Manvantara, aka: Manu-antara; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Manvantara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—A cosmological time span equal to seventy-one mahāyugas or 306,720,000 years. Note: Manvantara is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Purana

Manvantara (मन्वन्तर) refers to a time period consisting of seventy-one times the amount of one Caturyuga, according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa. The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac, we are informed, is called a solar month. Two months make a season, three seasons an Ayana and two Ayanas a year. Four lacs and thirty two thousand years make Kaliyuga. Twice as much as Kaliyuga is Dvāpara, thrice is Tretā and four yugas make one Caturyuga and seventy one Caturyugas make one Manvantara.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—Kalpa, Manvantara and Caturyuga. The Prapañca (universe) is perishable. At one time, it takes its origin, at another time it perishes. Brahmā, the creator of the universe has birth and death. The period between the birth and death of a Brahmā is known as a "Mahākalpa". The flood that comes at the death of a Brahmā is called "Mahāpralaya". One day of Brahmā is called Kalpakāla. In the Purāṇas one Kalpa or one day of Brahmā is divided into fourteen parts. The master or ruler of each of these divisions is a Manu. There are fourteen Manus. The life span of each Manu is called a "Manvantaram". (See full article at Story of Manvantara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—Periods of Manus; seven in number and seven to come, of Svāyambhuva, Svārociṣa, Auttama, Tāmasa, Raivata, Cākṣuṣa, Sāvarṇi (after Vaivasvata in Matsya-purāṇa), raucya (br. p.); Vaivasvata present according to the Matsya-purāṇa) Ruci, Bhautya, Merusāvarṇi, Rta, Ṛtadhāmān and Viṣvaksena; the last seven are future Manus;1 one of the five characteristics of the Purāṇa;2 calculation of the duration of the epochs of Manus;3 constitutes 71 yugas at the end of which comes Kṣaya4 according to Mānuṣa and Divyavatsara.5 manvantara of svāyambhuva manu—the Gods of three worlds, sages, pitṛs, and people help him; but finding the diminished powers, go to Maharloka.6

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 6. 6, 20; 36. 1-4; Matsya-purāṇa 2. 22; 9. 2-36; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 11, 14, 19, 38, 44; 57. 33-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 65; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 10.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 142. 30.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 12; 32. 41.
  • 5) Ib. 61. 138-144; 150. 176.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 149-51.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Manvantara is the period of astronomical time within an aeon or Kalpa, (a day of Brahma).

2) Manvantara, the Hindu progenitor of mankind, is an astronomical period of time measurement. The word is a combination of words 'manu' and 'antara', creating manu-antara or manvantara, and literally meaning "the duration of a Manu", or his life span.

Each Manvantara is created and ruled by a specific Manu, who in turn is created by Brahma, the Creator himself. Manu creates the world, and all its species during that period of time, each Manvantara lasts the lifetime of a Manu, upon whose death, Brahma creates another Manu to continue the cycle of Creation or Shristi, Vishnu on his part takes a new Avatar, and also a new Indra and Saptarishis are appointed.

Eventually it takes 14 Manus and their respective Manvantaras to create a Kalpa, Aeon, or a ‘Day of Brahma’, according to the Hindu Time Cycles and also the Vedic timeline. Thereafter, at the end of each Kalpa, there is a period - same as Kalpa - of dissolution or Pralaya, wherein the world (earth and all life forms, but not the entire universe itself) is destroyed and lies in a state of rest, which is called the, ‘Night of Brahma’.

After that the creator, Brahma starts his cycle of creation all over again, in an endless cycle of creation followed by Destruction for which Shiva, Hindu God of destruction, and also renewal, is invoked towards the end of each such cycle.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

manvantara (मन्वंतर).—n (S manu & antara) The reign of a manu, a period equal to seventy-one ages of the gods, or 306,720,000 years of mortals; or, with its sandhi or interval of universal deluge, 308,448,000 years. Each manvantara is governed by its distinct manu, and is provided with its own indra and minor deities. 2 fig. The proper period or season; the time, the day, the hour &c. emphatically. Ex. tumacēṃ ma0 gēlēṃ mājhēṃ ma0 ālēṃ mhaṇūna myāṃ tōṇḍīṃ bhaḍakāvalyā.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manvantara (मन्वंतर).—n The reign of n manu. The proper period or season. An epoch, an age.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manvantara (मन्वन्तर).—the period or age of a Manu; (this period, according to Ms.1.79, comprises 4,32, human years or 1/14th day of Brahmā, the fourteen Manvantaras making up one whole day; each of these fourteen periods is supposed to be presided over by its own Manu; six such periods have already passed away; we are at present living in the seventh, and seven more are yet to come); मन्वन्तरं तु दिव्यानां युगानामेकसप्ततिः (manvantaraṃ tu divyānāṃ yugānāmekasaptatiḥ) Ak.

Derivable forms: manvantaram (मन्वन्तरम्).

Manvantara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manu and antara (अन्तर).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 1309 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Manu
1) Manu (मनु).—See under Manvantara.2) Manu (मनु).—Son of the Agni Pāñcajanya. Pāñcajanya had t...
Antara
Antara (अन्तर).—a. [antaṃ rāti dadāti, rā-ka]1) Being in the inside, interior, inward, internal...
Manuja
Manuja (मनुज).—a man, mankind. °अधिपः, °अधिपतिः, °ईश्वरः, °पतिः, °राजः (adhipaḥ, °adhipatiḥ, °ī...
Nirantara
Nirantara (निरन्तर).—a. 1) constant, perpetual, uninterrupted, incessant; निरन्त- राधिपटलैः (ni...
Deshantara
Deśantara (देशन्तर).—1. The longitude of a place. It is either the distance of the place from t...
Bhasantara
Bhāṣāntara (भाषान्तर).—1) another dialect or language. 2) translation (?). Derivable forms: bhā...
Samantara
Samāntara (समान्तर).—a. parallel. Samāntara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sama...
Bhavantara
Bhavāntara (भवान्तर).—another existence (previous or future); शुभाशुभफलं सद्यो नृपाद्देवा- द्भव...
Antaramsa
Antaraṃsa (अन्तरंस).—the breast (= aṃtarā-aṃsa q. v.). Derivable forms: antaraṃsaḥ (अन्तरंसः).A...
Rekhantara
Rekhāntara (रेखान्तर).—distance east or west from the first meridian, longitude of a place. Der...
Gatyantara
Gatyantara (गत्यन्तर).—Motion-difference. Note: Gati-antara is a Sanskrit technical term used i...
Karmantara
Karmāntara (कर्मान्तर).—1) difference or contrariety of action. 2) penance, expiation. 3) suspe...
Arthantara
Arthāntara (अर्थान्तर).—1) another or different meaning. 2) another cause or motive; अर्थोऽयम- ...
Antarajna
Antarajña (अन्तरज्ञ).—a. knowing the interior, prudent, wise, foreseeing; नान्तरज्ञाः श्रियो जा...
Kalantara
kalāntara (कलांतर).—n S Interest on money.--- OR --- kaḷāntara (कळांतर).—n (kalāntara S) Intere...

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