Agrayana, Āgrayaṇa, Āgrāyaṇa, Agrayaṇa, Agra-yana, Agrayāna: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Agrayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Agrayana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—The fourth son of the Agni, Bhānu. (Śloka 13, Chapter 221, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).—A Pitṛ ritual; offering of śyāmāka and sugar;1 the first soma libation at the agniṣṭoma sacrifice.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 8.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—An ancient scholar of Nirukta quoted by Yāska cf. अक्षि अष्टेः । अनक्तेरिति आग्रायणः (akṣi aṣṭeḥ | anakteriti āgrāyaṇaḥ) Nir. I.9.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण) refers to one of the seven Haviḥsaṃsthās or Haviryajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Āgrayaṇa] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Āgrayana (आग्रयन) refers to the ritual of “offering fresh cooked rice got from fresh wild rice to Gods” and represents one of the various rituals mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Āgrayana is one of the seven pākayajñas.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Agrayāna (अग्रयान) refers to the “highest vehicle”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] After that, by those magically conjured-up beings, during seven days, the women were brought to maturity, in the way that they attained the stage of not falling back from the supreme and perfect awakening. Then the five hundred widows, having come to the Bodhisatva Gaganagañja, uttered these verses: ‘(119) The nature of the dharma is empty, just as an illusion, and we did not know the essence of the dharma before. But you gave magically conjured-up husbands to us, thereby we were matured in the highest vehicle (agrayāna)’ [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āgrayaṇa.—(EI 7), the first Soma libation at the agniṣṭoma sacrifice; oblation consisting of first-fruits at the end of the rainy season. Note: āgrayaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).—[agre ayanaṃ śasyāderyena karmaṇā pṛṣo° hrasvadīrghavyatyayaḥ]

1) The first Soma libation at the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice.

2) A form of Agni.

3) The time of the sacrifice.

4) See आग्रयणी (āgrayaṇī); नवाग्रयणपूजाभिरभ्यर्च्य पितृदेवताः (navāgrayaṇapūjābhirabhyarcya pitṛdevatāḥ) Rām.3.16.6; Bhāgavata 1.2.4.

-ṇakam, -ṇī 1 An oblation consisting of first fruits; see आग्रयणम् (āgrayaṇam).

-ṇam An oblation consisting of first fruits at the end of the rainy season (āśvinī pūrṇimā); आग्रयणं त्रिविधं श्यामाक°, व्रीहि°, यव°, यथापूर्वं वर्षासु शरदि वसन्ते च तत्करणोपदेशात् (āgrayaṇaṃ trividhaṃ śyāmāka°, vrīhi°, yava°, yathāpūrvaṃ varṣāsu śaradi vasante ca tatkaraṇopadeśāt) Ārya. S.; आग्रयणेनेष्ट्वा नवान्नं प्राश्नीयात् (āgrayaṇeneṣṭvā navānnaṃ prāśnīyāt) Ait. Br.; आग्रयणं व्रीहिश्यामा- कयवानाम् (āgrayaṇaṃ vrīhiśyāmā- kayavānām) Āśval.

Derivable forms: āgrayaṇaḥ (आग्रयणः).

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Agrayaṇa (अग्रयण).—[agram ayanāt uttarāyaṇāt ṇatvaṃ śakaṃ° tadvidhānakālo'sya ac (?) Tv.] a kind of sacrificial ceremony. See आग्रयण (āgrayaṇa).

Derivable forms: agrayaṇam (अग्रयणम्).

Agrayaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and yaṇa (यण).

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Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—a. [agre yānaṃ yasya, yā-lyuṭ] taking the lead, foremost.

-nam an army that stops in front to defy the enemy. मनोऽग्रयानं वचसा निरुक्तं नमामहे (mano'grayānaṃ vacasā niruktaṃ namāmahe) Bhāgavata 8.5.26.

Agrayāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and yāna (यान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—(1) best vehicle, = mahāyāna: Vajracchedikā 30.6; also °nin, see -yānin; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: Gaṇḍavyūha 442.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrayāna (अग्रयान).—n.

(-naṃ) Advancing before an army, for the purpose of defiance; military ardor or daring. E. agra and yāna going.

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Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) A sacrifice offered when the new rice or wheat ripens. E. agra chief, ayana coming, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).— (from agra). I. n. Offering of new grain, Mahābhārata 3, 14188, and in the vedic literature; in the classic books it is spelled āgrāyaṇa, e. g. [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 22, 6; [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 25; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 10, Lois. Ii. m. A name of Agni.

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Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण).—see āgrayaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण).—[masculine] firstling (a cert. Soma-libation); [feminine] ī & [neuter] oblation of firstlings or firstfruits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—śr. Paris. (D 154 b).

2) Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण):—grammarian. Quoted by Yāska 1, 9. 6, 13. 10, 8.

3) Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण):—śr. Cs. 414 (inc.). L. 4032.
—Hiraṇyak. by Gopīnātha. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 56.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrayāna (अग्रयान):—[=agra-yāna] [from agra] n. stepping in front to defy the enemy.

2) [v.s. ...] the first vehicle, [Buddhist literature]

3) Āgrayaṇa (आग्रयण):—[from āgrabhojanika] m. ([from] agra), the first Soma libation at the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice (See graha), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a form of Agni, [Mahābhārata iii, 14188 seqq.]

5) [from āgrabhojanika] n. oblation consisting of first-fruits at the end of the rainy season, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc., [Manu-smṛti vi, 10, etc.]

6) Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण):—[from āgrabhojanika] 1. āgrāyaṇa m. ([gana] naḍādi q.v.) ‘descendant of Agra’, Name of a grammarian, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Dārbhāyaṇa, [Pāṇini 4-2, 102.]

8) [v.s. ...] 2. āgrāyaṇa n. ([Pāṇini 5-4, 36] [commentator or commentary]) = āgrayaṇa n. above, [Kāṭhaka; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

9) [v.s. ...] ([varia lectio] for āgray, [Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya i, 125, etc.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrayāna (अग्रयान):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) Advancing before an army, for the purpose of defiance. E. agra and yāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrayāna (अग्रयान):—[agra-yāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Going before the army to defy or attack.

2) Āgrāyaṇa (आग्रायण):—[ā-grāyaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Sacrifice on the ripening of corn or rice.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agrayana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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