Shrikara, aka: Shri-kara, Śrīkara; 9 Definition(s)


Shrikara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrīkara can be transliterated into English as Srikara or Shrikara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

1) Śrīkara (श्रीकर):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Suprabhedāgama, which describes a list of 13 types. This list represents the earliest form of the classification of temples in the South Indian Vāstuśāstra literature. The name is also mentioned in the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

2) Śrīkara (श्रीकर) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Ekatala (one-storey) group of prāsādas.

The Śrīkara variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:

Number of talas (levels): 1;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Square;
Number of śālas: 4 (bhadras);

3) Śrīkara (श्रीकर) also refers to a category of gopura, which is the “tower” built above the gateway of a house, palace or Buddhist monastery.

4) Śrīkara (श्रीकर, “acquiring wealth”) refers to one of the twelve effects of āya (“profit”), according to the Mānasāra. Āya is the first of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular āya (eg., śrīkara) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The twelve effects of āya may all be assumed as auspicious.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Śrīkara (श्रीकर) is a variety of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’), according to the Kāśyapaśilpa. The word adhiṣṭhāna refers to the ‘pedestal’ or ‘base’ on which a structure is built. Śrīkara is classified under its parent group named pratibandha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Śrīkara (श्रीकर) or Śrīkarasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (eg., Śrīkara-saṃhitā).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Shrikara in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śrīkara (श्रीकर) is the name of an undatable writer of Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system.—Two other authors discovered by Thākur are Vidyādhara Miśra and Śrīkara. All of them are Vaiśeṣikas. (cf. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. II, p.685)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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India history and geogprahy

Śrīkāra.—(LP), recognition by writing. Note: śrīkāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Shrikara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śrīkāra (श्रीकार).—m The word śrī written at the top of a book, letter, or other piece of writing as an invocation to Gan̤esha. 2 Amongst clothiers and others. The direction or mark written on a piece of goods. 3 Laxly. The heading of an account or other paper.

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śrīkāra (श्रीकार).—a Opulent or substantial; flourishing, thriving, reputable;--as a merchant or tradesman.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shrikara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śrīkara (श्रीकर).—an epithet of Viṣṇu.

-ram the red lotus.

Derivable forms: śrīkaraḥ (श्रीकरः).

Śrīkara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and kara (कर).

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Śrīkāra (श्रीकार).—the word 'श्री (śrī)' written at the top of a letter, (as an auspicious beginning).

Derivable forms: śrīkāraḥ (श्रीकारः).

Śrīkāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śrī and kāra (कार).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śrīkāra (श्रीकार).—m. or nt. (compare Sanskrit Lex. śrīkara, nt., the red lotus, Trik., which uses Buddh. sources; also Apte), a kind of lotus flower: śrīkāra-padmaṃ juhuyāt, padmaśriya āgacchati Mmk 712.20 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śrīkara (श्रीकर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā or rī-raṃ) Giving fortune or prosperity. m.

(-raḥ) Vishnu. n.

(-raṃ) The red lotus. E. śrī fortune, and kara who makes or confers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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