inhaling

9) [v.s. ...] inhaled air

10) [v.s. ...] breath inspired, inspiration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] 2. ā-hara (2. sg. [imperative] forming irregular Tatpuruṣa compounds with the following words) :

12) Āhāra (आहार):—[=ā-hāra] [from ā-hṛ] b mf(ī)n. ifc. bringing near, procuring

13) [v.s. ...] being about to fetch, going to fetch, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] m. taking

15) [v.s. ...] fetching, bringing near, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] employing, use, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

17) [v.s. ...] taking food

18) [v.s. ...] food (e.g. ā-hāraṃ √1. kṛ, to take food, eat, [Mahābhārata] etc.)

19) [v.s. ...] livelihood, [Hitopadeśa; Pañcatantra; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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