Atha: 19 definitions


Atha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aath.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Atha (अथ).—Uṇādi affix अथ (atha) prescribed in Uṇādi Sūtras 393-396 e.g. see शपथ, अवभृथ, आवसथ (śapatha, avabhṛtha, āvasatha) ctc.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Atha in India is the name of a plant defined with Annona reticulata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Annona reticulata Sieber ex A. DC. (among others).

2) Atha is also identified with Annona squamosa It has the synonym Xylopia glabra L. (etc.).

3) Atha is also identified with Chrysophyllum roxburghii It has the synonym Donella lanceolatum var. stellatocarpon (P. Royen) X.Y. Chang (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fitoterapia (2005)
· Florae Fluminensis Icones (1831)
· Histoire des Plantes (1891)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1844)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (1837)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Atha, for example pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

atha : (ind.) then; and also.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Atha, (indecl.) (Sk. atha, cp. atho) copulative & adversative part. 1. after positive clauses, in enumerations, in the beginning & continuation of a story: and, and also, or; and then, now D. II, 2; III, 152, 199 (athâparaṃ etad avoca); M. I, 435; Sn. 1006, 1007, 1017; Sn. p. 126 (athâparaṃ etad avoca: and further, something else); Dh. 69, 119, 377; J. II, 158; Pv. II, 64; PvA. 3, 8 (atha na and not), 70.—2. after negative clauses: but M. I, 430; Sn. 990, 1047; Dh. 85, 136, 387; PvA. 68. Often combd. with other part. , e.g. atha kho (pos. & neg.) now, and then; but, rather, moreover Vin. I, 1; D. I, 141, 167, 174; A. V, 195; PvA. 79, 221, 251. na-atha kho na neither-nor PvA. 28. atha kho pana and yet D. I, 139. atha ca pana on the other hand J. I, 279. atha vā or (after prec. ca), nor (after prec. na) Sn. 134; Dh. 140, 271; Pv. I, 41; II, 14. athā vā pi Sn. 917, 921. (Page 25)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atha (अथ).—ind S An auspicious and inceptive particle, placed at the head of the first line of a book; denoting commencement, as our Finis denotesconclusion. It serves to introduce a remark, question &c.; and corresponds to Therefore, thus, further, afterwards, moreover. athapāsūna itiparyanta From beginning to end, throughout.

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āṭha (आठ).—a (aṣṭa S) Eight. Pr. āṭhīṃ jēvaṇēṃ maṭhīṃ nidrā Used of one who subsists amongst the eight (i. e. the people--who obtains a meal daily, in rotation, from charitable persons) and sleeps anywhere; an idle vagabond.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āṭha (आठ).—a Eight. āṭha purabhayyē naū caukē Nine ovens for eight men i. e. disunited, unable to form a compact body. āḍha hāta lāṅkūḍa va naū hāta dhalapī Exaggeration. āṭhīṃ jēvaṇēṃ maṭhīṃ nidrā (Spoken of one who subsists on charity and sleeps any- where i. e. an idle vagabond).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atha (अथ).—(Ved. athā) ind. [arth-ḍa, pṛṣoda° ralopaḥ Tv.]

1) A particle used at the beginning (of works) mostly as a sign of auspiciousness, and translated by 'here', 'now' (begins) (maṅgala, ārambha, adhikāra) (Properly speaking 'auspiciousness' or maṅgala is not the sense of atha, but the very utterance or hearing of the word is considered to be indicative of auspiciousness, as the word is supposed to have emanated from the throat of Brahmā oṃkāraścāthaśabdaśca dvāvetau brahmaṇaḥ purā | kaṇṭhaṃ bhittvā viniryātau tena māṅgalikāvubhau || and therefore we find in Śāṅkara Bhāṣya arthāntaraprayuktaḥ athaśabdaḥ śrutyā maṅgalamāracayati); अथ निर्वचनम् (atha nirvacanam); अथ योगानुशासनम् (atha yogānuśāsanam); अथेदं प्रारभ्यते द्वितीयं तन्त्रम् (athedaṃ prārabhyate dvitīyaṃ tantram) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2. (usually followed by iti at the end, iti prathamo'ṅkaḥ here ends &c.).

2) Then, afterwards (ānantarya) अथ प्रजानामधिपः प्रभाते (atha prajānāmadhipaḥ prabhāte) R.2.1; often as a correlative of यदि (yadi) or चेत् (cet); न चेन्मुनिकुमारोऽयं अथ कोऽस्य व्यपदेशः (na cenmunikumāro'yaṃ atha ko'sya vyapadeśaḥ) Ś.7; मुहूर्तादुपरि उपाध्याय- श्चेदागच्छेत् अथ त्वं छन्दोऽधीष्व (muhūrtādupari upādhyāya- ścedāgacchet atha tvaṃ chando'dhīṣva) P.III.3.9. Sk.

