Aham, Ahaṃ, Ahaṁ: 11 definitions
Aham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ahm.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ahaṃ : (nom. sing. of amha) I.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ahaṃ, (prom.) (Vedic ahaṃ = Av. az∂m; Gr. e)gw/(n); Lat. ego; Goth. ik, Ags. ic, Ohg. ih etc.) pron. of 1st person “I”. ‹-› Nom. sg. ahaṃ S.III, 235; A.IV, 53; Dh.222, 320; Sn.172, 192, 685, 989, 1054, 1143; J.I, 61; II, 159. — In pregnant sense (my ego, myself, I as the one & only, i. e. egotistically) in foll. phrases: yaṃ vadanti mama . . na te ahaṃ S.I, 116, 123; ahaṃ asmi “I am” (cp. ahaṃkāra below) S.I, 129; III, 46, 128 sq.; IV, 203; A.II, 212, 215 sq.; Vism.13; ahaṃ pure ti “I am the first” Vv 8450 (= ahamahaṃkārā ti VvA.351). — Gen. Dat. mayhaṃ Sn.431, 479; J.I, 279; II, 160, mama S.I, 115; Sn.22, 23, 341, 997; J.II, 159, & mamaṃ S.I, 116; Sn.253 (= mama C.), 694, 982. — Instr. mayā Sn.135, 336, 557, 982; J.I, 222, 279. — Acc. maṃ Sn.356, 366, 425, 936; J.II, 159; III, 26, & mamaṃ J.III, 55, 394. — Loc. mayi Sn.559; J III 188. The enclitic form in the sg. is me, & func- tions in diff. cases, as Gen. (Sn.983; J.II, 159), Acc. (Sn.982), Instr. (J.I, 138, 222), & Abl. — Pl. Nom. mayaṃ (we) Sn.31, 91, 167, 999; J.II, 159; VI, 365, amhe J.II, 129, & vayaṃ (q. v.). — Gen. amhākaṃ J.I, 221; II, 159 & asmākaṃ Sn.p. 106. — Acc. amhe J.I, 222; II, 415 & asme J.III, 359. — Instr. amhehi J.I, 150; II, 417 & asmābhi ThA.153 (Ap. 132). — Loc. amhesu J.I, 222. ‹-› The enclitic form for the pl. is no (for Acc. dat & Gen.): see under vayaṃ.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ahaṃ (अहं).—pron S I. Ex. tō ahaṃ mhaṇūna basalā āhē.
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ahaṃ (अहं).—ind Interjection expressing disapprobation, dissent &c.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aham (अहम्).— (see asmad). Former part of many compound words, implying the first person, e. g. ahaṃkāra, see above; aham-pūrva, see pūrva.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aham (अहम्).—([pronoun]) I; soham I here.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aham (अहम्):—[nominative case] sg., ‘I’ [Ṛg-veda] etc.
2) = ahaṃkaraṇa q.v., (hence declinable [genitive case] ahamas, etc.), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) [Zend] aSem; [Greek] ἐγώ; [Gothic] ik; [modern] [German] ich; [Lithuanian] asz; [Slavonic or Slavonian] az.
4) Ahaṃ (अहं):—[from aham] (in [compound] for aham).
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Ahaṃ (अहं) [Also spelled ahm]:—(nm) ego; ~[bhāva] ego, egoism; ~[vāda/~vāditā] egoism; ~[vādī] egoist(ic); -[vṛtti] egoinstinct.
2) Aham in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) important, significant..—aham (अहम) is alternatively transliterated as Ahama.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the concept of self, that gives the sense of individuality; the individual as self-aware; the ego.
2) [noun] constant, excessive reference to oneself in speaking or writing; an exaggerated opinion of oneself, one’s merits, etc.; conceit; egotism.
3) [noun] (psych.) that part of the psyche which is regarded as the reservoir of the instinctual drives and the source of psychic energy, which is dominated by the pleasure principle and irrational wishing, and its impulses are controlled through the development of the ego and superego; id.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
Tamil dictionarySource: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon
Aham (அஹம்) pronominal < aham nominative singular of asmat. I; நான். இவன் அஹமென்றால் ராவணாதி கள் நான் என்றாற்போலே பிறருடைய நானைத் தவிர்த்துக்கொண்டிறே யிருப்பது [nan. ivan ahamenral ravanathi kal nan enrarpole pirarudaiya nanaith thavirthukkondire yiruppathu] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 1, 2, 3).
Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+102): Ahama, Ahamada, Ahamagrika, Ahamahamia, Ahamahamiga, Ahamahamigaya, Ahamahamika, Ahamahamike, Ahamak, Ahamaka, Ahamamti, Ahamantim, Ahamati, Ahambhadra, Ahambhava, Ahambrahmatva, Ahambuddhi, Ahamcandrasuri, Ahamdala, Ahamdhi.
Ends with (+57): Adashaham, Adehadaham, Adhivivaham, Aharaham, Alijaham, Anaham, Anucinaham, Anupancaham, Anvaham, Atyaham, Avagraham, Bajaham, Baramaham, Braham, Chaham, Daham, Dahnulefaham, Dvyaham, Ekaham, Emtaham.
Full-text (+369): Ahamyu, Ahambhadra, Ahamnaman, Ahamahamika, Ahamdhi, Ahamvadin, Niraham, Ahambuddhi, Ahamkrita, Atyaham, Ahamkara, Ahakam, Ahamkarana, Ahammana, Ahamkriya, Ahamyati, Ahamkarin, Nirahammati, Ahamuttara, Nirahammana.
Search found 143 books and stories containing Aham, Ahaṃ, Ahaṁ; (plurals include: Ahams, Ahaṃs, Ahaṁs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.183.3 < [Sukta 183]
Rig Veda 10.125.2 < [Sukta 125]
Rig Veda 10.49.5 < [Sukta 49]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 1.6.51 < [Chapter 6 - Description of Kaṃsa’s Strength]
Verse 2.23.10 < [Chapter 23 - The Killing of Śaṅkhacūḍa During the Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Verse 4.11.15 < [Chapter 11 - The Story of the Gopīs that were Residents of...]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verses 9.16-19 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
Verse 10.21 < [Chapter 10 - Vibhūti-yoga (appreciating the opulences of the Supreme Lord)]
Verse 16.14 < [Chapter 16 - Daivāsura-sampada-yoga]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 64 [Jīva, Aham and Idam] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 56 [Ambā, the Lustre of that lustrous Īśvara] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 61 [Macrocosmic form of Ambā] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]