Agrya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Agrya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Agrya (अग्र्य).—A region of the pātāla; the soil with the gold colour.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2 and 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Agrya (अग्र्य) refers to “greatest” and is mentioned in verse 3.7 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] strength (is) greatest [viz., agrya] in the cold season and little in monsoon and summer, but middling in the remaining two (seasons). In a strong (man) the (digestive) fire is strong during -winter because of its obstruction by cold”.

Note: Agrya (“greatest”) itself a superlative, has been degraded to the positive che(-ba) (“great”), of which thsa (C) and thse (D) are mere corruptions.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—a. [agre jātaḥ, agra-yat]

1) Foremost, best, choicest, most essential or important, highest, pre-eminent, first; तदङ्गमग्र्यं मघवन् महाक्रतोः (tadaṅgamagryaṃ maghavan mahākratoḥ) R.3.46.; °महिषी (mahiṣī) 1.66; उपेयुषः स्वामपि मूर्तिमग्र्याम् (upeyuṣaḥ svāmapi mūrtimagryām) 6.73,8.28,14.19,18.39, Ku. 7.78, Ms.5.166,12.3; अद्याहं पुत्रिणामग्र्यः (adyāhaṃ putriṇāmagryaḥ) V.5.14: also with loc.; अग्र्याःसर्वेषु वेदेषु (agryāḥsarveṣu vedeṣu) Ms.3.184.

-gryaḥ An elder brother

-gryam The roof of a house.

-gryā The tree myrobalans. (Mar. triphaḷā) or a mixture of हिरडा, बेहडा, आंवळकाठी (hiraḍā, behaḍā, āṃvaḷakāṭhī)).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—mfn.

(-gyraḥ-gyrā-gyraṃ) Chief, principal. m. (gyraḥ) An elder brother. E. agra, and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—i. e. agra + ya, adj., f. . 1. First. 2. Best, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य).—[adjective] foremost, first, best.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agrya (अग्र्य):—[from agra] mf(ā)n. foremost, topmost, principal, best

2) [v.s. ...] proficient, well versed in (with [locative case])

3) [v.s. ...] intent, closely attentive

4) [v.s. ...] m. an elder or eldest brother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Agryā (अग्र्या):—[from agrya > agra] f. = tri-phalā q.v.

6) Agrya (अग्र्य):—[from agra] n. roof, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य):—I. m. f. n.

(-gryaḥ-gryā-gryam) 1) Being on the top or sum-mit.

2) Chief, principal, best.

3) Intent, studying attentively or eagerly. Ii. m.

(-gryaḥ) A first-born, an elder brother. See also agriya and agrīya. E. agra, taddh. aff. yat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agrya (अग्र्य):—(gryaḥ) 1. m. Chief; elder brother.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Agrya (अग्र्य):—(von agra) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 116] (vedisch), gaṇa śākhādi (agrya), [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 15.]

1) adj. f. ā . a) auf der Oberfläche befindlich: sarvarasāgryaṃ maṇḍam [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 396.] [?(vgl. Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 49:] sarvarasāgre maṇḍam). — b) an der Spitze stehend, vorzüglich, ausgezeichnet [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1439.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 16, 30.] agrya [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 4, 3, 13.] [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad 4, 4, 18.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 255. 4, 230. 8, 10.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 46.] tatra pūjāmavāpyāgryām [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 54.] vāgbhiragryābhirabhituṣṭāva vai surau [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 12, 25.] ihāgryāṃ kīrtimāpnoti [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 166.] dṛśyate tvagryayā (scharf) buddhyā sūkṣmayā sūkṣmadarśibhiḥ [Kaṭhopaniṣad 3, 12.] agryo madhyo jaghanyaśca [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12, 30.] adhamā madhyamāgryā ca [12, 41.] In Verbindung mit einem gen. oder am Ende eines Comp. der erste, beste, vorzüglichste: sarveṣāṃ dhanajātānāmādadītāgryamagrajaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 114.] taddhyagryaṃ sarvavidyānām [12, 85.] adyāhaṃ putriṇāmagryaḥ jetzt bin ich der glücklichste der Väter [Vikramorvaśī 152.] dvijāgrya der erste unter den zweimal Geborenen, ein Brahman [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 35. 74. 183. 11, 3.] dhanurdharāgrya [Duaupadīpramātha 7, 12.] guṇāgrya = sattva [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 27.] Mit einem loc. ausgezeichnet, erfahren in einer Sache: agryaḥ sarveṣu vedeṣu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 184.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 219.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 12, 15.] —

2) m. ein älterer Bruder [Ramānātha] zu [Amarakoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. agriya und agrīya .

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Agrya (अग्र्य):—adj. der vorderste: agryadhurāyāṃ voḍhārau so v. a. vorn an der Deichsel [Pañcatantra 8, 16.] prāsādāgryāṇi (man hätte das m. erwartet) die schönsten Paläste [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 52, 38.] der frühere: gurumiva kṛtamagryaṃ karma saṃyāti daivam [Mahābhārata 13, 341.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Agrya (अग्र्य):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) an der Spitze stehend so v.a. vorzüglich , der vorzüglichste [91,21.98,17.130,30.] Mit einem Gen. oder am Ende eines Comp. der vorzüglichste , beste , erste unter — [66,7.97,12.] Mit. einem Loc. ausgezeichnet in Etwas.

2) *m. ein älterer Bruder.

3) *f. ā die drei Myrobalanen [Vaidyabhāṣya (roth) ]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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