Aguru: 13 definitions



Aguru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Aguru (अगुरु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—The tree of Aguru grows in the north-eastern region of India. The fragrant substance is produced by insects whereby the wood becomes heavy. It tops the list of uṣṇavīrya-dravyas.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aguru (अगुरु) refers to the “fragrant Aloe wood”, which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] with the offering of Bilva leaves alone, the worship shall be performed. Then scented powders, sweetsmelling oil etc. of various sorts shall be offered to Śiva with great joy. Then incense, Guggulu (the fragrant gum resin) and Aguru (the fragrant Aloe wood) shall be offered”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Aguru (अगुरु) represents the food taken in the month Bhādrapada for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In the Bhādrapada, the tooth-brush is that of kadaṃba-wood. The food taken is aguru. The deity to be worshipped is Sadyojāta. The flowers used in worship are dhattūra. The naivedya offerings is śālibhakta. The result accrued equals all sacrifices.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु).—a. [na. ta.]

1) Not heavy,light.

2) (In prosody) Short.

3) Having no teacher.

4) One different from a teacher.

-ru n. (m. also) [न गुरुर्यस्मात् (na gururyasmāt)]

1) The fragrant aloe wood and tree; Aquiluria Agallocha.

2) That which yields Bdellium, Amyris Agallocha.

3) The Śiśu tree (śiṃśapā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु).—(a-guru) (= Pali agaru), not offensive, not troublesome: yadi te aguru Avadāna-śataka i.94.3 (Pali sace te agaru); saced… asty aguru i.229.6 and 230.1, 9; saced…(gen. of person) aguru, ii.90.12, if you don't mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु).—mn. (-ruḥ-ru) 1. A fragrant wood, aloe wood, or agallochum, (Aquilaria agallocha, Rox.) 2. Another tree which produces Bede llium, (Amyris agallocha.) 3. A timber tree, commonly Sisu, (Dalbergia sisu, Rox.) mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-rū or -rvī-ru) Light, not heavy. E. a priv. and guru heavy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु).—[a-guru]. I. adj. Short. Ii. n. Aloe wood (Aquilaria Agallocum Roxb. )

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु).—[adjective] not heavy; light, short (prosod.): [masculine] [neuter] aloe wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aguru (अगुरु):—[=a-guru] mfn. not heavy, light

2) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) short as a short vowel alone or before a single consonant

3) [v.s. ...] mn. the fragrant Aloe wood and tree, Aquilaria Agallocha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-ruḥ-ruḥ or or rvī-ru) 1) Not heavy, light.

2) Short (as a syllable). Ii. m. n.

(-ruḥ-ru) 1) A fragrant wood, aloe wood, or agallochum (Aquilaria agallocha, Rox.).

2) The balsam tree from which is produced Bdellium (Amyris agallocha).

3) A timber tree, commonly Sisū (Dalbergia sisu, Rox.). E. a neg. and guru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aguru (अगुरु):—[(ruḥ-ru)] 2. m. n. A fragrant wood.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aguru (अगुरु):—(3. a + guru)

1) adj. a) nicht schwer, leicht [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 328.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 520.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 112.] — b) kurz (Silbe) [Śrutabodha 8.] [?(BR. 10.).] —

2) subst. Name verschiedener Pflanzen: Amyris Agallocha m. n. [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 28] * [Śabdakalpadruma] trennt nicht, und wohl mit Recht, kālāgurvaguruḥ von den in der vorhergehenden Zeile aufgeführten Worten. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 640.] n. [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 112.] Aquilaria ovata, Agallocha, [Suśruta] Dalbergia Sissoo (śiṃśapā) [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 43.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 112.] agurūṇi [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 22, 9.] dhūpaiścāgurugandhibhiḥ [1, 33, 13.] saṃnaddhāścandanāgurubhūṣitāḥ [2, 16, 34.] rājamārgaṃ yayau rāmo madhyenāgurudhūpitam [2, 17, 2.] agurudhūpa [5, 13, 16.] citāmudārāgurusaṃyuktām [6, 96, 8.] — Vgl. agaru, aguruśiṃśapā und laghu .

--- OR ---

Aguru (अगुरु):—

3) [Rājanirghaṇṭa 12, 89.] [Suśruta 1, 138, 5. 2, 185, 10. 550, 14.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aguru (अगुरु):——

1) Adj. — a) nicht schwer , leicht. — b) prosodisch kurz.

2) m. n. — a) Amyris Agallocha , Aloeholz (sehr wohlriechend). — b) *Dalbergia Sissoo.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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