Viriya, Vīriya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Viriya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsPersistence; energy. One of the ten perfections (paramis), the five faculties (bala; see bodhi pakkhiya dhamma), and the five strengths/dominant factors (indriya; see bodhi pakkhiya dhamma).Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A pleasaunce in Vebhara where Siddhattha Buddha was born. BuA. p. 185.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N Effort, energy, impudence.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

One of the Pakinnaka cetasikas. Viriya is effort. Viriya helps citta not to withdraw from the object and it exert an effort to take the object. In the presence of viriya all other cetasikas and citta work energetically with full effort.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Viriya (Energy); further s. bojjhanga, bala, pāramī.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'energy', lit. 'virility', 'manliness' or 'heroism' (from vīra, man, hero; Lat. vir; cf. virtus),

  • is one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala),

  • one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (s. bojjhanga) and

  • identical with right effort of the 8-fold Path (s. magga).

For further explanations, s. padhāna.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

energy;

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

See Vigor.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viriya : (nt.) vigour; energy; effort; strength.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viriya, (nt.) (fr. vīra; cp. Vedic vīrya & vīria) lit. “state of a strong man, ” i.e. vigour, energy, effort, exertion. On term see also Dhs. translation § 13; Cpd. 242.—D. III, 113, 120 sq. 255 sq.; S. II, 132, 206 sq.; Sn. 79, 184, 353, 422, 531, 966, 1026 (chanda°); Nd1 476, 487; Nd2 394; J. I, 178 (viriyaṃ karoti, with Loc.); Pug. 71; Vbh. 10; Nett 16, 28; Tikp 60, 63; Miln. 36; Vism. 160 (°upekkhā), 462; KhA 96; SnA 489; DhA. IV, 231; DA. I, 63; DhsA. 120; VvA. 14; PvA. 98, 129; Sdhp. 343, 517. ‹-› accāraddha° too much exertion M. III, 159; A. III, 375; opp. atilīna° too little ibid; uṭṭhāna° initiative or rousing energy S. I, 21, 217; A. III, 76; IV, 282; ThA. 267; PvA. 129; nara° manly strength J. IV, 478, 487. —viriyaṃ āra(m)bhati to put forth energy, to make an effort S. II, 28; IV, 125; V, 9, 244 sq.; A. I, 39, 282, 296; II, 15= IV. 462.—As adj. (-°) in alīna° alert, energetic J. I, 22; āraddha° full of energy, putting forth energy, strenuous S. I, 53, 166, 198; II, 29, 207 sq.; IV, 224; V, 225; A. I, 4, 12; II, 76, 228 sq.; III, 65, 127; IV, 85, 229, 291, 357; V, 93, 95, 153, 335; J. I, 110; ossaṭṭha° one who has given up effort J. I, 110; hīna° lacking in energy It. 34 (here as vīriya, in metre).—v. is one of the indriyas, the balas & the sambojjhaṅgas (q. v.).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viriya (विरिय).—(= Pali id.) = Sanskrit vīrya, heroism; only in [Page498-a+ 71] verses: viriy’ (= vīryam) ārabhante Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 13(349).8; °ya 26(52).10.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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