Visarjaniya, Visarjanīya: 10 definitions


Visarjaniya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय) refers to “emitted consonants” in Sanskrit grammar. It is a classification of consonants (vyañjana) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. Accordingly, “The Visarjanīya should be known as a sound from [the root of] the tongue.”

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Visarjaniya in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय).—Same as विसर्ग (visarga) which see above; cf. विसृज्यते पुनर्वर्णैर्न संबध्यते इति विसर्गः (visṛjyate punarvarṇairna saṃbadhyate iti visargaḥ); Durgasiṃha on Kat. I. 1. 16. The term विसृष्ट (visṛṣṭa) is also used in the same sense. The visarjanīya has the same position (स्थान (sthāna)) in the mouth as the vowel after which it occurs. It is a glottal sound; the Ṛk-Prātiśākhya says that some scholars describe visarjanīya as a chest sound; cf. कण्ठयो-कारः प्रथमपञ्चमौ च द्वावूष्माणौ केचिदेतावुरस्यौ । (kaṇṭhayo-kāraḥ prathamapañcamau ca dvāvūṣmāṇau kecidetāvurasyau |) R. Pr. I 18; cf. also उरसि विसर्जनीयो वा (urasi visarjanīyo vā) R. T. 3.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय) stands for what is ordinarily called ‘visarga’, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 385, l. 13]—‘Visarjanīya’ as it is uniformly called by the Pratīśākhyas and by Pāṇini, stands for what is ordinarily called ‘visarga’. W. D. Whitney in his work A Sanskrit Grammar says on p 69 —“This appears to be merely a surd breathing, a final h sound (in the European sense of h), uttered in the articulating position of the preceding vowel”.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjaniya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय).—a. To be abandoned &c.

-yaḥ = विसर्ग (visarga) (12) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय).—[masculine] = visarga ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय):—[=vi-sarjanīya] [from vi-sṛj] mfn. ([from] vi-√sṛj) to be sent forth or emitted etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] ([from] vi-sarjana) See vrata-visarjanīya

3) [v.s. ...] m. (cf. vi-sarga above) Name of a symbol in grammar (usually marked by two perpendicular dots [:] representing a hard and distinctly audible aspiration ; it generally, but not always, occurs at the end of a word, often taking the place of final s and r; it is called Visarjanīya either from its liability to be ‘rejected’ or from its being pronounced with a full ‘emission’ of breath, or from its usually appearing at the ‘end’ of a word or sentence; Paṇḍits in some parts of India seem to pronounce a vowel after it, e.g. naraḥ like naraha, agniḥ like agnihi), [Prātiśākhya; Pāṇini etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय):—[vi-sarjanīya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. That should be left.

[Sanskrit to German]

Visarjaniya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjaniya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Visarjanīya (ವಿಸರ್ಜನೀಯ):—[adjective] discharging; ejecting; sending out; relinquishing.

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Visarjanīya (ವಿಸರ್ಜನೀಯ):—[noun] = ವಿಸರ್ಗ - [visarga -] 5.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Visarjaniya in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Visarjanīya (विसर्जनीय):—adj. to be abandoned;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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