Agha; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Agha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Agha (अघ).—The name of an asura. This asura was one of the followers of Kaṃsa. According to the instructions of Kaṃsa, Agha once set out to Gokula to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa. At that time Śrī Kṛṣṇa was playing on the banks of the river Kālindī with other cowherds. Aghāsura watched the games of the children from the sky above. Then he transformed himself into a colossal serpent and lay with his mouth wide open; his open mouth looked like an immense cave. The foul smell coming from his mouth soon spread over the whole place. Śrī Kṛṣṇa and the other children did not know anything about this. In the course of their games they walked into the cave-like mouth of Agha and were soon trapped in his belly. Agha then closed his mouth and all the boys including Śrī Kṛṣṇa were now imprisoned inside his body. Some of the boys died. Realizing the situation Śrī Kṛṣṇa now enlarged his body. His body grew larger and larger until at last it burst open the body of the serpent (Agha). Thus Agha was killed. Śrī Kṛṣṇa then restored the dead boys to life by his divine looks (Kaṭākṣa). This Aghāsura was the brother of Bakāsura and Pūtanā. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10, Chapter 12).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Agha (अघ).—An asura; friend of Kaṃsa. Appeared in the guise of a boa-constrictor in order to devour Kṛṣṇa, his playmates and cattle in Bṛndāvana. Thinking it to be a part of the landscape of the Bṛndāvana, Kṛṣṇa's playmates and cattle entered his wide-open mouth. Kṛṣṇa understood the situation, and after a little hesitation, he also went in and killed him by choking his throat. Agha, however, attained salvation.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 12. 13-38; 13. 4; 14. 60.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Agha (अघ).—On seeing Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa, the demon Agha thought that the time had come for him to avenge the death of his sister Pūtanā and his brother Baka. To play a nasty trick on the children, he increased the dimension of his body to such an extent that his head was touching almost the clouds while his mouth was kept open like a cavern. Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma were going that way with their cowherd friends. Playfully, the children entered the cave and got panicky. To release them Kṛṣṇa too entered the cave and started to increase the size of his body so much that the demon could not breathe any longer. His final breath escaped from his brahmarandhra, final point on the summit of the head.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Agha is often mistranslated as “sin”. In a Hindu context an agha is an act which is unbeneficial in terms of one’s spiritual evolution and results in further bondage and entrenchment in samsara.

(Source): Red Zambala: On the Salvific Activities of God

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

M / N Poverty. Stain, defilement.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

agha : (nt.) 1. the sky; 2. grief; pain; 3. sin; misfortune.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Agha, 2 (m. nt.) (the etym. suggested by Morris J.P.T.S. 1889, 200 (with ref. to M.I, 500, which belongs under agha1) is untenable (to Sk. kha, as a-kha = agha, cp. Jain Prk. khaha). Neither does the pop. etym. of Bdhgh. offer any clue (= a + gha from ghan that which does not strike or aghaṭṭaniya is not strikeable DhsA.326, cp. Dhs. trsl. 194 & J.IV, 154 aghe ṭhitā = appaṭighe ākāse ṭhitā the air which does not offer any resistance). On the other hand the primary meaning is darkness, as seen from the phrase lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā D.II, 12; S.V, 454, and BSk. aghasaṃvṛta M Vastu I.240, adj. dark M Vastu I.41; II, 162; Lal Vist 552) the sky, orig. the dark sky, dark space, the abyss of space D.II, 12; S.V, 45; Vv 161 (aghasi gama, Loc. = vehāsaṃ gama VvA.78); J.IV, 154; Dhs.638 (+ aghagata); Vbh.84 (id.).

—gata going through or being in the sky or atmosphere Dhs.638, 722; Vbh.84. —gāmin moving through the atmosphere or space i. e. a planet S.I, 67 = Miln.242 (ādicco seṭṭho aghagāminaṃ). (Page 5)

2) Agha, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. agha, of uncertain etym.) evil, grief, pain, suffering, misfortune S I 22; M.I, 500 (roga gaṇḍa salla agha); A.II, 128 (id.); J.V, 100; Th.2, 491; Sdhp.51. — adj. painful, bringing pain J.VI, 507 (agha-m-miga = aghakara m. C.). —bhūta a source of pain S.III, 189 (+ agha & salla). (Page 5)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Agha (अघ, “agony”) refers to one of the eight kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā) among the Buddha’s disciples, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “for them, everything is impermanent (anitya), suffering (duḥkha), empty (śūnya), egoless (anātmaka), like a sickness (roga), an ulcer (gaṇḍa), like an arrow (śalya) stuck in one’s body, like an agony (agha)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

āgha (आघ).—See āga &c. āghāḍā, ā- ghāḍī, āghāḍī pichāḍī, āghēḍā See under अ.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

agha (अघ).—n Sin, fault, offence.

--- OR ---

aghā (अघा).—a All, the whole.

--- OR ---

aghā (अघा).—a All, the whole mass.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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