Antaraya, aka: Antarāya, Antar-aya; 11 Definition(s)
Antaraya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)
Antarāya (अन्तराय, “intervention”) refers to “extending impediments to acquisition of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.
Antarāya is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Antarāya (अन्तराय).—What is meant by ‘extending impediments to acquisition of knowledge (antarāya)’? To cause obstacles in the learning or acquisition of knowledge, to others is ‘extending impediments to acquisition of knowledge’ (antarāya).Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Antarāya (अन्तराय) or Antarāyakarma refers to one of the eight types of karma, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.1.—What is the meaning of obstructing (antarāya) karmas? It means the karmas which obstructs, or creates obstructions in the successful completion of an activity.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Antarāya (अन्तराय) refers to “obstructive (karmas)” and represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—Accordingly, “what is meant by obstructing karmas (antarāya)? The rise of which causes obstructions in the dispositions of gain, charity, enjoyment and potency is called obstructing karma... Obstruction means to obstruct /stop or cause hindrance. The karma rise of which causes obstruction in giving charity or receiving gifts is called obstructing karma”.
There are five types of obstructing karmas (antarāya):
- charity obstructing (dāna-antrāya),
- gain obstructing (lābha-antrāya),
- enjoyment obstructing (bhoga-antarāya),
- repeated enjoyment (upabhoga-antarāya),
- energy obstructing (vīrya-antarāya).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Antar-āya.—(EI 22, 23; SII 1, 2), explained as ‘a tax’, ‘revenue’ or ‘a kind of revenue’; same as antar-ādāya; also explained as internal revenue or taxes levied by local bodies, called uḻvari in Tamil (SITI). Note: antar-āya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
antarāya : (m.) obstacle; danger.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Antarāya, 2 (adv.) (Dat. of antara or formation fr. antara + ger. of i?) in the meantime Sn.1120 (cp Nd2 58) = antarā SnA. 603. (Page 48)
2) Antarāya, 1 (antara + aya from i, lit. “coming in between”) obstacle, hindrance, impediment to (-°); prevention, bar; danger, accident to (-). There are 10 dangers (to or from) enumd. at Vin.I, 112, 169 etc., viz. rāja°, cora°, aggi°, udaka°, manussa°, amanussa°, vāḷa°, siriṃsapa°, jīvita°, brahmacariya°. In B.Sk. 7 at Divy 544, viz. rājā-caura-manuṣy-amanuṣya-vyāḍ-agny-udakaṃ. — D.I, 3, 25, 26; A.III, 243, 306; IV, 320; Sn.691, 692; Dh.286 (= jīvit° DhA.III, 431); J.I, 62, 128; KhA 181; DhA II 52; VvA.1 = PvA.1 (hat° removing the obstacles) —antarāyaṃ karoti to keep away from, hinder, hold back, prevent, destroy Vin.I, 15; J.VI, 171; Vism.120; PvA.20.
—kara one who causes impediments or bars the way, an obstructor D.I, 227; S.I, 34; A.I, 161; Pv IV.322. (Page 48)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
antarāya (अंतराय).—s m (S) Obstacle, obstruction, impediment.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
antarāya (अंतराय).—m Obstacle, obstruction, impedi- ment.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Antaraya (अन्तरय) or Antarāya (अन्तराय).—
1) An impediment, obstacle, hindrance, what stands in the way; स चेत् त्वमन्तरायो भवसि च्युतो विधिः (sa cet tvamantarāyo bhavasi cyuto vidhiḥ) R.3.45,14.65; बह्वन्तराययुक्तस्य धर्मस्य त्वरिता गतिः (bahvantarāyayuktasya dharmasya tvaritā gatiḥ) Pt.3.11; अस्य ते बाणपथवर्तिनः कृष्णसारस्य अन्तरायौ तपस्विनौ संवृत्तौ (asya te bāṇapathavartinaḥ kṛṣṇasārasya antarāyau tapasvinau saṃvṛttau) Ś.1 v. l. standing in the way.
2) (In Vedānta) Hindrance to the concentration of mind which is said to be of four kinds, लय, विक्षेप, कषाय (laya, vikṣepa, kaṣāya) and रसास्वाद (rasāsvāda).
3) An intervention, a covering, screen; दाहप्रेम्णा सरसविसिनीपत्रमा- त्रान्तरायः (dāhapremṇā sarasavisinīpatramā- trāntarāyaḥ) Māl.3.12.
4) (With the Jainas) Interference or obstruction offered to those who are engaged in seeking deliverance, and consequent prevention of their accomplishment of it; one of the 8 classes of karman.
Derivable forms: antarayaḥ (अन्तरयः), antarāyaḥ (अन्तरायः).
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Antarāya (अन्तराय).—See s. v.
Antarāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and āya (आय). See also (synonyms): antarāla.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Antaraya, Antarāya or Antar-aya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Tiruppalaitturai < [Chapter II - Temples of Kulottunga I’s Time]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter V.c - Prabhācandra’s refutation of Bauddha and Sāṃkhya view of Karman < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Chapter V.e - Prabhācandra’s view about omniscience (kevala-jñāna) < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Chapter V.d - Nature of liberation (mokṣa) < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 16 - Karma, Āsrava and Nirjarā < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 15 - Karma Theory < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Vinaya Pitaka (2): The Analysis of Nun’ Rules (Bhikkhuni-vibhanga) (by I. B. Horner)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 1.2: types of karma < [Appendices]
Appendix 1.3: The Fourteen Guṇasthānas < [Appendices]
Part 21: Sermon on the kaṣāyas < [Chapter V - Śrī Dharmanāthacaritra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)