Mohini, Mohinī: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mohini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mohinī (मोहिनी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Mohinī (मोहिनी, “fascinating woman”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ मोहिन्यै नमः
oṃ mohinyai namaḥ.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Mohinī (मोहिनी) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Mohinī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Mohinī (मोहिनी) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Mohinī]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mohinī (मोहिनी).—The female form of Mahāviṣṇu. Devas and Asuras quarrelled with each other over the right of partaking the Amṛta (nectar) obtained from the sea of Milk. At that time Mahāviṣṇu appeared before them in the guise of a beautiful maiden of maddening charm and the asuras were guilefully made to turn their attention on her for some time during which time the nectar was carried away by the Devas. The female form of Mahāviṣṇu was called Mohinī.

Śiva fell in love with Mohinī and by the union of the two was born Śāstā. (See under Amṛtam). (8th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mohinī (मोहिनी).—The thirteenth avatār of Viṣṇu (Nārāyaṇa) to delude the Asuras from having any share of the amṛta and distribute it to the Devas; reappeared in that form before Śiva at his request and Śiva who got enamoured of her, ran after her letting his seed fall down;1 a Śakti.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 17; VIII. 8. 41-46; Chh. 9 and 12 (whole) Matsya-purāṇa 251. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 48.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 10. 27. 34; 19. 65 and 74; 20. 6, 38 and 57; 44. 72 and 141.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Mohinī (मोहिनी) refers to “the bewildering one” and is the presiding deity of śobhī (‘brilliant’), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Śobhī represents one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha). Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Mohinī is one of the sixteen deities presiding over the corresponding sixteen words of the elā-prabandha, all of which are defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”): a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Mohinī (मोहिनी) refers to the twelfth of twenty-six ekādaśīs according to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9. Accordingly, “to attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs (e.g., Mohinī) attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume II: Apabhramsa metres (1)

Mohinī (मोहिनी) refers to a variety of Raḍḍā or Mātrā: the only metre consisting of five lines, as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Mātrā seems to be a very old Apabhraṃśa metre since it was known to Virahāṅka (see Vṛttajātisamuccaya). Piṅgala discusses [the Mātrā metre] under Raḍḍā, and gives seven varieties of it [viz., Mohinī, consisting of the following mātrās: 19.11,19,11.19].

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: Historical setting of the vaisnava divyaksetras in the southern pandya country

Mohinī (मोहिनी) is one among the aṃśāvatāras of the Lord [Viṣṇu]. The Mohinī incarnation takes place a fter the Churning of the Ocean of Milk. The ocean was churned by the gods and demons for possession of the nectar.

Source: Shodhganga: Historical setting of the vaisnava divyaksetras in the southern pandya country

Mohinī (मोहिनी) is one among the aṃśāvataras of Viṣṇu. Viṣṇu is said to have appeared as Mohinī on the following occasions:

  1. To distribute the amṛta among the gods and demons,
  2. Followed Bhikṣāṭana to the Dārukavana,
  3. Mohinī with Bhasmāsura,
  4. Mohinī and Śiva dallying and the birth of Hariharaputra.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Mohinī.—(IA 19), female devils who possess men. Note: mohinī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mōhinī (मोहिनी).—f S Bewitching, besotting, fascinating, depriving of sense or understanding.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mōhinī (मोहिनी).—f Bewitching, besotting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mohinī (मोहिनी).—

1) Name of an Apsaras.

2) A fascinating woman (the form assumed by Viṣṇu at the time of cheating the demons of nectar.)

3) The flower of a kind of jasmine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mohinī (मोहिनी).—f. (-nī) 1. A kind of jasmine, commonly Tripuramali. 2. Vishnu in the form of a fascinating woman. 3. A name of an Apsara. E. moha folly, ini aff., and fem. aff. ṅīṣ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mohinī (मोहिनी):—[from mohin > moha] f. a fascinating woman, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] (cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India 65 n. 1])

2) [v.s. ...] the flower of a species of jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an Apsaras, [Pañcarātra]

4) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Rukmāṅgada, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mohinī (मोहिनी):—(a) who tempts/charms / attracts / casts a spell (feminine adjectival form); (nf) see [mohinī].

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