Kanishka, Kaniṣka: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kanishka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kaniṣka can be transliterated into English as Kaniska or Kanishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

1) Hushka, Jushka and Kanishka are three Turushka Kings reigning in Kashmir around 1765-1645 BCE, according to Kalhana.—Kalhana mentions that the three Turushka kings named Hushka, Jushka and Kanishka reigned over Kashmir 150 years after Buddha nirvana (1865 BCE). Most probably, Buddhism reached north-western India before the reign of Kalashoka (1765-1737 BCE). Hushka, Jushka and Kanishka of Gilgit region established their rule in Kashmir and promoted Buddhism. They built three cities in Kashmir namely Hushkapura, Jushkapura and Kanishkapura.

2) King Kanishka, the great patron of Buddhism (1130-1080 BCE).—Kushana King Kanishka flourished 700 years after Buddha nirvana (1865 BCE) as recorded in Samyuktaratnapitakasutra. Thus, Kanishka must be dated after 1165 BCE. Gilgit Manuscript of Vinayavastu also confirms that Kanishka became king 400 years after the nirvana of Vajrapani (1565 BCE). Hiuen Tsang also tells us that King Kanishka’s Guru Sangharaksha lived 700 years after Buddha nirvana.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Sectarian Differences In Jain Order (II)

Kaniṣka (कनिष्क) ascended the throne in the early 7th century of V.N. i.e., after the Śaka colander came into existence. He built a new city called Puruṣpura -Peshawar and made it his capital. King Kaniṣka converted to Buddhism and started his victory campaigns. He totally obliterated the rule of Parthians from India. After conquering Kashmir, he also occupied some territories of China, Turkistan, Kashgar, Yarkhand, Khotan, etc and thus established his supremacy over a vast territory. His kingdom extended from Iran to Varanasi, China-Turkistan to Kashmir and up to the Vindhya mountains in South.

He built a city in Kashmir and named it Kaniṣpura [Kaniṣkapura] (present Kanispur) after himself. He adapted himself into the Indian culture with such finesse that he seemed an Indian native. Though he was of an alien culture, he followed the path paved by Emperor Aśoka and helped in the propagation and expansion of Buddhism.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Kanishka I (1131-1092 BCE).—Kanishka, the son of Vim Kadphises, was the greatest king of Kushanas. He reigned over a vast kingdom from Bactria and Gandhara in the west to Magadha and Orissa in the east. Buddhist sources tell us that Kanishka flourished 700 years after Buddha nirvana. He became the patron of Buddhism. He used Bactrian, Kharoshthi and Brahmi scripts in his inscriptions and coins.

King Kanishka flourished 700 years after Buddha nirvana (1865 BCE) as recorded in Samyuktaratnapitakasutra. Thus, Kanishka must be dated after 1165 BCE. Gilgit Manuscript of Vinayavastu confirms that Kanishka became king 400 years after the nirvana of Vajrapani (1565 BCE). Hiuen Tsang also tells us that King Kanishka’s Guru Sangharaksha lived 700 years after Buddha nirvana.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaniṣka (कनिष्क).—Name of a celebrated ancient king in India in the first century A. D.

Derivable forms: kaniṣkaḥ (कनिष्कः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaniṣka (कनिष्क).—[masculine] [Name] of an Indoscythic king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaniṣka (कनिष्क):—m. Name of a celebrated king of Northern India (whose reign began in the first century of our era and who, next to Aśoka, was the greatest supporter of Buddhism; his empire seems to have comprised Afghānistān, the Panjāb, Yarkand, Kaṣmīr, Ladak, Agra, Rājputāna, Gujarāt, and Sindh), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kaniṣka (कनिष्क):—m. Nomen proprium eines indoscythischen Fürsten. pura n. Nomen proprium einer von ihm erbauten Stadt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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