Abhigraha: 11 definitions


Abhigraha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Abhigraha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह) refers to “numerous vows”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] The Lord was not disturbed by the torrents, made powerful by strong winds, from the clouds, like a river-ranging elephant. He endured also other trials hard to endure, enduring all like the earth, a tilaka (himself) on the earth. The Lord spent twelve years enduring trials with severe and manifold penances and with numerous vows (i.e., abhigraha). [...]”.

Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह) refers to “resolutions” and is one of the topics treated in the Ācārāṅga (Ācārāṃga), one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—In a sequential point of view, Ācārāṃgastands first in Aṃgas. It is called as Prathama Aṃga as it is the vital Ācāra (conduct) of Śruta puruṣa (Monk / Saints). It is said that Ācārāṃga has 2 divisions (Śruta skaṇdhas), 25 chapters (adhyayanas), 85 topics (uddeśanakāla) and 85 sub topics (samuddeśanakālas). Ācārāṃga consists of 18000 verses. Topics include resolutions (abhigraha).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhigraha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह).—

1) Seizing, robbing, plundering शङ्कारूपकर्माभिग्रहः (śaṅkārūpakarmābhigrahaḥ) Kau. A.4.

2) Attack, assault, onset. यातव्यामित्र- योरभिग्रहचिन्ता (yātavyāmitra- yorabhigrahacintā) Kau. A.7.

3) Challenge.

4) Complaint.

5) Authority, power, weight.

Derivable forms: abhigrahaḥ (अभिग्रहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Attack, onset. 2. Challenge, going to fight. 3. Plundering, robbing. 4. Celebrity. E. abhi before, in presence of, graha to take, and ap aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhigraha (अभिग्रह):—[=abhi-graha] [from abhi-grah] m. seizing taking hold of

2) [v.s. ...] attack, onset, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] defiance, challenge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] robbing, plundering, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] authority, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a vow, [Jaina literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-haḥ) 1.

1) Attack, onset; (Rāyam.: = abhigamyākramaṇam; Bharatam.: = ābhimukhyena yuddhādipravṛttiḥ).

2) Challenge; (Nīlak. Ramānātha, Padārthak. &c. = yuddhāhvānam or kalahāhvānam).

3) Weight (= gauravam). E. grah with abhi, kṛt aff. ap. 2. A complete seizure, a thorough robbery (Hem. &c. = abhigrahaṇam; Ajayapāla: = samantādgrahaṇam). E. abhi and graha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह):—[abhi-graha] (haḥ) 1. m. Attack; challenge, plundering; celebrity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhigraha (अभिग्रह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abhiggaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhigraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhigraha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhigraha (ಅಭಿಗ್ರಹ):—

1) [noun] the act of plundering; pillage; robbery.

2) [noun] the act of attacking; an inroad; an onslaught.

3) [noun] the act of facing or opposing defiantly or antagonistically; opposition; confrontation.

4) [noun] complaint a) the act of complaining; utterance of pain, displeasure, annoyance, etc; b) a subject or cause for complaining; grievance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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