Moha, Mohā: 33 definitions

Introduction

Moha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Mohā (मोहा, “Delusion”):—Third of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Vahni, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Mohā, symbolize mental dispositions or emotions and are considered as obstructing the attainment of liberating knowledge. They are presided over by the Bhairava Unmatta. Vahni is the fourth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents fire.

2) Mohā (मोहा, “Dazzlement”):—Third of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Bhānumatī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Mohā, embody several qualities expressive of the sun’s burning heat and glaring light. They are presided over by the Bhairava Ruru. Bhānumatī is the sixth of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the sun.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kakṣapuṭa-tantra

Moha (मोह) refers to “bewildering enemies”. It is a siddhi (‘supernatural power’) described in chapter one of the Kakṣapuṭatantra (a manual of Tantric practice from the tenth century).

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Moha (मोह) refers to “bewildering enemies” and represents one of the various siddhis (perfections) mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.11-13. Accordingly, “by excellent Sādhakas (tantric practitioners) wishing the Siddhi (eg., moha), the mantrasādhana should be performed in advance, for the sake of the Siddhi. One would not attain any Siddhi without the means of mantra-vidhāna (the classification of mantra)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Moha (मोह) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “wrong information”. It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.120)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Moha (मोह, “distraction”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Moha (मोह, “distraction”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as accidental injury, adversity, sickness, fear, agitation, remembering past enemity and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as want of movement, [excessive] movement of [a particular] limb, falling down, reeling, not seeing properly and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Moha (मोह) refers to “stupefaction” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., moha) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Moha (मोह).—A son born of the lustre of Brahmā. (3rd Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Moha (मोह).—Born from the buddhi of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 11.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Moha (मोह) refers to one of the five Avidyās, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—When Brahmā meditates there is creation of five types of avidyā known as creation predominated by tamas (prādurbhūtaḥ tamomoyaḥ). This avidyā is spoken of as fivefold—tamas, moha, mahāmoha, tāmisra and andhatāmisra. After the creation of this five fold avidyā Brahmā again meditates as, a result of which the world of vegetation is produced. This is termed as mukhyasarga. It is the fourth in order (“mukhyā nagā iti proktā mukhya sargastu sa smṛtaḥ”).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Moha (मोह, “delusion”) is the second type of viparyaya (ignorance), according to the Sāṃkhya theory of evolution. Viparyaya refers to a category of pratyayasarga (intellectual products), which represents the first of two types of sarga (products) that come into being during tattvapariṇāma (elemental manifestations), which in turn, evolve out of the two types of pariṇāma (change, modification).

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Moha (मोह) refers to “delusion”: a composed state of mind which does not permit scope for discrimination.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Moha (मोह) refers to “swoon” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning moha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsDelusion; ignorance (avijja).. One of three unwholesome roots (mula) in the mind.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M Ignorance. Failure regarding the knowledge of dhamma. Only an arahanta is no more affected by moha.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Part of the Moha Team.

Ignorance;

Moha is ignorance. It is delusion. It covers true nature of dhamma and it veils citta not to see realities and truths. It prevents pannas arising. Moha and panna are mutually exclusive in a citta. When moha arises, panna cannot arise and when panna arises moha has gone away.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Delusion (moha); also, avijjā.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'delusion', is one of the 3 unwholesome roots (mūla). The best known synonym is avijjā.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

dullness; Moha is not the same as lack of worldly knowledge such as science or history, but it is ignorance of ultimate realities. There are many degrees of moha. Moha does not know the true nature of the object which is experienced and therefore its essence is, as stated by the Atthasalini non-penetration and its function "covering up" the intrinsic nature of the object.

Moha is ignorant of the true nature of realities. Moha is the root of all that is unprofitable.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Moha, (मोह, “delusion”):—One of the three poisons (triviṣa).—Delusion is of two kinds:

  1. bad delusion (mithyāmoha)
  2. and simple delusion.
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Moha (मोह, “delusion”) refers to one of the five Kulas (families), according to Guhyasamāja.—[...] The families (kula) owe allegiance to their progenitors who are known as Kuleśas or Lords of Families. In the Guhyasamāja it is said: “The five Kulas (families) are the Dveṣa (hatred), Moha (delusion), Rāga (attachment), Cintāmaṇi (Wishing Gem), and Samaya, (convention) which conduce to the attainment of all desires and emancipation”.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Moha (मोह) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Mohī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Cittacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the cittacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Moha] are black in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Moha (मोह, “delusion”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., moha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Moha also refers to the “three roots of unwholesomeness” (akuśalamūla) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 139).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

moha : (m.) stupidity; delusion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Moha, (fr. muh, see muyhati; cp. Sk. moha & Vedic mogha) stupidity, dullness of mind & soul, delusion, bewilderment, infatuation D. III, 146, 175, 182, 214, 270; Vin. IV, 144, 145; Sn. 56, 74, 160, 638, 847; Vbh. 208, 341, 391, 402; Pug. 16; Tikp 108, 122, 259.—Defd as “dukkhe aññāṇaṃ etc., moha pamoha, sammoha, avijj’ogha etc., ” by Nd2 99 & Vbh. 362; as “muyhanti tena, sayaṃ vā muyhati, muyhana-mattaṃ eva vā tan ti moho” and “cittassa andha-bhāva-lakkhaṇo, aññāṇalakkhaṇo vā” at Vism. 468.—Often coupled with rāga & dosa as one of the 3 cardinal affects of citta, making a man unable to grasp the higher truths and to enter the Path: see under rāga (& Nd2 p. 237, s. v. rāga where the wide range of application of this set is to be seen). Cp. the 3 fires: rāg-aggi, dos-aggi, moh-aggi It. 92; D. III, 217 also rāga-kkhaya, dosa°, moha° VbhA. 31 sq.—On combination with rāga, lobha & dosa see dosa2 and lobha.—On term see also Dhs. trsl. §§ 33, 362, 441; Cpd 16, 18, 41, 113, 146.—See further D. I, 80 (samoha-cittaṃ); Nd1 15, 16 (with lobha & dosa); VvA. 14; PvA. 3.—amoha absence of bewilderment Vbh. 210 (+alobha, adosa; as the 3 kusala-mūlāni: cp. mūla 3), 402 (id. , as kusala-hetu).—Cp. pa°, sam°.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mōha (मोह).—m (S) Fascination, infatuation, bewitchment; whether the allurement of objects exciting love, affection, pity, sympathy &c.; or the state of being allured and engaged by. 2 Loss of consciousness or sense; fainting, forgetfulness, stupefaction. 3 Ignorance, folly, foolishness;--applied esp. to that spiritual ignorance which leads men to believe in the material reality of worldly objects, and to betake themselves to mundane or sensual enjoyments. 4 Affection, fondness. 5 A tree, Bassia latifolia. From the blossoms of it a spirituous liquor is distilled.

