Shrimad Bhagavad-gita

by Narayana Gosvami | 2013 | 327,105 words

The Bhagavad-gita Verse 4.35, English translation, including the Vaishnava commentaries Sarartha-varsini-tika, Prakashika-vritti and Rasika-ranjana (excerpts). This is verse 35 from the chapter 4 called “Jnana-Yoga (Yoga through Transcendental Knowledge)”

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration, Word-for-word and English translation of verse 4.35:

यज् ज्ञात्वा न पुनर् मोहम् एवं यास्यसि पाण्डव ।
येन भूतान्य् अशेषाणि द्रक्ष्यस्य् आत्मन्य् अथो मयि ॥ ३५ ॥

yaj jñātvā na punar moham evaṃ yāsyasi pāṇḍava |
yena bhūtāny aśeṣāṇi drakṣyasy ātmany atho mayi || 35 ||

yat–which (was taught by the tattva-darśīs); jñātvā–after understanding; na–not; punaḥ–again; moham–into illusion; evam–so; yāsyasi–shall enter; pāṇḍava–O son of Pāṇḍu; yena–by which (knowledge); bhūtāni–all souls; aśeṣāṇi–all; drakṣyasi–you shall perceive; ātmani–within Paramātmā; atho–that is to say; mayi–in Me.

O Pāṇḍava, after understanding such knowledge, you will never again be deluded. Through it, you will perceive all living beings as spirit souls, and you will see them in Me, the all-pervading Supersoul.

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Ṭīkā

(By Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura; the innermost intention of the commentary named ‘the shower of essential meanings’)

In the next three and a half verses beginning here with the words yaj jñātvā, Śrī Bhagavān explains the fruit of knowledge. “After you have attained this knowledge, by which one knows the soul to be different from the body, your mind will not become deluded again. Upon attaining natural and eternally perfect knowledge of the self, your delusion will be removed and you will see all living beings–humans, animals, birds, etc.–as souls, separate from their external material coverings, or designations. In addition, you will see all of them situated in Me, the ultimate cause, as My effect (the jīva-śakti).”

Commentary: Sārārtha-Varṣiṇī Prakāśikā-vṛtti

(By Śrīla Bhaktivedānta Nārāyaṇa Gosvāmī Mahārāja; the explanation that illuminates the commentary named Sārārtha-varṣiṇī)

Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura expresses Kṛṣṇa’s mood. “Now, due to delusion, you are trying to give up your prescribed duty, which is to participate in battle, but when you have attained knowledge of the Absolute from your guru, you will no longer take shelter of delusion. By that knowledge you will be able to understand that all entities–human beings, animals, birds–are the same spiritual reality, as jīva-tattva. The gradations of their external forms, qualities and actions have occurred due to their material appearances, or mundane egoism. All jīvas are situated in Me, the Supreme Lord, who am the ultimate cause of everything. The individual jīvas are the effect of My potency.”

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