3) If, supposing, now if, in case, but if (pakṣāntara); अथ कौतुक- मावेदयामि (atha kautuka- māvedayāmi) K.144, अथ तु वेत्सि शुचि व्रतमात्मनः पतिकुले तव दास्यमपि क्षमम् (atha tu vetsi śuci vratamātmanaḥ patikule tava dāsyamapi kṣamam) || Ś.5.27; अथ मरणमवश्यमेव जन्तोः किमिति मुधा मलिनं यशः कुरुध्वे (atha maraṇamavaśyameva jantoḥ kimiti mudhā malinaṃ yaśaḥ kurudhve) Ve.3.6. अथ गृह्णाति (atha gṛhṇāti) Ś.7; Kumārasambhava 5.45; Mu.3.25; Kirātārjunīya 1.44; अथ चास्तमिता त्वमात्मना (atha cāstamitā tvamātmanā) R.8.51 while, but, on the other hand; oft followed by ततः (tataḥ) or तथापि (tathāpi), Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.26;12.9,11; अथ चेत् (atha cet) but if Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2. 33;18.58.

4) And, so also, likewise (samuccaya); गणितमथ कलां वैशिकीम् (gaṇitamatha kalāṃ vaiśikīm) Mṛcchakaṭika 1. मातृष्वसा मातुलानि श्वश्रूरथ पितृष्वसा । संपूज्या गुरुपत्नीवत् समास्ता गुरुभार्यया (mātṛṣvasā mātulāni śvaśrūratha pitṛṣvasā | saṃpūjyā gurupatnīvat samāstā gurubhāryayā) || Manusmṛti 2.1.31; भीमोऽथार्जुनः (bhīmo'thārjunaḥ) G.M.

5) Used in asking or introducing questions (praśna) oft. with the interrogative word itself; अथ सा तत्रभवती किमाख्यम्य राजर्षेः पत्नी (atha sā tatrabhavatī kimākhyamya rājarṣeḥ patnī) Ś.7; अर्थवान् खलु मे राजशब्दः । अथ भगवाँल्लोकानुग्रहाय कुशली काश्यपः (arthavān khalu me rājaśabdaḥ | atha bhagavāṃllokānugrahāya kuśalī kāśyapaḥ) Ś.5; अथ शक्नोषि भोक्तुम् (atha śaknoṣi bhoktum) G. M.; अथात्रभवति कथमित्थंभूता (athātrabhavati kathamitthaṃbhūtā) M.5; अथ केन प्रयुक्तोऽयं पापं चरति पूरुषः (atha kena prayukto'yaṃ pāpaṃ carati pūruṣaḥ) | Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.36; अथ भवन्तमन्तरेण कीदृशोऽस्या दृष्टिरागः (atha bhavantamantareṇa kīdṛśo'syā dṛṣṭirāgaḥ) Ś.2; अथ माडव्यं प्रति किमेवं प्रयुक्तम् (atha māḍavyaṃ prati kimevaṃ prayuktam) Ś.6 (atha may in these two sentences mean 'but').

6) Totality, entirety (kārtsnya); अथ धर्मं व्याख्यास्यामः (atha dharmaṃ vyākhyāsyāmaḥ) G. M. we shall explain the whole धर्म (dharma) (dharma in all its details.) Śi;7.75.

7) Doubt, uncertainty (saṃśaya, vikalpa); शब्दो नित्यो ऽथानित्यः (śabdo nityo 'thānityaḥ) G. M. The senses of अथ (atha) usually given by lexicographers are :-अथोऽथ स्यातां समुच्चये । मङ्गले संशयारम्भा- धिकारानन्तरेषु च । अन्वादेशे प्रतिज्ञायां प्रश्नसाकल्ययोरपि (atho'tha syātāṃ samuccaye | maṅgale saṃśayārambhā- dhikārānantareṣu ca | anvādeśe pratijñāyāṃ praśnasākalyayorapi) || Some of these senses are indentical with those in (1), while some are not in general use.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Atha (अथ).—followed by khalu, tarhi, or evaṃ (= Pali atha, and atha kho; seems not used in this sense in Sanskrit), after a negative clause: atha khalu (not…) but rather, German sondern Mahāvastu ii.161.15, 18; 162.1, 3; atha tarhi, id., Lalitavistara 19.11, 16, 20; 20.3; atha evaṃ anyatra Mahāvastu iii.66.8 and 15 (see s.v. anyatra, 1), but rather, on the contrary…

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atha (अथ).—ind. An auspicious and inceptive particle; it serves to introduce a remark, a question, an affirmation, &c. and corresponds to. 1. After. 2. And 3. Now, (inceptive or premising) 4. What, (interrogatively) 5. All, (comprehensively) 6. Therefore, thus, further, moreover, &c. It also implies doubt or command, and is frequently redundant. E. artha to ask, ḍa affix, and ra is dropped, also atho.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atha (अथ).—[a + tha] (probably for athā, Ved. cf. idam), adv. 1. Then, [Nala] 17, 35. 2. Now, at the beginning of works and parts of works. 3. But, [Nala] 22, 13. 4. In conditional sentences: If, atha tān nānu gacchāmi gamiṣyāmi yamakṣayam, ‘if I do not follow them, I shall go to the house of death,’ [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 60, 3.

