Antaraya, Antarāya, Antar-aya, Amtaraya: 21 definitions


Antaraya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Antarāya (अन्तराय, “intervention”) refers to “extending impediments to acquisition of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

Antarāya is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

1) Antarāya (अन्तराय) refers to “obstructive (karmas)” (i.e., ‘karmas which obstructs, or creates obstructions in the successful completion of an activity’), and represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra verse 2.1 and chapter 8.—Accordingly, “what is meant by obstructing karmas (antarāya)? The rise of which causes obstructions in the dispositions of gain, charity, enjoyment and potency is called obstructing karma... Obstruction means to obstruct /stop or cause hindrance. The karma rise of which causes obstruction in giving charity or receiving gifts is called obstructing karma”.

There are five types of obstructing karmas (antarāya):

  1. charity obstructing (dāna-antrāya),
  2. gain obstructing (lābha-antrāya),
  3. enjoyment obstructing (bhoga-antarāya),
  4. repeated enjoyment (upabhoga-antarāya),
  5. energy obstructing (vīrya-antarāya). 

2) Antarāya (अन्तराय) refers to ‘extending impediments to acquisition of knowledge’.—To cause obstacles in the learning or acquisition of knowledge, to others is ‘extending impediments to acquisition of knowledge’ (antarāya).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Antarāya (अन्तराय) refers to the “obstacles”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Glory to the great tree that is stopping the influx of karma whose opponent is conquered [com.—whose obstacle is destroyed (naṣṭāntarāyaḥ)], which is rooted in all the rules of conduct for a mendicant, whose great trunk is restraint, whose full branches are tranquillity, which is covered with the blossom of virtue [and] is beautiful because of producing whole fruit through the reflections. [Thus ends the reflection on] stopping the influx of karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Antar-āya.—(EI 22, 23; SII 1, 2), explained as ‘a tax’, ‘revenue’ or ‘a kind of revenue’; same as antar-ādāya; also explained as internal revenue or taxes levied by local bodies, called uḻvari in Tamil (SITI). Note: antar-āya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antaraya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

antarāya : (m.) obstacle; danger.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Antarāya, 2 (adv.) (Dat. of antara or formation fr. antara + ger. of i?) in the meantime Sn.1120 (cp Nd2 58) = antarā SnA. 603. (Page 48)

2) Antarāya, 1 (antara + aya from i, lit. “coming in between”) obstacle, hindrance, impediment to (-°); prevention, bar; danger, accident to (-). There are 10 dangers (to or from) enumd. at Vin.I, 112, 169 etc., viz. rāja°, cora°, aggi°, udaka°, manussa°, amanussa°, vāḷa°, siriṃsapa°, jīvita°, brahmacariya°. In B.Sk. 7 at Divy 544, viz. rājā-caura-manuṣy-amanuṣya-vyāḍ-agny-udakaṃ. — D.I, 3, 25, 26; A.III, 243, 306; IV, 320; Sn.691, 692; Dh.286 (= jīvit° DhA.III, 431); J.I, 62, 128; KhA 181; DhA II 52; VvA.1 = PvA.1 (hat° removing the obstacles) —antarāyaṃ karoti to keep away from, hinder, hold back, prevent, destroy Vin.I, 15; J.VI, 171; Vism.120; PvA.20.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antarāya (अंतराय).—s m (S) Obstacle, obstruction, impediment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antarāya (अंतराय).—m Obstacle, obstruction, impedi- ment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antaraya (अन्तरय) or Antarāya (अन्तराय).—

1) An impediment, obstacle, hindrance, what stands in the way; स चेत् त्वमन्तरायो भवसि च्युतो विधिः (sa cet tvamantarāyo bhavasi cyuto vidhiḥ) R.3.45,14.65; बह्वन्तराययुक्तस्य धर्मस्य त्वरिता गतिः (bahvantarāyayuktasya dharmasya tvaritā gatiḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.11; अस्य ते बाणपथवर्तिनः कृष्णसारस्य अन्तरायौ तपस्विनौ संवृत्तौ (asya te bāṇapathavartinaḥ kṛṣṇasārasya antarāyau tapasvinau saṃvṛttau) Ś.1 v. l. standing in the way.

