Aham, Ahaṃ, Ahaṁ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Aham means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ahm.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ahaṃ : (nom. sing. of amha) I.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ahaṃ, (prom.) (Vedic ahaṃ = Av. az∂m; Gr. e)gw/(n); Lat. ego; Goth. ik, Ags. ic, Ohg. ih etc.) pron. of 1st person “I”. ‹-› Nom. sg. ahaṃ S.III, 235; A.IV, 53; Dh.222, 320; Sn.172, 192, 685, 989, 1054, 1143; J.I, 61; II, 159. — In pregnant sense (my ego, myself, I as the one & only, i. e. egotistically) in foll. phrases: yaṃ vadanti mama . . na te ahaṃ S.I, 116, 123; ahaṃ asmi “I am” (cp. ahaṃkāra below) S.I, 129; III, 46, 128 sq.; IV, 203; A.II, 212, 215 sq.; Vism.13; ahaṃ pure ti “I am the first” Vv 8450 (= ahamahaṃkārā ti VvA.351). — Gen. Dat. mayhaṃ Sn.431, 479; J.I, 279; II, 160, mama S.I, 115; Sn.22, 23, 341, 997; J.II, 159, & mamaṃ S.I, 116; Sn.253 (= mama C.), 694, 982. — Instr. mayā Sn.135, 336, 557, 982; J.I, 222, 279. — Acc. maṃ Sn.356, 366, 425, 936; J.II, 159; III, 26, & mamaṃ J.III, 55, 394. — Loc. mayi Sn.559; J III 188. The enclitic form in the sg. is me, & func- tions in diff. cases, as Gen. (Sn.983; J.II, 159), Acc. (Sn.982), Instr. (J.I, 138, 222), & Abl. — Pl. Nom. mayaṃ (we) Sn.31, 91, 167, 999; J.II, 159; VI, 365, amhe J.II, 129, & vayaṃ (q. v.). — Gen. amhākaṃ J.I, 221; II, 159 & asmākaṃ Sn.p. 106. — Acc. amhe J.I, 222; II, 415 & asme J.III, 359. — Instr. amhehi J.I, 150; II, 417 & asmābhi ThA.153 (Ap. 132). — Loc. amhesu J.I, 222. ‹-› The enclitic form for the pl. is no (for Acc. dat & Gen.): see under vayaṃ.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ahaṃ (अहं).—pron S I. Ex. tō ahaṃ mhaṇūna basalā āhē.

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ahaṃ (अहं).—ind Interjection expressing disapprobation, dissent &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aham (अहम्).— (see asmad). Former part of many compound words, implying the first person, e. g. ahaṃkāra, see above; aham-pūrva, see pūrva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aham (अहम्).—([pronoun]) I; soham I here.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aham (अहम्):—[nominative case] sg., ‘I’ [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) = ahaṃkaraṇa q.v., (hence declinable [genitive case] ahamas, etc.), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [Zend] aSem; [Greek] ἐγώ; [Gothic] ik; [modern] [German] ich; [Lithuanian] asz; [Slavonic or Slavonian] az.

4) Ahaṃ (अहं):—[from aham] (in [compound] for aham).

[Sanskrit to German]

Aham in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Ahaṃ (अहं) [Also spelled ahm]:—(nm) ego; ~[bhāva] ego, egoism; ~[vāda/~vāditā] egoism; ~[vādī] egoist(ic); -[vṛtti] egoinstinct.

2) Aham in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) important, significant..—aham (अहम) is alternatively transliterated as Ahama.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ahaṃ (ಅಹಂ):—

1) [noun] the concept of self, that gives the sense of individuality; the individual as self-aware; the ego.

2) [noun] constant, excessive reference to oneself in speaking or writing; an exaggerated opinion of oneself, one’s merits, etc.; conceit; egotism.

3) [noun] (psych.) that part of the psyche which is regarded as the reservoir of the instinctual drives and the source of psychic energy, which is dominated by the pleasure principle and irrational wishing, and its impulses are controlled through the development of the ego and superego; id.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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