Vicitravirya, Vicitravīrya, Vicitra-virya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vicitravirya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vichitravirya.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vicitravirya in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य) figures as a male character in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—Vicitravīrya was the younger son of queen Satyavatī and King Śāntanu. His elder brother, Citrāṅgada, had initially succeeded their father to the throne of Hastināpura, but when he died childless, Vicitravīrya succeeded him. He was still a child when he was crowned king, thus Bhīṣma ruled as his regent. But later he became a good ruler. When the young king became at proper age to marry, Bhīṣma searched for him for a suitable bride. And he heard that the King of Kāśī was holding a Svayaṃvara for his three daughters. Since Vicitravīrya himself was yet too young to stand any chance of being chosen by the young women, Bhīṣma himself went to the Svayaṃvara. Bhīṣma won the Svayaṃvara and brought the Princesses Ambā, Ambikā and Ambālikā to marry Vicitravīrya. But Ambā had already given her heart to Śālva, therefore Ambikā and Ambālikā were married to Vicitravīrya. He became mad after those two princesses and thus giving up worldly affairs he got engaged in sensual enjoyment.—(cf. Bhīṣmacarita XII.55)

Unfortunately, shortly after his marriage, Vicitravīrya died of tuberculosis. As he died without an heir, Bhīṣma was asked by Satyavatī to produce the next generation by Vicitravīrya’s wives, Ambikā and Ambālikā. But Bhīṣma declined this as he had already vowed to remain celibate for life. He instructed Satyavatī to instead summon her son Vyāsa to father grandchildren for her. Ambikā subsequently gave birth to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, while Ambālikā bore Pāṇḍu.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vicitravirya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य):—Brother of Bādarāyaṇa (Vyāsadeva). He married Ambikā and her sister Ambālikā, but died of a heart attack because of his attachment to them.. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.21-24)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—Father of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (For further details see under Dhṛtarāṣṭra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—A Kṣetraja son of Matsyagandhī;1 a son of Śantanu and Dāsayī: married the two daughters of the Kāśī king—Ambikā and Ambālikā, gained in svayaṃvara by Bhīṣma. Being too much attached to them he took ill and died.2 By his appointment Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana gave two sons Dhṛtarāṣṭṛa, and Pāṇḍu to Ambikā and Vidura to Ambālikā, his queens.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 14. 17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 34.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 21-4; X. 49. 17; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 18; 99. 240; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 36-7.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 50. 45-7.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.95, I.63) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vicitravīrya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vicitravirya in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vichitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य): Vichitravirya was Bhishma's half brother, the younger son of queen Satyavati and king Santanu. Chitrangada, the elder brother of Vichitravirya, succeeded Santanu to the throne of Hastinapura. When he died childless, Vichitravirya, became king. He had two sons, Dhritarashtra and Pandu.

Source: JatLand: South Asia

Vichitra Virya or Vichitravirya (विचित्रवीर्य) was a Chandravanshi Kuru king of Hastinapura, who is mentioned in the great epic of the Mahābhārata. After death of Shantanu at the of around 72 and 52 years of reign, Vichitraveerya sat on the throne.

Shantanu was a Kuru king of Hastinapura. He was a descendant of the Bharata race, of the lunar dynasty and the ancestor of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. He was the youngest son of King Pratipa of Hastinapur and had been born in the latter's old age. The eldest son Devapi suffered from leprosy and abdicated his inheritance to become a hermit. The middle son Bahlika devoted his life to conquer the old Aryan territories near Balkh and hence, Shantanu become the King of Hastinapur.

Shantanu had son Bhishma from Ganga. He also married Satyavati. Shantanu and Satyavati had two sons, Chitrāngada and Vichitravirya.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vicitravirya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—Name of a king of the lunar race. [He was a son of Śantanu by his wife Satyavatī and so half-brother of Bhīṣma. When he died childless, his mother called Vyāsa (her own son before her marriage), and requested him to raise up issue to Vichitravīrya in accordance with the practice of Niyoga. He complied with the request, and begot on Ambikā and Ambālikā, the two widows of his brother, two sons Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Paṇḍu respectively.]

Derivable forms: vicitravīryaḥ (विचित्रवीर्यः).

Vicitravīrya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vicitra and vīrya (वीर्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य) or Vicitravīryya.—m.

(-ryaḥ) A sovereign, the 22nd monarch of the lunar dynasty in the third age, the son of Santanu and husband of Pandu'S mother. E. vicitra wonderful, vīrya power.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—[Vi-citra-], m. a proper name, Chr. 3, 6.

Vicitravīrya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vicitra and vīrya (वीर्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य):—[=vi-citra-vīrya] [from vi-citra] m. ‘of marvellous heroism’, Name of a celebrated king of the lunar race (the son of Śāṃtanu by his wife Satya-vatī, and so half-brother of Bhīṣma; when he died childless, his mother requested Vyāsa, whom she had borne before her marriage to the sage Parāśara, to raise up issue to Vicitra-vīrya; so Vyāsa married the two widows of his half-brother, Ambikā and Ambālikā, and by them became the father of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 375; 376]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य):—[vicitra-vīrya] (ryyaḥ) 1. m. Name of the 22nd sovereign of the lunar dynasty in the third age.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य):—m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Śaṃtanu (Śāṃtanu) und der Satyavatt, mit dessen Gattin Vyāsa Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Pāṇḍu und Vidura zeugte, [Mahābhārata 1, 94. 2441. 3803. fgg. 4069. 4126. fgg. 5906.] [Harivaṃśa 970. 1825. 3009.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 459.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 20. 23.] f. die Mutter Vicitravīrya’s d. i. Satyavati [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 11.] — Vgl. vaicitravīrya, vaicitravīryaka .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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