Saptaha, Saptāha, Saptahan, Saptāhan, Saptan-aha: 19 definitions


Saptaha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Saptah.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saptāhan (सप्ताहन्) refers to “seven days”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Lunar and solar eclipses terminate in ten ways [...] These terminations of the lunar eclipse apply to those of the solar eclipse, the only difference being that where the east has been referred to in the former, it must be taken to mean the west in the latter. If, within seven days [i.e., saptāhan] from the termination of an eclipse there should occur a dust storm, mankind will suffer from starvation; if there should occur a fall of snow there will be fear from disease; if there should occur an earthquake, the chief rulers will die. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saptāha (सप्ताह) refers to a “week”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat mount (Himācala): “[...] After a week (saptāha) there is a very auspicious hour very rare to meet with. The presiding planet of the lagna is in the lagna. The moon is in conjunction with his son, Mercury as well as the constellation Rohiṇī. The moon and the stars occupy pure positions. The month is Mārgaśīrṣa and the day is Monday free from all defects. All the planets are in auspicious conjunction. They are not aspected by the evil planets. The Jupiter is in a position that is conducive to the birth of a good child and all good fortune to the bridegroom. O lord of mountains, give your daughter Pārvatī, the mother of the universe, the primordial Being to Śiva, the father of the universe. You will then get quiet and contentment”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saptaha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saptāhan (सप्ताहन्) refers to the “seventh day” (of pracising Tantra), according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a haṭha-sādhana (foreceful practice)]: “[...] On the fifth day, in the middle of the night, he draws near the Yakṣas and Nāgas, stops the oceans, and death [no longer] exists for him. Within six days, the yogin masters [the power] of attracting fruit and [subdues] the [Yoginī] Guhyakā. When he remains [in the hole] until the seventh day (saptāhan), he sees the gods in the sky and the various Siddhas. He hears divine speech. The signs spoken of earlier are certain to arise. [...]”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saptāha (सप्ताह) refers to “seven days”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] Then the Bodhisatva Gaganagañja said this to the women: ‘Sisters, bring your respective husbands just as they were’. Then the women, having brought their respective husbands, being filled with rejoicing and happiness of mind, returned to their respective homes. After that, by those magically conjured-up beings, during seven days (saptāha [=saptāhan?]), the women were brought to maturity, in the way that they attained the stage of not falling back from the supreme and perfect awakening. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Saptāha (सप्ताह) refers to “seven days”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “[...] For thrice seven days (tri-saptāha) uninterruptedly, with cow-dung, in the eastern quarter the snake-king called Triple-crest, with his retinue, must be painted; in the western, the snake king called Avabhāsanasikhin is to be painted, seven crested, with a retinue of serpents; in the north, the snake-king called Meghasaṃcodana, nine-crested, is to be depicted; a blue canopy and blue dress, blue banner and all the offering is to be made blue; but the sweet offering to the snakes, and the triple-sweet, must be offered,—an oblation of all; [...]”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptāha (सप्ताह).—m S A period of seven days, a hebdomad or week. 2 or saptāhapārāyaṇa n S A perusal or reading through (of a Puran̤ &c.) in seven days.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saptāha (सप्ताह).—m A reading through (of a purāṇa &c.) in 7 days.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह).—seven days, i. e. a week.

Derivable forms: saptāhaḥ (सप्ताहः).

Saptāha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and aha (अह).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह).—nt. (as in Pali sattāha; in Sanskrit m., despite gender of ahan), seven days, a week: °ha trīṇi Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 54.13 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह).—n.

(-haṃ) A week. E. sapta and aha for ahan a day.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptahan (सप्तहन्).—[adjective] slaying seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह).—[masculine] seven days.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptaha (सप्तह):—[=sapta-ha] [from sapta > saptan] n. Name of a Sāman (also with jamad-agnes), [Brāhmaṇa]

2) Saptāha (सप्ताह):—[from sapta > saptan] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) 7 days

3) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial performance lasting 7 days, [Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptahan (सप्तहन्):—[=sapta-han] [from sapta > saptan] mfn. slaying 7 [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह):—[saptā+ha] (haṃ) 1. n. A week.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saptaha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saptaha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saptāha (सप्ताह) [Also spelled saptah]:—(nm) a week; ~[hāṃta] week-end.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saptāha (ಸಪ್ತಾಹ):—[noun] a period of seven days; a week.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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