Manvantara, aka: Manu-antara; 9 Definition(s)
Manvantara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—A cosmological time span equal to seventy-one mahāyugas or 306,720,000 years. Note: Manvantara is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Manvantara (मन्वन्तर) refers to a time period consisting of seventy-one times the amount of one Caturyuga, according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac, we are informed, is called a solar month. Two months make a season, three seasons an Ayana and two Ayanas a year. Four lacs and thirty two thousand years make Kaliyuga. Twice as much as Kaliyuga is Dvāpara, thrice is Tretā and four yugas make one Caturyuga and seventy one Caturyugas make one Manvantara.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—Kalpa, Manvantara and Caturyuga. The Prapañca (universe) is perishable. At one time, it takes its origin, at another time it perishes. Brahmā, the creator of the universe has birth and death. The period between the birth and death of a Brahmā is known as a "Mahākalpa". The flood that comes at the death of a Brahmā is called "Mahāpralaya". One day of Brahmā is called Kalpakāla. In the Purāṇas one Kalpa or one day of Brahmā is divided into fourteen parts. The master or ruler of each of these divisions is a Manu. There are fourteen Manus. The life span of each Manu is called a "Manvantaram". (See full article at Story of Manvantara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—Periods of Manus; seven in number and seven to come, of Svāyambhuva, Svārociṣa, Auttama, Tāmasa, Raivata, Cākṣuṣa, Sāvarṇi (after Vaivasvata in Matsya-purāṇa), raucya (br. p.); Vaivasvata present according to the Matsya-purāṇa) Ruci, Bhautya, Merusāvarṇi, Rta, Ṛtadhāmān and Viṣvaksena; the last seven are future Manus;1 one of the five characteristics of the Purāṇa;2 calculation of the duration of the epochs of Manus;3 constitutes 71 yugas at the end of which comes Kṣaya4 according to Mānuṣa and Divyavatsara.5 manvantara of svāyambhuva manu—the Gods of three worlds, sages, pitṛs, and people help him; but finding the diminished powers, go to Maharloka.6
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 6. 6, 20; 36. 1-4; Matsya-purāṇa 2. 22; 9. 2-36; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 11, 14, 19, 38, 44; 57. 33-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 18.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 65; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 10.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 30.
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 12; 32. 41.
- 5) Ib. 61. 138-144; 150. 176.
- 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 149-51.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
1) Manvantara is the period of astronomical time within an aeon or Kalpa, (a day of Brahma).
2) Manvantara, the Hindu progenitor of mankind, is an astronomical period of time measurement. The word is a combination of words 'manu' and 'antara', creating manu-antara or manvantara, and literally meaning "the duration of a Manu", or his life span.
Each Manvantara is created and ruled by a specific Manu, who in turn is created by Brahma, the Creator himself. Manu creates the world, and all its species during that period of time, each Manvantara lasts the lifetime of a Manu, upon whose death, Brahma creates another Manu to continue the cycle of Creation or Shristi, Vishnu on his part takes a new Avatar, and also a new Indra and Saptarishis are appointed.
Eventually it takes 14 Manus and their respective Manvantaras to create a Kalpa, Aeon, or a ‘Day of Brahma’, according to the Hindu Time Cycles and also the Vedic timeline. Thereafter, at the end of each Kalpa, there is a period - same as Kalpa - of dissolution or Pralaya, wherein the world (earth and all life forms, but not the entire universe itself) is destroyed and lies in a state of rest, which is called the, ‘Night of Brahma’.
After that the creator, Brahma starts his cycle of creation all over again, in an endless cycle of creation followed by Destruction for which Shiva, Hindu God of destruction, and also renewal, is invoked towards the end of each such cycle.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
manvantara (मन्वंतर).—n (S manu & antara) The reign of a manu, a period equal to seventy-one ages of the gods, or 306,720,000 years of mortals; or, with its sandhi or interval of universal deluge, 308,448,000 years. Each manvantara is governed by its distinct manu, and is provided with its own indra and minor deities. 2 fig. The proper period or season; the time, the day, the hour &c. emphatically. Ex. tumacēṃ ma0 gēlēṃ mājhēṃ ma0 ālēṃ mhaṇūna myāṃ tōṇḍīṃ bhaḍakāvalyā.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
manvantara (मन्वंतर).—n The reign of n manu. The proper period or season. An epoch, an age.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—the period or age of a Manu; (this period, according to Ms.1.79, comprises 4,32, human years or 1/14th day of Brahmā, the fourteen Manvantaras making up one whole day; each of these fourteen periods is supposed to be presided over by its own Manu; six such periods have already passed away; we are at present living in the seventh, and seven more are yet to come); मन्वन्तरं तु दिव्यानां युगानामेकसप्ततिः (manvantaraṃ tu divyānāṃ yugānāmekasaptatiḥ) Ak.
Derivable forms: manvantaram (मन्वन्तरम्).
Manvantara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manu and antara (अन्तर).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-raṃ) The reign of a Manu, a period equal to seventy-one ages of the gods, or 306, 720,000 years of mortals, or with its Sandhi or interval of universal deluge, 308, 448, 000 years; fourteen Manwantaras constitute a Kalpa; the grand period of creation and destruction, or 4, 320,000,000 years; each Manwantara is governed by its distinct Manu, and is provided with its own Indra, and minor deities; according to Hindu cosmogony, there have been innumerable Manwantaras, since the first creation of the world. E. manu Manu, and antara period or interval.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+134): Kaliyuga, Saptarshis, Manu, Tretayuga, Dashalakshana, Supara, Brahmapralaya, Shveta Varaha Kalpa, Tushitas, Sudhis, Stambha, Caturyuga, Devagana, Saptasambhuti, Yuga, Japa, Yama, Brahmasavarni, Bhautya, Vaivasvatamanvantara.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Manvantara, Manu-antara; (plurals include: Manvantaras, antaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Manvantaras < [Third Section]
Vedavyasa < [Third Section]
Maitreya And Parashara < [First Section]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 34 - The enumeration of Manvantaras < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 8 - The span of life of the trinity < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 35 - The legend of Yājñavalkya’s receiving the Veda from the Sun-God < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 1 - Description of the dissolution of the Universe (a) < [Section 4a - Upasaṃhāra-pāda]
Chapter 3 - The race of Dharma: three attributes of the self-born God < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)