Shrigala, Śṛgāla, Sṛgāla, Srigala: 17 definitions
Shrigala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śṛgāla and Sṛgāla can be transliterated into English as Srgala or Shrigala or Srigala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Śṛgāla (शृगाल)—Sanskrit word for the animal “jackal”. This animal is from the group called Guhāśaya (‘which have a lair’, or, ‘cave-dwelling mammals’). Guhāśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study
Sṛgāla (सृगाल) refers to the Golden Jackal (Canis aureus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Śṛgāla (शृगाल).—A King of the "Strī rājya". This king had attended the Svayaṃvara of the daughter of Citrāṅgada, king of Kaliṅga. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 7)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Sṛgāla (सृगाल) refers to “jackals”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] Within villages, inauspicious vixens howled hideously vomitting fires; as it were, through their mouths along with the hissing and twanging sounds of the hootings and howlings of owls and jackals [i.e., sṛgāla-ulūka-ṭaṅkāra]. Lifting up their necks, the dogs barked in diverse ways producing sounds of singing or lamenting here and there. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts
Śṛgāla (शृगाल) refers to the animal “Golden jackal” (Canis aureus).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Śṛgāla] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Sṛgāla (सृगाल, ‘jackal’) is not found until the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (xii. 5, 2, 5), but is common in the Epic.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Śṛgāla (शृगाल, “jackal”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If they have deceived honest people (sajjanāvamāna), they take the body of [for example], a jackal (śṛgāla).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
śṛgāla (शृगाल).—m A male jackal. śṛgālī f A female jackal.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śṛgāla (शृगाल).—[asṛjaṃ lāti lā-ka pṛṣo°]
1) A jackal.
2) A cheat, rogue, swindler.
3) A coward.
4) An ill-natured man, one using harsh words.
5) Name of Kṛṣṇa.
Derivable forms: śṛgālaḥ (शृगालः).
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Sṛgāla (सृगाल).—A jackal; see शृगाल (śṛgāla).
Derivable forms: sṛgālaḥ (सृगालः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ) 1. A shakal or jackal. 2. A coward, a poltroon. 3. A rogue, a cheat. 4. An ill-natured or harsh-speaking man. 5. A demon so named. 6. Krishna. f. (-lī) 1. Flight, retreat. 2. A fox. 3. A she-jackal. E. śṛj to create or abandon, (deceit, &c.) kālan aff.; or śṛṅga a horn, a negative prefix, lā to possess, aff. ka, deriv. irr.; also sṛgāla, &c.
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(-laḥ) 1. A jackal. 2. A Daitya or demon. E. sṛj to let go, kālan aff; more usually śṛgāla .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śṛgāla (शृगाल).—I. m. 1. Ajackal, [Hitopadeśa] 52, 4, M. M. 2. A rogue. 3. A coward. 4. A demon. 5. Kṛṣṇa. Ii. f. lī. 1. A she-jackal, [Pañcatantra] 220, 9. 2. A fox.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śṛgāla (शृगाल).—v. sṛgāla.
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Sṛgāla (सृगाल).—[masculine] sṛgālī & sṛgālikā [feminine] jackal.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śṛgāla (शृगाल):—(also written śṛkāla) m. a jackal etc. See sṛgāla.
2) Sṛgāla (सृगाल):—m. (also written śṛgāla; of doubtful derivation), a jackal, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.
3) a [particular] tree, [Mahābhārata] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])
4) Name of a Vāsudeva (ruler of Karavīra-pura), [Harivaṃśa]
5) of a Daitya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) a rogue, cheat, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) a coward, poltroon, [ib.]
8) an ill-natured or harsh-speaking man, [ib.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śṛgāla (शृगाल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Idem; a demon; a poltroon; a cheat; cross man; Krishna. f.
(-ī) Flight; a fox.
2) Sṛgāla (सृगाल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A jackal; a demon.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sṛgāla (सृगाल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Siāla.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+25): Shrikala, Shrigalajambu, Shrigalakoli, Shrigalakantaka, Shargala, Shrigalarupa, Shrigalayoni, Srigalasthimaya, Ashvashrigalika, Shakradeva, Vatiya, Srigalagartiya, Srigalavatiya, Srigalavati, Srigalavadana, Srigalaghanti, Srigalavrinta, Srigalagarta, Srigalavastuka, Shrigalavinna.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Shrigala, Śṛgāla, Sṛgāla, Srigala, Srgala, Sṛgāḷa; (plurals include: Shrigalas, Śṛgālas, Sṛgālas, Srigalas, Srgalas, Sṛgāḷas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 44 - Battle with Shrigala < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 39 - Krishna Meets with Parasurama < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 46 - Baladeva Visits Vraja < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics (by Saranya P.S)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Story of the exertion of the jackal < [Chapter XXIII - The Virtue of Morality]
The beings of the threefold world (traidhātuka) < [The world of transmigration]
II. How to meditate on the nine notions (navasaṃjñā) < [Part 1 - The nine notions according to the Abhidharma]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.1.35 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma (the earthly plane)]
Verse 2.4.85-86 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 4 - Remedies Against the Injuries of One’s Own Army < [Book 14 - Secret Means]