Vishad, Viṣad: 4 definitions

Introduction

Vishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣad can be transliterated into English as Visad or Vishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Viṣad (विषद्, “non-slimy”) or Viśada refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Viṣad], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣad (विषद्).—1 P. To sink down, be exhausted.

2) To be dispirited or cast down, be afflicted or sorrowful, despond, despair; विलपति हसति विषीदति रोदिति चञ्चति मुञ्चति तापम् (vilapati hasati viṣīdati roditi cañcati muñcati tāpam) Gīt.4; बालसूनुरवलोक्य भार्गवं स्वां दशां च विषसाद पार्थिवः (bālasūnuravalokya bhārgavaṃ svāṃ daśāṃ ca viṣasāda pārthivaḥ) R.11.67;9.75; (taṃ) विषीदन्तमिदं वाक्यमुवाच मधुसूदनः (viṣīdantamidaṃ vākyamuvāca madhusūdanaḥ) Bg. 2.1; Bk.7.89.

3) To be afraid. -Caus.

1) To cause to despond or despair, discourage.

2) To make afflicted, pain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṣād (विषाद्):—[from viṣa > viṣ] mfn. eating p°, [Kāṭhaka]

2) Viṣad (विषद्):—[=vi-ṣad] (√sad) [Parasmaipada] -ṣīdati ([imperfect tense] [Classical] vy-aṣīdat, [Vedic or Veda] vya-ṣīdat, or vy-asīdat, [Pāṇini 8-3, 119]; [perfect tense] vi-ṣasāda, [ib. 118]; [infinitive mood] -ṣattum or -ṣīditum, [Mahābhārata]),

2) —to be exhausted or dejected, despond, despair, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

2) —to sink down, be immersed in ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa v, 95, 15] (perhaps vi-ṣeduḥ [wrong reading] for ni-ṣ) :

2) —[Causal] -ṣādayati, to cause to despond or despair, vex, grieve, afflict, [Mahābhārata];—[Bombay edition] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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