Ahan, Āhañ, Āhan: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Ahan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āhañ (आहञ्).—Tad-affix (आह (āha)) in the general Śaiṣika senses, e.g. belonging to, produced in, etc., added to the word उत्तर (uttara), e.g. औत्तराह (auttarāha) cf. उत्तरादाहञ् वक्तव्यः। (uttarādāhañ vaktavyaḥ|) ; M.Bh. on IV.2.104.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Srimatham: History of Dharmaśāstra

Ahan (अहन्) refers to a “day”.—From very ancient times there were several ways of dividing the day. Sometimes the word ‘aha [ahaḥahan]’ is distinguished from night and sometimes it stands for the period from sunrise to sunrise (and includes day and night). For example, in Rig. VI.9.1 we have the dark day (i.e. night) and the bright day (i.e. the period when there is light). This part (viz. the period of sunlight) is divided some times into two parts viz. pūrvahṇa (period before noon) and aparāhṇa (the time after noon).—(Cf. Ṛgveda. X.34.11, Manusmṛti III.278.)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ahan (अहन्) refers to a “day”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Lunar and solar eclipses terminate in ten ways [...] These terminations of the lunar eclipse apply to those of the solar eclipse, the only difference being that where the east has been referred to in the former, it must be taken to mean the west in the latter. If, within seven days [i.e., sapta-ahan] from the termination of an eclipse there should occur a dust storm, mankind will suffer from starvation; if there should occur a fall of snow there will be fear from disease; if there should occur an earthquake, the chief rulers will die. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ahan.—(CII 3), ‘a day’; used to denote the solar, or more properly civil, day. Note: ahan is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ahan (अहन्).—n. [na jahāti na tyajati sarvathā parivartanaṃ, na hā-kanin Uṇ.1.55.] (Nom. ahaḥ, ahnī-ahanī, ahāni, ahnā, ahobhyām &c.; ahariti hanti pāpmānaṃ jahāti ca Śat. Br.)

1) A day (including day and night); अहः शब्दोऽपि अहोरात्रवचनः । रात्रिशब्दोऽपि (ahaḥ śabdo'pi ahorātravacanaḥ | rātriśabdo'pi) | ŚB. on MS.8.1.16. अघाहानि (aghāhāni) Ms.5.84.

2) Day time सव्यापारामहनि न तथा पीडयेन्मद्वियोगः (savyāpārāmahani na tathā pīḍayenmadviyogaḥ) Me.9; यदह्ना कुरुते पापम् (yadahnā kurute pāpam) by day; अग्निर्ज्योतिरहः शुक्लः (agnirjyotirahaḥ śuklaḥ) Bg.8.54.

3) The sky (as traversed by the sun); समारूढे च मध्यमह्नः सवितरि (samārūḍhe ca madhyamahnaḥ savitari) K.99; M.2.

4) A sacrificial or festival day.

5) A day's work.

6) Viṣṇu.

7) Night.

8) A portion of a book appointed for a day.

9) A day personified as one of the eight Vasus.

-nī (du.) Day and night (At the end of comp. ahan is changed to ahaḥ, ham or to ahna; see P.V.4.88-91; VI.3.11, VIII.4.7. Note: At the beginning of comp. it assumes the forms ahas or ahar; e. g. saptāhaḥ, ekāhaḥ, pūrvāhṇaḥ, aparāhṇaḥ puṇyāhaṃ, sudināhaṃ, ahaḥpatiḥ or aharpatiḥ &c. &c.).

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Āhan (आहन्).—2 P.

1) To strike, hit, beat; कुट्टिममाजघान (kuṭṭimamājaghāna) K. 1; परस्य शिर आहन्ति (parasya śira āhanti) Sk; Ś.7.17; दुर्जयान् करिणः (durjayān kariṇaḥ) ... आहन्यात् (āhanyāt) Kām.19.6; said to be Ātm. when the object is some limb of one's own body; आहते शिरः (āhate śiraḥ); but cf. आजघ्ने विषमविलोचनस्य वक्षः (ājaghne viṣamavilocanasya vakṣaḥ) Ki.17.63; so आहध्वं मा रघूत्तमम् (āhadhvaṃ mā raghūttamam); Bk.8.15,5.12 (see Sk. on P.I.3.28 also).

2) To strike, ring, beat (as a bell, drum &c.) तुमुलकलनिनादं तूर्यमाजध्नुरन्ये (tumulakalaninādaṃ tūryamājadhnuranye) Bk.1.27,17.7; Me.68; R.17.11.

3) To kill, slaughter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahan (अहन्).—m.

(-haḥ) A day. E. a neg. to leave, and kanin Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahan (अहन्).—ahan; several cases have as their base ahas, which is used also as former part of compound words, n. A day, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 23. Ved. ahā for ahāni, Chr. 289, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahan (अहन्).—[neuter] day. - ahanyahani & aharahas every day, daily. ubhe ahanī day and night.

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Āhan (आहन्).—strike at ([locative] or [dative], [Middle] strike a part of one’s own body); hit, beat, attack, assault.

Āhan is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and han (हन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ahan (अहन्):—n. the base of the weak and some other cases of ahar, q.v. e.g. [instrumental case] ahnā ([once ahanā, [Ṛg-veda i, 123, 4]])

2) [dative case] ahne

3) [locative case] ahan ([Vedic or Veda]) or ahani, or ahni, etc.

4) [nominative case] [dual number] ahanī (See also sub voce ahar) and [plural] ahāni

5) only [Vedic or Veda] are the middle cases of the [plural] ahabhyas ([Ṛg-veda]), ahabhis ([Ṛg-veda], nine times), and ahasu ([Ṛg-veda i, 124, 9]), while the later language forms them [from] the base ahas q.v.

6) Āhan (आहन्):—[=ā-√han] [Parasmaipada] -hanti ([imperative] ā-jahi, [Atharva-veda] etc.; [perfect tense] ā-jaghāna, [Ṛg-veda] etc.) [Ātmanepada] -hate (only if no object follows, [Pāṇini 1-3, 28], or if the object is a part of one’s own body, [Kātyāyana]; [Potential] 1. sg. -ghnīya, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 1-1, 62; Daśakumāra-carita])

—to strike at, hit, beat;

—to attack, assault, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.: ([Ātmanepada])

—to strike one’s self (or any part of one’s body), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pāṇini] and [commentator or commentary] [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

—to make away with one’s self, [Daśakumāra-carita 91, 15];

—to fasten, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to beat or cause to sound (a drum etc.), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] etc.:

—[Intensive] ā-jaṅghanti, [Ṛg-veda vi, 75, 13], to strike at or beat violently.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ahan (अहन्):—(hā) 5. m. A day.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ahan (अहन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇha, Aha, Aho, Āhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ahan in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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