Shalagrama, aka: Śālagrāma, Sālagrāma, Salagrama, Shala-grama; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shalagrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śālagrāma can be transliterated into English as Salagrama or Shalagrama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Śālagrāma (शालग्राम) refers to “ammonite fossil stones”.—Śālagrāma stones are very ancient geological specimens, rendered rounded and smooth by water-currents in a great length of time. They are distinguished by the ammonite (śālā, described as “vajra-kīṭa”, “adamantine worms”) which having entered into them for residence, are fossilized in course of time, leaving discus-like marks inside the stone. Such marks alone make the stone eligible to be called a śālagrāma and worshipped. Legends describe that Viṣṇu himself enters into these stones in the form of śāla creatures and makes his presence felt by the discus-marks. Thus a śālagrāma is verily the image of Viṣṇu.

Śālagrāmas (ammonite fossil stones), recovered from the Gaṇḍaki river-bed in Nepāl, are regarded as exceedingly precious and sacred. Viṣṇnu is believed to be present in them, and these stones require neither consecration nor any ritual in fusion of divinity in them; they are worship-worthy as they are.

The śālagrāma to become one must not only have one or more discus-like marks (cakras) near an opening in the stone (called ‘vadana’, “mouth” or ‘śīla-dvāra’, “the gate by which the śāla had entered”), but also lines, scratches or holes on the surface suggesting several emblems of Viṣṇu, like vana-mālā (garland), padma (lotus), gadā (mace), kaustubha (chest-ornament) and so on. Perfectly smooth (snigdha) and blue-black (mecaka) Śālagrāmas are regarded as best if the colour is like washed coal or bluish, the śālagrāma stone is of midling merit If the colour is tawny (piṅgala), yellowish (pīta), ash-grey (dhūmābha) or red (rakta-varṇa) the stone is to be avoided.

Source: archive.org: Pratima Kosa Encyclopedia of Indian Iconography - Vol 6
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana

Shalagrama in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sālagrāma (सालग्राम) refers to a place at the origin of river Gaṇḍakī. There are various kinds of stone figures which are called Sālagrāmas. These Sālagrāmas themselves have orginated from portions of Viṣṇu. That is why those stones are used for making images of Viṣṇu.

1) Sālagrāma is the kind of ammonite, used for making the image of Viṣṇu.

2) Mahāviṣṇu is known by the name Sālagrāma also.

3) Sālagrāma is the name of the place from where the river Gaṇḍakī, which flows through Nepal, starts. This Sālagrāma is considered to be a holy place. Mahāviṣṇu and other gods always dwell in this place. Sālagrāma is the name of Viṣṇu who dwells in Sālagrāma.

Different classes of sālagrāmas:

  1. Lakṣmīnārāyaṇa.
  2. Lakṣmījanārdana.
  3. Raghunātha.
  4. Vāmana.
  5. Śrīdhara.
  6. Dāmodara.
  7. Raṇarāma.
  8. Rājarājeśvara.
  9. Ananta.
  10. Madhusūdana.
  11. Sudarśana.
  12. Gadādhara.
  13. Hayagrīva.
  14. Nārasiṃha.
  15. Lakṣmīnarasiṃha.
  16. Vāsudeva.
  17. Pradyumna.
  18. Saṅkarṣaṇa.
  19. Aniruddha.
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Śālagrāma (शालग्राम).—The place where Pulastya and Pulaha had their hermitages. Sages of this locality visited Dvārakā;1 fit for śrāddha performance;2 sacred to Mahādevī and the Pitṛs;3 the Nāgarāṭ tīrtha at.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 8. 30; X. 90. 28 [3].
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 89; 25. 66;
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 33; 22. 62.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 88-89.

