Dvadashamurti, Dvādaśamūrti: 2 definitions


Dvadashamurti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dvādaśamūrti can be transliterated into English as Dvadasamurti or Dvadashamurti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashamurti in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dvādaśamūrti (द्वादशमूर्ति).—An epithet of the Sun god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 76; IV. 34. 75.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[«previous next»] — Dvadashamurti in Shilpashastra glossary
Source: academia.edu: Dvādaśa-mūrti in Tamil Tradition (iconography)

Dvādaśamūrti (द्वादशमूर्ति) refers to the “twelve sacred names of Viṣṇu”, whose iconographical details are mentioned in the Śrītattvanidhi (verse 2.19-42) citing the Pāñcarātrāgama-Kriyapāda.

The Caturviṃśatimūrtilakṣaṇa fixes the emblems in the following pattern (clockwise from right parahasta to left parahasta, left pūrvahasta and right pūrvahasta):

  1. Keśava (śaṅkha, Cakra, Gāda, Padma);
  2. Nārāyaṇa (padma, Gāda, Cakra, Śaṅkha);
  3. Mādhava (cakra, Śaṅkha, Padma, Gāda);
  4. Govinda (gāda, Padma, Śaṅkha, Cakra);
  5. Viṣṇu (padma, Śaṅkha, Cakra, Gāda);
  6. Madhusūdana (śaṅkha, Padma, Gāda, Cakra);
  7. Trivikrama (gāda, Cakra, Śaṅkha, Padma);
  8. Vāmana (cakra, Gāda, Padma, Śaṅkha);
  9. Śrīdhara (cakra, Gāda, Śaṅkha, Padma);
  10. Hṛśīkeśa (cakra, Padma, Śaṅkha, Gāda);
  11. Padmanābha (padma, Cakra, Gāda, Śaṅkha);
  12. Dāmodara (śaṅkha, Gāda, Cakra, Padma);
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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