— With following u, (atho): 1. afterwards, then, Chr. 56, 11. 2. and, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 430. 3. even, Chr. 3, 1; and 23, 28.

— With following api, nevertheless, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 29, 7.

— With following vā: 1. or also, or, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 219. [Pañcatantra] i, [distich] 399, vātha instead of vātha vā (cf. [Pañcatantra] iii, [distich] 36. atho vā, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 202). 2. or even, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 10. 3. but no, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 60, 18. 4. it is particularly used to introduce sentences: for, [Pañcatantra] 26, 14.

— With following kim: yes, well (in dialogue, cf. ).

— Cf. [Latin] at.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atha (अथ).—[adverb] then, now; therefore, accordingly; further, also; however, but (often merely expletive). At the beginning of books or sections of books = now beginneth ([opposed] iti q.v.). Often followed by atas (athātas), api (athāpi), u (atho), gha, tu, punar, etc.

atha vā ([rarely] atha alone or vātha) or, or rather, but, however, or if, even. atha vā—atha vā either or. atha kim how else?, i.e. of course. atha kimu so much the more.

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Athā (अथा).—[adverb] then, now; therefore, accordingly; further, also; however, but (often merely expletive). At the beginning of books or sections of books = now beginneth ([opposed] iti q.v.). Often followed by atas (athātas), api (athāpi), u (atho), gha, tu, punar, etc.

atha ([rarely] atha alone or vātha) or, or rather, but, however, or if, even. atha vā—atha vā either or. atha kim how else?, i.e. of course. atha kimu so much the more.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atha (अथ):—ind. (or [Vedic or Veda] athā) (probably [from] [pronominal] base a) an auspicious and inceptive particle (not easily expressed in English), now

2) then

3) moreover

4) rather

5) certainly

6) but

7) else

8) what? how else? etc.

9) Athā (अथा):—ind. atha (or [Vedic or Veda] athā) (probably [from] [pronominal] base a) an auspicious and inceptive particle (not easily expressed in English), now

10) then

11) moreover

12) rather

13) certainly

14) but

15) else

16) what? how else? etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atha (अथ):—ind. An inceptive and auspicious particle. It serves to introduce the beginning of a work, a chapter, a sentence and with respect to the latter may imply doubt or interrogation or may serve as a conjunctive or disjunctive particle. It may be accompanied by those particles or words which themselves are used in the same sense, giving them greater emphasis, especially by u, atas, anantaram, kim, tu, punar, vā, kimu, api. Without or with these particles atha corresponds therefore with:

1) Now (inceptive or premising); in the same sense but with greater emphasis atho (atha and u), athātas, athānantaram.

2) Why? what? (interrogatively and doubtingly); (likewise athavā.)

3) How else? certainly; (in the same sense athakim.)

4) But, on the contrary; (in the same sense atha tu, atha punar.)

5) Or, or rather; (likewise athavā, athavāpi, athāpi vā &c.)

6) Moreover, so much the more, therefore, thus; (likewise athaca, athāpi, atho api, atha kimu.) In the Vedas there occurs also the protracted form athā which seems to be the more original one; (cf. tathā and yathā). E. According to the native authorities from arth, kṛt aff. ḍa with r being dropped; but it is more probably derived from a, the pron. theme which is considered as a substitute for idam (pointing to what follows), taddh. aff. tha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atha (अथ):—athau conj. An auspicious and inceptive particle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atha (अथ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aṭha (अठ) [Also spelled ath]:—(a) an allomorph of [āṭha] used as the first member of a compound word; ~[mā(vāṃ)sā] a ceremony performed in or about the eighth month of a woman’s pregnancy; a premature child born in the eighth month of pregnancy; ~[vāḍā] ([]) a span of eight days.

2) Atha (अथ) [Also spelled ath]:—(nm) the beginning, commencement; an auspicious and inceptive particle, now, then; ~[ca] besides, moreover; —[se iti taka] from beginning to end.

3) Āṭha (आठ) [Also spelled aath]:—(a) eight; (nm) the number eight; -[āṭha āṃsū ronā] to cry one’s heart out, to shed floods of tears; [āṭhoṃ gāṃṭha kummaita] every inch a crook; —[pahara cauṃsaṭha ghaḍī] day in and day out.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atha (ಅಥ):—[noun] beginning; commencement; ಅಥದಿಂದ ಇತಿಯವರೆಗೆ [athadimda itiyavarege] athadinda itiyavarege from beginning to end; completely; entirely; thoroughly.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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