Agha; 8 Definition(s)
Agha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Agha (अघ).—An asura; friend of Kaṃsa. Appeared in the guise of a boa-constrictor in order to devour Kṛṣṇa, his playmates and cattle in Bṛndāvana. Thinking it to be a part of the landscape of the Bṛndāvana, Kṛṣṇa's playmates and cattle entered his wide-open mouth. Kṛṣṇa understood the situation, and after a little hesitation, he also went in and killed him by choking his throat. Agha, however, attained salvation.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 12. 13-38; 13. 4; 14. 60.
Agha (अघ).—On seeing Balarāma and Kṛṣṇa, the demon Agha thought that the time had come for him to avenge the death of his sister Pūtanā and his brother Baka. To play a nasty trick on the children, he increased the dimension of his body to such an extent that his head was touching almost the clouds while his mouth was kept open like a cavern. Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma were going that way with their cowherd friends. Playfully, the children entered the cave and got panicky. To release them Kṛṣṇa too entered the cave and started to increase the size of his body so much that the demon could not breathe any longer. His final breath escaped from his brahmarandhra, final point on the summit of the head.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Agha is often mistranslated as “sin”. In a Hindu context an agha is an act which is unbeneficial in terms of one’s spiritual evolution and results in further bondage and entrenchment in samsara.(Source): Red Zambala: On the Salvific Activities of God
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
M / N Poverty. Stain, defilement.(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
agha : (nt.) 1. the sky; 2. grief; pain; 3. sin; misfortune.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Agha, 2 (m. nt.) (the etym. suggested by Morris J.P.T.S. 1889, 200 (with ref. to M.I, 500, which belongs under agha1) is untenable (to Sk. kha, as a-kha = agha, cp. Jain Prk. khaha). Neither does the pop. etym. of Bdhgh. offer any clue (= a + gha from ghan that which does not strike or aghaṭṭaniya is not strikeable DhsA.326, cp. Dhs. trsl. 194 & J.IV, 154 aghe ṭhitā = appaṭighe ākāse ṭhitā the air which does not offer any resistance). On the other hand the primary meaning is darkness, as seen from the phrase lokantarikā aghā asaṃvutā andhakārā D.II, 12; S.V, 454, and BSk. aghasaṃvṛta M Vastu I.240, adj. dark M Vastu I.41; II, 162; Lal Vist 552) the sky, orig. the dark sky, dark space, the abyss of space D.II, 12; S.V, 45; Vv 161 (aghasi gama, Loc. = vehāsaṃ gama VvA.78); J.IV, 154; Dhs.638 (+ aghagata); Vbh.84 (id.).
—gata going through or being in the sky or atmosphere Dhs.638, 722; Vbh.84. —gāmin moving through the atmosphere or space i. e. a planet S.I, 67 = Miln.242 (ādicco seṭṭho aghagāminaṃ). (Page 5)
2) Agha, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. agha, of uncertain etym.) evil, grief, pain, suffering, misfortune S I 22; M.I, 500 (roga gaṇḍa salla agha); A.II, 128 (id.); J.V, 100; Th.2, 491; Sdhp.51. — adj. painful, bringing pain J.VI, 507 (agha-m-miga = aghakara m. C.). —bhūta a source of pain S.III, 189 (+ agha & salla). (Page 5)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
agha (अघ).—n Sin, fault, offence.
--- OR ---
aghā (अघा).—a All, the whole.
--- OR ---
aghā (अघा).—a All, the whole mass.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Agha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.20 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.318 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.4.16 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.5.106 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 2.5.122 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 2.2.173 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna: Knowledge]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 2 - Lokāntarikā (intermediate spaces between two worlds) < [Chapter XLVII - Praises made by the Buddhas]
II. Beings to be established in the six perfections < [Part 3 - Establishing beings in the six perfections]
Part 5-6 - Description of sarvākāra (all aspects) and sarvadharma (all dharmas) < [Chapter XVI - The Story of Śāriputra]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 11.259 < [Section XXXII - Expiation of Secret Sins]
Verse 12.1 < [Section I - Question]
Nectar of Devotion (by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
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