Agrayana, aka: Āgrayaṇa, Āgrāyaṇa, Agrayaṇa, Agra-yana, Agrayāna; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Agrayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Agrayana in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—The fourth son of the Agni, Bhānu. (Śloka 13, Chapter 221, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).—A Pitṛ ritual; offering of śyāmāka and sugar;1 the first soma libation at the agniṣṭoma sacrifice.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 8.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Agrayana in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—An ancient scholar of Nirukta quoted by Yāska cf. अक्षि अष्टेः । अनक्तेरिति आग्रायणः (akṣi aṣṭeḥ | anakteriti āgrāyaṇaḥ) Nir. I.9.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Āgrayaṇa] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Āgrayaṇa.—(EI 7), the first Soma libation at the agniṣṭoma sacrifice; oblation consisting of first-fruits at the end of the rainy season. Note: āgrayaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agrayana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).—[agre ayanaṃ śasyāderyena karmaṇā pṛṣo° hrasvadīrghavyatyayaḥ]

1) The first Soma libation at the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice.

2) A form of Agni.

3) The time of the sacrifice.

4) See आग्रयणी (āgrayaṇī); नवाग्रयणपूजाभिरभ्यर्च्य पितृदेवताः (navāgrayaṇapūjābhirabhyarcya pitṛdevatāḥ) Rām.3.16.6; Bhāg.1.2.4.

-ṇakam, -ṇī 1 An oblation consisting of first fruits; see आग्रयणम् (āgrayaṇam).

-ṇam An oblation consisting of first fruits at the end of the rainy season (āśvinī pūrṇimā); आग्रयणं त्रिविधं श्यामाक°, व्रीहि°, यव°, यथापूर्वं वर्षासु शरदि वसन्ते च तत्करणोपदेशात् (āgrayaṇaṃ trividhaṃ śyāmāka°, vrīhi°, yava°, yathāpūrvaṃ varṣāsu śaradi vasante ca tatkaraṇopadeśāt) Ārya. S.; आग्रयणेनेष्ट्वा नवान्नं प्राश्नीयात् (āgrayaṇeneṣṭvā navānnaṃ prāśnīyāt) Ait. Br.; आग्रयणं व्रीहिश्यामा- कयवानाम् (āgrayaṇaṃ vrīhiśyāmā- kayavānām) Āśval.

Derivable forms: āgrayaṇaḥ (आग्रयणः).

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Agrayaṇa (अग्रयण).—[agram ayanāt uttarāyaṇāt ṇatvaṃ śakaṃ° tadvidhānakālo'sya ac (?) Tv.] a kind of sacrificial ceremony. See आग्रयण (āgrayaṇa).

Derivable forms: agrayaṇam (अग्रयणम्).

Agrayaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and yaṇa (यण).

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Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—a. [agre yānaṃ yasya, yā-lyuṭ] taking the lead, foremost.

-nam an army that stops in front to defy the enemy. मनोऽग्रयानं वचसा निरुक्तं नमामहे (mano'grayānaṃ vacasā niruktaṃ namāmahe) Bhāg.8.5.26.

Agrayāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and yāna (यान).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—(1) best vehicle, = mahāyāna: Vaj 30.6; also °nin, see -yānin; (2) n. of a Bodhisattva: Gv 442.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—n.

(-naṃ) Advancing before an army, for the purpose of defiance; military ardor or daring. E. agra and yāna going.

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Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A sacrifice offered when the new rice or wheat ripens. E. agra chief, ayana coming, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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