Ativisa, Ativisā, Ativiṣā, Ativisha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Ativisa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ativiṣā can be transliterated into English as Ativisa or Ativisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Ativiṣā (अतिविषा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ativiṣā (अतिविषा) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Indian aconite”, a herb from the Ranunculaceae (buttercup/crowfoot) family of plants., and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of the plant is Aconitum heterophyllum and is commonly known as the “atis root” among others. It grows in the alpine and sub-alpine regions of the Himilaya mountain range. The literal translation of Ativiṣā is “counteracting poison” which is derived from Ativiṣa, or, “exceedingly poisonous”.

The plant Ativiṣā is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Viṣā, which is a Sanskrit word derived from Viṣa (translating to “poisonous”).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Ativiṣā (अतिविषा) refers to a medicinal plant known as Aconitum heterophyllum Wall., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Ativiṣā). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Ativiṣā (अतिविषा) refers to the medicinal Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Ex. Royle, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Ativiṣā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Ativiṣā (अतिविषा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Aconitum heterophylum Wall. Ex Royle” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning ativiṣā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ativisa in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ativisā, (f.) (Sk. ativiṣā) N. of a plant Vin. I, 201; IV, 35. (Page 21)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ativiṣa (अतिविष).—n ativiṣā f S pop. ativikha n A tree used in medicine. The bark is employed in dyeing. It is white, red, and black. (Atis or Betula.) As. Res. Vol. 6th 573.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ativiṣa (अतिविष).—n Aconitum heterophyllum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ativiṣa (अतिविष).—a.

1) Very poisonous.

2) Counteracting poison.

-ṣā Name of a poisonous yet highly medicinal plant (Mar. ativiṣa or ativikha) Aconitum Ferox.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ativiṣa (अतिविष).—(1) adj. (= Pali ativisa), very poisonous: Jātakamālā 229.17; (2) nt., a plant, according to Tibetan boṅ ṅa dkar po, said to mean white wolfsbane; compare Pali ativisa, a medicinal plant, and Sanskrit ativiṣā, identified as one or more varieties of Aconitum: Mahāvyutpatti 5821.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ativiṣa (अतिविष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) Antidote, exceeding or subduing poison. f.

(-ṣā) A tree used in medicine, the bark is also employed in dyeing; it is of three kinds; white, red, and black. (Atis or Betula.) E. ati overcoming, and viṣa poison.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ativiṣa (अतिविष):—[=ati-viṣa] [from ati] mfn. exceedingly poisonous, counteracting poison

2) Ativiṣā (अतिविषा):—[=ati-viṣā] [from ati-viṣa > ati] f. the plant Aconitum Ferox

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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