2) Sālagrāma (सालग्राम).—The place to which Āgnīdhra retired after dividing Jambūdvīpa among his nine sons;1 yoga practised by Bharata at.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 24.
  • 2) Ib. II. 1. 34; 13. 4 and 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Shalagrama in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

The Shalagram-stones that are worshipped are only those which are picked up from the Himalayan stream Gandaki. The Shalagram stones are generally associated with Vishnu and are regarded as representations (pratika) of Vishnu; but there are also Shalagram stones representing some forms of Shiva, some forms of Shakti, Surya, and Ganesh. The entire panchayatana worship, an account of which has been given, could be carried out by having the Shalagram stones signifying the five deities.

etymology: The expression Shalagrama, which is of the Puranic celebrity, refers to a particular site in the course of this stream, where the sacred stones were found in profusion. The site was once a village, which was distinguished by the Shala-trees, or by the one grand specimen of the species (as the story told hereafter suggests); hence the name 'Shala-grama'. The word 'Saala' is derived from the root 'shala gatau' (meaning "to move") (anikriti shaalas siddhyati'), and signifies any tree (which is moved by wind 'shalati vayunaa chalatiiti'), but refers principally to the tree mentioned above (cf. the lexicon Visva, which says 'shaalo haale nripa matsya-prabhede sarja-paadape'). Ancient and medieval treatises on Indian medicinal plants give the name of a group of large trees as 'shaladi-varga' (dipterocarpeae), which includes not only the Shala-trees (Shorea robusta), but also Sarja (Vateria indica, Garjana (Dipterocarpus alatus) and Bhimasena-karpura (Dryobalanops aromatica or what is commonly called Sumatra camphor). The Shala-trees grow in the Himalayan foothills, and prevail from Kangra valley to Assam.

Source: salagram.net: Salagram kosha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Shalagrama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śālagrāma (शालग्राम).—m (Properly śāligrāma) The stone sacred to Vishn̤u.

--- OR ---

śāḷagrāma (शाळग्राम).—& śāḷigrāma m Corrupted from śāligrāma.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shalagrama in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śālagrāma (शालग्राम).—a kind of sacred stone said to be typical of Viṣṇu, as the Phallus is of Śiva. °गिरि (giri) Name of a mountain. °शिला (śilā) the Śālagrāma stone.

Derivable forms: śālagrāmaḥ (शालग्रामः).

Śālagrāma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śāla and grāma (ग्राम).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 682 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shala
1) Śāla (शाल) refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second ...
Grama
Grāma (ग्राम) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reig...
Gramani
Grāmaṇī (ग्रामणी).—A bhūtagaṇa (set of attendants) of Śiva. Sins of those who worship this gaṇa...
Nandigrama
Nandigrāma (नन्दिग्राम) or Naṃdinagara is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majj...
Mahashala
Mahāsāla (महासाल).—A King of the Aṅga dynasty. He was the son of Janamejaya and father of Mahām...
Dharmashala
Dharmaśālā (धर्मशाला).—1) a court of justice, tribunal. 2) any charitabla institution. Dharmaśā...
Duhshala
Duḥśala (दुःशल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ...
Trishala
Triśāla (त्रिशाल).—a house with three halls or chambers. Derivable forms: triśālam (त्रिशालम्)....
Ekasala
Ekasālā (एकसाला) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) o...
Brahmashala
Brahmaśālā (ब्रह्मशाला).—A holy place. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 87, ...
Shaligrama
Śāligrāma (शालिग्राम).—(s. v. śālagrāmaḥ above); शालिग्रामशिलानां च दानानां च निरूपणम् (śāligrā...
Nrityashala
Nṛtyaśālā (नृत्यशाला).—a dancing hall. Nṛtyaśālā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Bhutagrama
Bhūtagrāma (भूतग्राम).—1) the whole multitude or aggregate of living beings; U.7; भूतग्रामः स ए...
Pakashala
Pākaśālā (पाकशाला).—a kitchen. Pākaśālā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pāka and...
Gramastha
Grāmastha (ग्रामस्थ).—a. 1) a villager. 2) a covillager. Derivable forms: grāmasthaḥ (ग्रामस्थः...

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