Shridhara, aka: Śrīdharā, Shri-dhara, Śrīdhara; 15 Definition(s)
Shridhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śrīdharā and Śrīdhara can be transliterated into English as Sridhara or Shridhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
A Sridhara stone has the marks of five lines, that of a garland of forest flowers and that of a club.(Source): archive.org: The Garuda puranam
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—A king who lived in Tretāyuga. (For more information see under Varatanu).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—A name of Viṣṇu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर, “The bearer of Śrī who listens-to-prayers”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Medhā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 57. The temple is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Śrīdhara is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Śrīdharā (श्रीधरा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first four, the tenth, the eleventh, the thirteenth, the fourteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Mandākrāntā.
Śrīdharā falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) refers to one of the many varieties of the Śālagrāma (ammonite fossil stones).—The Śrīdhara stone is very small in size (ati-kṣudra) and shape of a kadamba flower, five lines suggesting vanamālā and mace; two cakras. Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They (eg., Śrīdhara stones) are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone.(Source): archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—A grammarian of the last century who has written a commentary named श्रीधरी (śrīdharī) after him, on the Paribhasendusekhara.(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) is the name of a Brāhman, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Kumidikā said to king Vikramasiṃha: “... I have an affection for a Brahman's son, of the name of Śrīdhara, in Ujjayinī, whom the king has thrown into prison for a very small fault, so deliver him out of the king’s hand”.
2) Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) is the name of a Brāhman from Mālava, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 63. Accordingly, “... there was a famous Brāhman in Mālava, named Śrīdhara, and twin sons, of like feature, were born to him. The elder was named Yaśodhara, and his younger brother was Lakṣmīdhara. And when they grew up, the two brothers set out together for a foreign country to study, with the approval of their father...”.
3) Śrīdhara (श्रीधर) is the son of Mahīdhara, chaplain (purodhas) of king Mahendrāditya from Avanti, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 120. Accordingly, as sage Kaṇva narrated to Naravāhanadatta: “... When some more days had passed, there was born to that king’s minister named Sumati a son, of the name of Mahāmati, and the warder Vajrāyudha had a son born to him, named Bhadrāyudha, and the chaplain Mahīdhara had a son of the name of Śrīdhara. And that prince Vikramāditya grew up with those three ministers’ sons as with spirit, courage and might”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śrīdhara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—Another important commentary on Praśastapāda’s Bhāṣya is Nyāyakaṇḍalī written by Śrīdhara. According to his own proof, he flourished in 991 A.D.68 He was a native of the village of Bhurisṛsti in Bengal. Gopinath Kaviraj mentions that Śrīdhara wrote four works. These are: Advayasiddhi, a Vedāntic work, Tattvaprabodha, a Mīmāṃsā work Tattvasaṃvādinī and Nyāya-Kaṇḍalī.
Śrīdhara accepts the existence of God and the category of non-existence. He again mentions in his work that Yogins get knowledge through their internal organ. He made clear Praśastapāda’s view of the relation between an instrument of knowledge and its result. Perception is also an instrument of knowledge. In this work, detailed discussion of the seven categories is found. In the conclusion he states the name of the village in which he lived, the names of his parents and the date of the composition of his work(Source): Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (vaisesika)
Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sridhar Acharya (c. 870, India – c. 930 India) was an Indian mathematician, Sanskrit pundit and philosopher. He was born in Bhurishresti (Bhurisristi or Bhurshut) village in South Radha (at present Hughli) in the 10th Century AD. His father's name was Baladev Acharya and mother's name was Acchoka. His father was also a Sanskrit pundit.
He was known for two treatises: Trisatika (sometimes called the Patiganitasara) and the Patiganita. His major work Patiganitasara was named Trisatika because it was written in three hundred slokas. The book discusses counting of numbers, measures, natural number, multiplication, division, zero, squares, cubes, fraction, rule of three, interest-calculation, joint business or partnership and mensuration.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
The mathematical works of Śrīdhara were very popular and made him quite famous. In spite of his great popularity, some controversies have been raised about his life, work, and time, such as whether he was a Hindu or a Jaina, and whether he wrote before or after Mahāvīra (ninth century AD). Some uncertainties exist because Śrīdhara's works are not fully extant. Often he is confused with other authors of the same name.
Like so many ancient Indian authors, Śrīdhara did not provide any information about himself in his works. Other sources have not been helpful in finding any glimpse of his personal life. So we do not know his parents or teachers, or even where he was born, educated, or worked. But some evidence shows that he was a Saivite Hindu. An example in his Pāṭīgaṇita is about the payment for the worship of the five‐faced Hindu god Śiva. He starts his Triśatikā with a homage to the same god.(Source): Springer: Śrīdhara
General definition (in Jainism)
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—Ārya Śrīdhara was Pārśvanātha’s sixth Gaṇadhara. His father’s name was Nāgabala and mother's name was Mahāsundarī. He got married to king Prasenajita’s daughter Rājamatī. Remembering his past birth and the untimely death of his younger brother became the prime reasons for his taking initiation.(Source): HereNow4U: Lord Śrī Pārśvanātha
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Śrīdhara Paṇḍita (fl. 1095 A.D.) is mentioned in the “Kharepāṭaṇ plates of Anantadeva I”. Accordingly, “This (grant) was secured by Śrīdhara Paṇḍita, the door-keeper of the king, by propitiateing the Kuṅkaṇa-Chakravartin, the illustrious Anantadeva”.
These copper plates (mentioning Śrīdhara) were in the possession of Mr. Ramachandra Sivram Desai of Khārepāṭaṇ in Ratnāgiri District, Mahārāṣṭra. It is dated on the first tithi of the bright fortnight of Māgha in the Śaka year 1016, the cyclic year being Bhāva.(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—epithets of Viṣṇu.
Derivable forms: śrīdharaḥ (श्रीधरः).
Śrīdhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and dhara (धर). See also (synonyms): śrīdayita.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 32 books and stories containing Shridhara, Śrīdharā, Shri-dhara or Śrīdhara. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter VIII - Description of the mode of worshipping Vishnu < [Agastya Samhita]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Episode of Vidyudaṅga < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 12: Incarnation of Vindhyaśakti as Tāraka < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 4: Initiation of Lakṣmaṇa’s sons < [Chapter X - Rāma’s mokṣa (emancipation)]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)