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mōha (मोह).—n m (Commonly mōhō) A bees' nest and comb.

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mōhā (मोहा).—m (mōha S through H) A tree, Bassia latifolia. From its blossoms a spirituous liquor is distilled.

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mōhā (मोहा).—a mōhācā a (mōha) Of enchanting or excellent quality;--used of a species of cocoanut and betelnut. Ex. mō0 nāraḷa-nāraḷī-māḍa-supārī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mōha (मोह).—m Fascination. Ignorance. Fond- ness. Loss of sense. A tree. n m A bees' nest and comb.

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mōhā (मोहा).—m A kind of tree.

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mōhā (मोहा).—a Of enchanting or excellent quality.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Moha (मोह).—[muh ghañ]

1) Loss of consciousness, fainting, a swoon, insensibility; मोहेनान्तर्वरतनुरियं लक्ष्यते मुच्यमाना (mohenāntarvaratanuriyaṃ lakṣyate mucyamānā) V.1.8; मोहादभूत् कष्टतरः प्रबोधः (mohādabhūt kaṣṭataraḥ prabodhaḥ) R.14.56; Ku.3.73; कतिचन पेतुरुपेत्य मोहमुद्राम् (katicana peturupetya mohamudrām) Śiva B.28.88.

2) Perplexity, delusion, embarrassment, confusion; यज्ज्ञात्वा न पुनर्मोहमेवं यास्यसि पाण्डव (yajjñātvā na punarmohamevaṃ yāsyasi pāṇḍava) Bg.4.35.

3) Folly, ignorance, infatuation; तितीर्षुर्दुस्तरं मोहादुडुपेनास्मि सागरम् (titīrṣurdustaraṃ mohāduḍupenāsmi sāgaram) R.1.2; Ś.7.25.

4) Error, mistake.

5) Wonder, astonishment.

6) Affliction, pain.

7) A magical art employed to confound an enemy.

8) (In phil.) Delusion of mind which prevents one from discerning the truth (makes one believe in the reality of worldly objects and to be addicted to the gratification of sensual pleasures); महामोहं च मोहं च तमश्चाज्ञानवृत्तयः (mahāmohaṃ ca mohaṃ ca tamaścājñānavṛttayaḥ) Bhāg.3.12.2.

9) Illusion of attachment or love; स्वगृहोद्यानगतेीऽपि स्निग्धैः पापं विशङ्क्यते मोहात् (svagṛhodyānagateी'pi snigdhaiḥ pāpaṃ viśaṅkyate mohāt) Pt.2.171.

Derivable forms: mohaḥ (मोहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Moha (मोह).—nt. (Sanskrit only masc.), delusion: Lalitavistara 258.12 (verse) satyam idaṃ moham anyad iti mūḍhāḥ, foolishly thinking, ‘this is true, all else is delusion’ (is -m ‘Hiatustilger’? for moha anyad? but next is unambiguous); Lalitavistara 372.5 (verse) mohānī (m.c. for °ni).

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Mohā (मोहा).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 240.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Moha (मोह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Fainting, loss of consciousness or sense. 2. Ignorance, folly, foolishness; it is applied especially to that spiritual ignorance which leads men to believe in the reality of worldly objects, and to addict themselves to mundane or sensual enjoyment. 3. Pain, affliction. 4. Error, mistake. 5. Bewilderment, distraction. E. muh to be ignorant or foolish, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Moha (मोह).—i. e. muh + a, m. 1. Fainting, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 84, 10; loss of consciousness, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 8. 2. Bewilderment, distraction, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 192, 13; [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 26. 3. Weakness of intellect, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 15. 4. Ignorance, foolishness, infatuation, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 250; iii. [distich] 87. 5. Error, [Matsyopākhyāna] 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Moha (मोह).—[masculine] unconsciousness, bewilderment, perplexity, swoon; error, infatuation, darkness or delusion of mind (ph.), ignorance, folly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Moha (मोह):—m. (√1. muh; ifc. f(ā). ) loss of consciousness, bewilderment, perplexity, distraction, infatuation, delusion, error, folly, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc. (moham-√brū, to say anything that leads to error; mohaṃ-√yā, to fall into error; mohāt ind. through folly or ignorance)

2) fainting, stupefaction, a swoon, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) (in [philosophy]) darkness or delusion of mind (preventing the discernment of truth and leading men to believe in the reality of worldly objects)

4) (with Buddhists) ignorance (one of the three roots of vice, [Dharmasaṃgraha 139])

5) a magical art employed to bewilder an enemy (= mohana), [Catalogue(s)]

6) wonder, amazement, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Infatuation personified (as the offspring of Brahmā), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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