Abhakshya, Abhakṣya: 14 definitions


Abhakshya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Abhakṣya can be transliterated into English as Abhaksya or Abhakshya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhakshy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य) refers to “forbidden (food) stuffs”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] I know Śiva through and through with all His weighty attributes. I shall tell you the truth. Listen with attention. [...] He holds the skull. Serpents twine round His limbs. Poison has left a mark on his neck. He eats even forbidden stuffs [i.e., abhakṣya-bhakṣa]. He has odd eyes and is definitely awful. His birth and pedigree cannot be traced. He is devoid of the enjoyment of a householder. He has ten arms. He is mostly naked and is ever accompanied by ghosts and goblins. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य) refers to “prohibited food”.—The definitions of what is not fit to be eaten are given considerable prominence particularly in the later Jainism. The standard Śvetāmbara list of twenty-two abhakṣyas is found as early as Nemicandra’s Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246. It has largely ousted the later list of sixteen preferred by Hemacandra (in his Yogaśāstra 3.6-7). Later Digambara lists closely follow Āśādhara’s pattern (in his Sāgāra-dharmāmṛta 3.11-18) and make few noticeable additions to the objects forbidden.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

1) Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य) refers to “forbidden food”, according to the Saṃvegasundara by Sārasīṣamāṇarāsa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature) which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Sārasīṣamāṇarāsa was composed in VS 1548 (see above) and deals with ethics of daily life: prohibition from eating after sunset, need to give up violence to living beings, to drink filtered water, avoiding eating of forbidden food (abhakṣya).

2) Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य) is the name of a work dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य).—a Inseculent, inedible. Forbidden (by Shastras) to eat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य).—a.

1) Not to be eaten.

2) Prohibited from eating.

-kṣyam A prohibited article of food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य).—mfn.

(-kṣyaḥ-kṣyā-kṣyaṃ) Not to be eaten. E. a neg. bhakṣya to be eaten.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य).—[adjective] not to be eaten.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य):—[=a-bhakṣya] [from a-bhakṣaṇa] mfn. not to be eaten by ([instrumental case] or [genitive case] [Manu-smṛti])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-kṣyaḥ-kṣyā-kṣyam) 1) Unfit to be eaten; e. g. in Yājnav.: abhakṣyeṇa dvijaṃ dūṣyandaṇḍya uttamasāhasam (Mitākṣ.: mūtrapurīṣādinā bhakṣānarheṇānnapānādimiśraṇena dravyarūpeṇa vā brāhmaṇaṃ dūṣayitvā &c.); or see the instance s. v. apeya.

2) What ought not to be eaten, prohibited for eating; e. g. Patanjali in the introd. to Pāṇ.: loke tāvat . abhakṣyo grāmyakukkuṭaḥ . abhakṣyo grāmyasūkara ityucyate . bhakṣyaṃ ca nāma kṣutpratighātārthamupādīyate śakyaṃ cānena śvamāṃsādibhirapi kṣutpratihantum . tatra niyamaḥ kriyate . idaṃ bhakṣyamidamabhakṣyamiti. —Manu treats of prohibited articles of food esp. in the fifth book, Yājnavalkya in the first (v. 160 ff.); a list of such eatables may be found too in the Sāntiparvan v. 1313 seqq. (comp. also Mitramiśra's Dharmaś. Ms. E. I. H. 930. I. fol. 192b. seqq.); on the penances inflicted for eating such food see Manu 11. 152 ff., Yājnav. 3. 282, Viṣṇu-Dharmaś. fol. 17 a., Mit. prāº fol. 91 b. ff., Raghunand. I. p. 317 ff. &c. &c. E. a neg. and bhakṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य):—[a-bhakṣya] (kṣyaḥ-kṣyā-kṣyaṃ) a. Unfit to be eaten.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhakshya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhakṣya (अभक्ष्य) [Also spelled abhakshy]:—(a) uneatable, inedible; (nm) forbidden/uneatable food.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhakshya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhakṣya (ಅಭಕ್ಷ್ಯ):—[adjective] not fit to be eaten; not eatable; non-edible.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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