Urdhvaloka, Ūrdhvaloka, Urdhva-loka: 10 definitions


Urdhvaloka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaloka in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—The “upper world” or ūrdhvaloka is above mount Meru. Starting from below, this world can be divided into the following heavens:

  1. kalpa,
  2. graiveyaka,
  3. anudiśa,
  4. anuttara,
  5. siddhakṣetra.

The Śvetāmbaras do not acknowledge the anudiśa. The heavens of graiveyakas, anudiśas and anuttaras are also known as Kalpātīta heavens.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक) refers to the “upper world”, according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Above this Human World, is the Upper World (i.e., ūrdhvaloka), magnificent, 7 rajjus high less 900 yojanas. In this there are 12 heavens: Saudharma, Īśāna, Sanatkumāra, Māhendra, Brahmaloka, Lāntaka, Śukra, Sahasrāra, Ānata, Prāṇata, Āraṇa, and Acyuta. The 9 Graiveyakas are as follows: Sudarśana, Suprabuddha, Manorama, above those Sarvabhadra, Suviśāla, Sumanas, and above those Saumanasa, Prītikara, and Āditya. Above those are the 5 named Anuttara. Beginning from the east the palaces are named Vijaya, Vaijayanta, Jayanta, Aparājita, and Sarvārthasiddhaka in the center. Twelve yojanas above is Siddhaśilā, 45 lacs of yojanas long and wide. Three gavyūtas immediately above, in the (upper) sixth part of the fourth gavyūta are the Siddhas at the end of Lokāgratā.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaloka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūrdhvalōka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—m (S) The worlds above; the several heavens. 2 (Popularly.) Swarga, the heaven of Indra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ūrdhvalōka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—m The world above, the heavens, the svarga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaloka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—the upper world, heaven.

Derivable forms: ūrdhvalokaḥ (ऊर्ध्वलोकः).

Ūrdhvaloka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūrdhva and loka (लोक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—[masculine] the upper world, heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक):—[=ūrdhva-loka] [from ūrdhva] m. the upper world, world above, heaven.

[Sanskrit to German]

Urdhvaloka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaloka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ūrdhvalōka (ಊರ್ಧ್ವಲೋಕ):—[noun] the region above the earth; the heaven.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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