Agrya: 14 definitions


Agrya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Agrya (अग्र्य).—A region of the pātāla; the soil with the gold colour.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2 and 3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Agrya (अग्र्य) refers to “greatest” and is mentioned in verse 3.7 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] strength (is) greatest [viz., agrya] in the cold season and little in monsoon and summer, but middling in the remaining two (seasons). In a strong (man) the (digestive) fire is strong during -winter because of its obstruction by cold”.

Note: Agrya (“greatest”) itself a superlative, has been degraded to the positive che(-ba) (“great”), of which thsa (C) and thse (D) are mere corruptions.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Agrya (अग्र्य) refers to “chief” or “greatest”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 10), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Saturn (śanaiścara) [i.e., Arkaputra] should lie through the constellation of Uttarāṣādha, the people of Daśārṇa, the Yavanas, the people of Ujjain, barbarians, the people of Pāriyātra and the Kuntibhojas will suffer. If the course of Saturn should lie through Śravaṇa public officials, the chief Brāhmins [i.e., vipra-agrya], physicians, priests and the people of Kaliṅga will suffer miseries. If his course should lie through Dhaniṣṭhā, the ruler of Magadha will become triumphant and treasury officers will prosper”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—a. [agre jātaḥ, agra-yat]

1) Foremost, best, choicest, most essential or important, highest, pre-eminent, first; तदङ्गमग्र्यं मघवन् महाक्रतोः (tadaṅgamagryaṃ maghavan mahākratoḥ) R.3.46.; °महिषी (mahiṣī) 1.66; उपेयुषः स्वामपि मूर्तिमग्र्याम् (upeyuṣaḥ svāmapi mūrtimagryām) 6.73,8.28,14.19,18.39, Ku. 7.78, Manusmṛti 5.166,12.3; अद्याहं पुत्रिणामग्र्यः (adyāhaṃ putriṇāmagryaḥ) V.5.14: also with loc.; अग्र्याःसर्वेषु वेदेषु (agryāḥsarveṣu vedeṣu) Manusmṛti 3.184.

-gryaḥ An elder brother

-gryam The roof of a house.

-gryā The tree myrobalans. (Mar. triphaḷā) or a mixture of हिरडा, बेहडा, आंवळकाठी (hiraḍā, behaḍā, āṃvaḷakāṭhī)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—mfn.

(-gyraḥ-gyrā-gyraṃ) Chief, principal. m. (gyraḥ) An elder brother. E. agra, and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—i. e. agra + ya, adj., f. . 1. First. 2. Best, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—[adjective] foremost, first, best.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrya (अग्र्य):—[from agra] mf(ā)n. foremost, topmost, principal, best

2) [v.s. ...] proficient, well versed in (with [locative case])

3) [v.s. ...] intent, closely attentive

4) [v.s. ...] m. an elder or eldest brother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Agryā (अग्र्या):—[from agrya > agra] f. = tri-phalā q.v.

6) Agrya (अग्र्य):—[from agra] n. roof, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य):—I. m. f. n.

(-gryaḥ-gryā-gryam) 1) Being on the top or sum-mit.

2) Chief, principal, best.

3) Intent, studying attentively or eagerly. Ii. m.

(-gryaḥ) A first-born, an elder brother. See also agriya and agrīya. E. agra, taddh. aff. yat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य):—(gryaḥ) 1. m. Chief; elder brother.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Agrya (अग्र्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Agga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agrya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Agrya (ಅಗ್ರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] an elder brother.

2) [noun] a leader; a guide; a person first in the rank or order.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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