2) (In Vedānta) Hindrance to the concentration of mind which is said to be of four kinds, लय, विक्षेप, कषाय (laya, vikṣepa, kaṣāya) and रसास्वाद (rasāsvāda).

3) An intervention, a covering, screen; दाहप्रेम्णा सरसविसिनीपत्रमा- त्रान्तरायः (dāhapremṇā sarasavisinīpatramā- trāntarāyaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.12.

4) (With the Jainas) Interference or obstruction offered to those who are engaged in seeking deliverance, and consequent prevention of their accomplishment of it; one of the 8 classes of karman.

Derivable forms: antarayaḥ (अन्तरयः), antarāyaḥ (अन्तरायः).

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Antarāya (अन्तराय).—See s. v.

Antarāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and āya (आय). See also (synonyms): antarāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Antarāya (अन्तराय).—nt. (only m. in Sanskrit and Pali), hindrance: Lalitavistara 111.6 (verse) na cāntarāyam iha. (Could perhaps be analyzed as °rāya-m-iha, with ‘hiatus-bridging’ m.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāya (अन्तराय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Obstacle, impediment. E. antara between, iṇa to go, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāya (अन्तराय).—i. e. antar-i + a, m. Obstacle, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 87.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāya (अन्तराय).—[masculine] obstacle, impediment, interval, anything that comes between.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antarāya (अन्तराय):—[=antar-āya] a See antar-√i.

2) Antaraya (अन्तरय):—[=antar-aya] a etc. See antar-√i.

3) Antarāya (अन्तराय):—b See antar-√i.

4) Antaraya (अन्तरय):—[=antar-aya] [from antar-i] 1. antar-aya m. impediment, hindrance, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra] (cf. an-antaraya.)

5) [v.s. ...] 2. antar-aya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] -ayati See antar-√i.

6) Antarāya (अन्तराय):—[=antar-āya] [from antar-i] c m. intervention, obstacle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaraya (अन्तरय):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-yaḥ) An obstacle, an impediment. Comp. antarāya and antarayaṇa. E. i or ay with antar, kṛt aff. ac.

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Antarāya (अन्तराय):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-yaḥ) 1) Obstacle, impediment. Comp. antaraya, antarayaṇa.

2) (In the Sāṅkhya and Yoga philos.) A mental, moral or physical obstruction by which the mind is abstracted and the knowledge of the Transcendent prevented (cittavikṣepa, the reserve of cittaprasādana); there are nine, viz. sickness, dullness, uncertainty, careless indifference, laziness, covetousness, erroneous apprehension, non-attainment of the ground of meditation and having obtained the latter not keeping it (compare vyādhi, styāna, saṃśaya, pramāda, ālasya, avirati, bhrāntidarśana, alabdhabhūmikatva, anavasthitatva); they are accompanied by four kinds of pain, viz. fidget, trembling, sighing and farting (comp. duḥkha, daurmanasya, aṅgamejayatva, śvāsa and praśvāsa, the latter term thus explained: yatkaukṣyaṃ vāyuṃ niścārayati sa praśvāsaḥ).

3) (In the doctrine of the Jainas.) Obstruction offered to those engaged in seeking deliverance and consequent prevention of their accomplishment of it; one of the four categories of mischievous acts (for the others compare jñānavaraṇīya, darśanavaraṇīya and mohanīya). E. antara and āya (i, kṛt aff. aṇ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāya (अन्तराय):—[antarā+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Obstacle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Antarāya (अन्तराय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃtarāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antaraya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṃtarāya (अंतराय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Antarāya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtarāya (ಅಂತರಾಯ):—

1) [noun] that which hinders the natural movement, happening or progress; a hindrance; an obstacle.

2) [noun] (jain.) one of the four impediments, caused by one’s sinful deeds, in the way to final salvation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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