Nanavidha, Nānāvidha, Nana-vidha: 18 definitions


Nanavidha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various sorts (of pain)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.121-128, while describing the prevention of natural disasters]—“[...] [He performs the ritual when people are afflicted by] skin diseases, etc., fevers, untimely death or various sorts of pain (nānāvidhaduḥkhair nānāvidhaiś), past faults or seizing spirits. Diseases from snake poison, etc., insect bites, etc., rheumatism, change in form, phlegm, hemorrhoids, eye diseases, skin diseases, etc., internal disease, and sickness caused by wounds, etc., by the thousands [can occur] if various sorts of evils touch the maṇḍala, a defect arises from offense [occurs]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various kinds (of articles of homage)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Urged by them lovingly, Himācala caused the letter of betrothal to be written by Garga, his priest. He dispatched the letter of betrothal to Śiva along with articles of homage (nānāvidhanānāvidhāstu sāmagryaḥ) through his kinsmen. Those people arrived at Kailāsa and handed over the letter to Śiva after applying the holy mark on his forehead. After being duly honoured by the lord, they returned highly delighted to the penance of the mountain. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various sorts (of contemplations)”, according to the Yogabīja 80.—Accordingly, while discussing the connection between mind and breath: “The mind cannot be subdued by contemplations of various sorts (nānāvidha). Therefore, the breath alone is the means to the conquest of it. There is no other way”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various sorts (of worms)” (causing problems for Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] From eating putrified, stale and indigestible meat, various sorts (nānāvidha) of worms are often found to grow in the stomach of hawks. For their destruction, two parts of viḍaṅga and one part of musk are to be mixed and administered with care and discretion”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “many (types of punishments)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 21).—Accordingly, “[...] Finally, the immoral person is always fearful, like a sick man who constantly fears the approach of death, or a person guilty of the five sins leading to immediate damnation and who always says he is the enemy of the Buddha. He hides himself and lies like a brigand fearful of being taken. Years, months and days pass; he never finds any safety. Although the immoral man may get honors and benefits, his happiness is impure: it is as though madmen had dressed and adorned a corpse, and wise people, who know it, do not want to look at it. These are the many (nānāvidha) innumerable (apramāṇa) punishments of immorality; all of them could not be enumerated. The ascetic will therefore carefully observe the precepts”.

2) Nanavidha (ननविध) refers to a “nine-fold classification” of dharmas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX. Taken individually (pratyeka), dharmas are ninefold (nanavidha):

  1. They have existence (bhava),
  2. Each has its own attribution,
  3. Each has its own power (bala),
  4. They each have their own causes (hetu).
  5. They each have their own object (ālambana).
  6. They each have their own effect (phala).
  7. They each have their own essence (prakṛti).
  8. They each have their own limits (paryanta).
  9. They each have their own opening up (udghāṭana) and preparations (prayoga).

When the dharmas arise, their existence and their other attributes make up nine things in all.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various sorts (of marks)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “A vermillion colored body equal radiance as six heroic Vīriṇī, loving mouth, Naked in arm (nagnabhuja) from the Vasu, a seizer of bodies, with various sorts of marks (nānāvidha-lāñchana)”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nānāvidha (नानाविध) refers to “various kinds” (of paths of meditation), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Who is able to explain the inconceivable power of this [self]? And that [power] is from traversing the path of meditation which is of various kinds (nānāvidha-dhyānapadavī)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nānāvidha : (adj.) various; divers.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nānāvidha refers to: divers, various, motley PvA. 53, 96, 113, and passim;

Note: nānāvidha is a Pali compound consisting of the words nānā and vidha.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध).—a. of various sorts, diverse, manifold.

Nānāvidha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nānā and vidha (विध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध).—mfn.

(-dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) 1. In various ways. 2. Of various sorts or kinds. E. nānā, and vidha kind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānāvidhā (नानाविधा).—adj. of various sorts, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 110; manifold, [Hitopadeśa] 46, 14. Pṛthagvº, i. e.

Nānāvidhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nānā and vidhā (विधा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध).—[adjective] manifold, different.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध):—[=nānā-vidha] [from nānā] mfn. of various sorts, multiform, manifold, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध):—[nānā-vidha] (dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) a. Various.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nanavidha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nanavidha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nānāvidha (नानाविध):—(a) varied, variegated, multifarious; miscellaneous; hence ~[] (nf).

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