Nandanavana, aka: Nandana-vana; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nandanavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Nandanavana in Theravada glossaries]

1. Nandanavana

The chief of the parks in Tavatimsa, where the inhabitants of Tavatimsa, headed by Indra, go for their amusement. (E.g., DhA.ii.266; A.iii.40; J.vi.240; VvA.7, 34, 61, etc.; PvA.173, 176, 177, etc.; Mtu.i.32, etc.). Cakkavatti kings are born in Tavatimsa after death and spend their time in Nandanavana (S.v.342). It is said (E.g., J.i.49) that there is a Nandanavana in each deva world. The devas go there just before their death and disappear in the midst of their revels. Thus, the Bodhisatta went to Nandanavana in the Tusita world before his descent into Mahamayas womb (J.i.50; see also J.vi.144). In Nandanavana is a lake called Nandana (J.ii.189) and evidently also a palace called Ekapundarikavimana (MT.568). Nandanavana was so called because it awoke delight in the hearts of all who visited it (J.v.158). Sometimes ascetics, like Narada (Ibid.,392), possessed of great iddhi power, would spend their siesta in the shadow of the grove.

2. Nandanavana

A park in Anuradhapura between the Mahameghavana and the southern wall of the city. Mahinda preached there, to the assembled populace, the Balapanita Sutta, the day after his arrival in Anuradhapura. Later, on successive days, he preached the Asivisupama, the Anamatagga, the Khajjaniya, the Gomayapindi and the Dhammacakkappavattana Suttas. On the occasions of the preaching of these various suttas, thousands of people attained to various fruits of the Path, and, because the park was the first centre from which Mahinda radiated a knowledge of the Buddhas teaching it came to be called the Jotivana, by which name it was known later. Mhv.xv.1, 4, 176, 178, 186, 195, 197, 199, 202; Dpv.xiii.11, 12, 14, 15; xiv.12, 17, 44, 48; Sp.i.80 82.

3. Nandanavma

A private park in Pulatthipura, laid out by Parakkamabahu I. Cv.lxxiii.97; lxxix.2.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Nandanavana in Mahayana glossaries]

Nandanavana (नन्दनवन) or simply Nandana refers to the garden of the trāyastriṃśa gods, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—“When the gods enter the Houan lo yuan (Nandanavana) garden of the king of the Trāyastriṃśa gods, their minds become soft and gentle, they are joyous, content and no gross minds (sthulacitta) arise in them”. The Trāyastriṃśa gods with Śakra as king live in the city of Sudarśana on the summit of Mount Meru. This city has four parks (viz., Nandana).

According to the Tch’ang a han, “Why is it called Pāruṣyavana? Because when one enters it, one’s thoughts (chen t’i) become harsh (paruṣa)… Why is it called Nanadanavana? Because when one enters it, one is happy and joyful”.

According to the P’i p’o cha, “In the Pāruṣyavana, when the gods want to go to war, armor and weapons appear according to their needs… In the Nanadanavana, all kinds of marvels and joys are gathered and they go from one to another without getting tired”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Nandanavana in Jainism glossaries]

Nandanavana (नन्दनवन) or simply Nandana is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, which lies at the centre of Jambūdvīpa: the tree enveloping the continent of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.—There are four forests (vana) on Sumeru Mount. They are called Bhadraśāla, Nandanavana, Saumanasavana and Pāṃdukavana. The first forest lies at the foot of the mountain and the rest in its platform. How many Jina temples are there in the four forests? There are four Jina temples in four directions in each forest for a total of 16 temples on the mount.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Nandanavana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Nandanavana (नन्दनवन).—the divine grove (of Indra).

Derivable forms: nandanavanam (नन्दनवनम्).

Nandanavana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandana and vana (वन).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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