Nandimukhi, Nāndimukhi, Nāndīmukhī, Nandimukhī, Nandi-mukhi: 8 definitions

Introduction

Nandimukhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandimukhi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Nāndīmukhī (नान्दीमुखी) is a Sanskrit word referring to variety of “wheat” (godhūma). It is a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Nāndīmukhī is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Nāndīmukhī is sweat, unctuous and cold in character.

2) Nandīmukhī (नन्दीमुखी) is a Sanskrit word referring to a kind of aquatic bird (“flamingo”). The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Nandīmukhī is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Nāndimukhi (नान्दिमुखि) refers to a variety of wheat, according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.21, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Wheat is mentioned in later Vedic saṃhitās. It can be observed that in Arthaśāstra, wheat occupied a more important place among the cereals and it being invariably mentioned with barley. Two varieties of wheat madhūlika and nāndimukhi have been mentioned by Suśruta in the list of inferior food grains. Mānasollāsa, the medieval period text refers to different wheat preparations such as sohala, pāhalikā, poḷikā (polikā), maṇaka and patrikā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nāndīmukhī (नान्दीमुखी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first six, the tenth, and the thirteenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).

⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦
⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦

Nāndīmukhī falls in the Atiśakkarī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing fifteen syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandimukhi in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Nāndīmukhī (नान्दीमुखी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Mālinī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Nandīmukhī is also the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Vasanta.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandimukhi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nandīmukhī (नन्दीमुखी).—sleepiness, sleep.

Nandīmukhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nandī and mukhī (मुखी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nandīmukhī (नन्दीमुखी) or Nandī-mukhā.—adj. (compare AMg. nandi, the sound of a particular drum, Ratnach.), with rajanī or rātrī (= Pali nandimukhī), (the time at the end of night) just [Page290-b+ 71] before the beating of the (morning) drum, i.e., substantially, dawn; so Tibetan on LV, rṅa brduṅ baḥi (of beating the drum) nam tshod tsam na (at the point of time of the night), for °khyāṃ rātrau; in phrase, rātryāṃ paścime yāme aruṇo- dghāṭanakālasamaye °khyāṃ rātrau LV 345.20; 350.9; nearly the same, but °mukhāyāṃ rajanyāṃ, Mv i.229.6; ii.133.7; 284.16; 415.18; in Pali,…pacchime yāme uddhate aruṇe nandimukhiyā rattiyā Vin. i.288.12; ii.236.15 (comm. has an absurd etymological attempt to explain nandimukhī, 1287.1—2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nandīmukhī (नन्दीमुखी):—[=nandī-mukhī] [from nandī-mukha > nandī > nand] f. sleep, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Nāndīmukhī (नान्दीमुखी):—[=nāndī-mukhī] [from nāndī-mukha > nāndī > nānda] -khī -rātri f. end of night, daybreak, [Lalita-vistara]

3) [=nāndī-mukhī] [from nāndī-mukha > nāndī > nānda] f. a female ancestor sharing in the N° Śrāddha, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of grain, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nandimukhi in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nandimukhī refers to: (adj. -f.) “joyfaced, ” showing a merry face, Ep. of the night (esp. the eve of the uposatha) Vin. I, 288 (ratti); II, 236 (id.);

Note: nandimukhī is a Pali compound consisting of the words nandi and mukhī.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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