Upavisha, Upaviṣā, Upaviṣa: 10 definitions


Upavisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Upaviṣā and Upaviṣa can be transliterated into English as Upavisa or Upavisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Upaviṣa (उपविष) either refers to “semi (lesser) poisons” or “manufactured poisons”. It can be derived from various parts of plants, which are toxic and hallucinogenic but usually non-lethal, unless taken excessively. The fourteenth chapter of Mādhava’s 7th century Āyurvedaprakāśa deals with poisons (viṣa) and semi-poisons (upaviṣa).

Source: Google Books: Iatro-chemistry of Āyurveda, Rasaśāstra

Upaviṣa (उपविष) refers to “subsidiary poisons”.—Nāgārjuna, etc., have described five drugs, viz., snuhī, arka, karavīra, lāṅgalī and viṣa-muṣṭi as upaviṣas (subsidiary poisons).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Upaviṣa (उपविष) refers to “poisonous plants” (but not lethal for human health), which can be detoxified/purified using the Śodhana process, which involves the purification as well as reduction in the levels of toxic principles according to Ayurvedic principles.—Traditionally, plants having various classes of phytochemicals are still in use either in their crude form or after proper processing. Though most of the plant drugs are safe, yet few are toxic for human health. These poisonous/toxic plants are categorized as viṣa (poison) and upaviṣa (toxic but not lethal for human health) in Ayurvedic texts [...].

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Upaviṣa (उपविष):—[upaviṣaḥ] A class of following semi poisonous plants

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaviṣa (उपविष).—

1) An artificial poison.

2) A narcotic, any poisonous drug; अर्कक्षीरं स्नुहीक्षीरं तथैव कलिहारिका । धत्तूरः करवीरश्च पञ्च चोपविषाः स्मृताः (arkakṣīraṃ snuhīkṣīraṃ tathaiva kalihārikā | dhattūraḥ karavīraśca pañca copaviṣāḥ smṛtāḥ) ||

-ṣā Name of a plant (ativiṣā) It is a plant used in medicine. The bark is employed in dying. It is white, red and black (Atis or Betula). It is also referred to as उपविषाणिका (upaviṣāṇikā).

Derivable forms: upaviṣaḥ (उपविषः), upaviṣam (उपविषम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaviṣa (उपविष).—n.

(-ṣaṃ) 1. Factitious poison. 2. A narcotic, any deleterious drug, as opium, &c. E. upa like, viṣa poison. f.

(-ṣā) A plant, Atis. E. upa reverse, and viṣa poison: an antidote.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaviṣa (उपविष):—[=upa-viṣa] n. factitious poison, a narcotic, any deleterious drug (as opium, datura, etc.)

2) Upaviṣā (उपविषा):—[=upa-viṣā] [from upa-viṣa] f. the plant Aconitum Ferox, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaviṣa (उपविष):—[upa-viṣa] (ṣaṃ) 1. n. Factitious poison.

2) Upaviṣā (उपविषा):—[upa-viṣā] (ṣā) 1. f. A plant, (Atis.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Upavisha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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