Gayakashyapa, Gayākāśyapa, Gaya-kashyapa: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Gayakashyapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gayākāśyapa can be transliterated into English as Gayakasyapa or Gayakashyapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Gayakashyapa in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gayākāśyapa (गयाकाश्यप) is one of the brothers of Uruvilvākāśyapa [Urubilvākāśyapa], a Jaṭila from Urubilvā (or Uruvilvā) who was converted by the Buddha, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—The same year as his enlightenment, the Buddha went to Urubilvā to convert the thousand Jaṭilas, fire worshippers, led by Urubilvākāśyapa, a venerable old man aged one hundred and twenty years, and his two brothers, Nadīkāśyapa and Gatākāśyapa [Gayākāśyapa?]. To impress these heretics, the Buddha performed no less than eighteen miracles, beginning with the taming of a venomous snake. Finally convinced of not having attained sainthood (arhattva) and that he did not even know the Path, Urubilvākāśyapa asked to be received into the Buddhist order and his five hundred disciples made the same request. The Buddha agreed and the newly converted threw their garments of hide and their religious objects into the river in order to put on the Dharma robe.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Gayākāśyapa (गयाकाश्यप) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Gayākāśyapa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gayakashyapa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gayākāśyapa (गयाकाश्यप).—(= Pali Gayā-kassapa), name of one of Buddha's disciples, mentioned with his brothers Uruvilvā- kāśyapa and Nadī-k°, qq.v.: Mahāvastu iii.102.13; 103.2; 430.13, 18; 432.8; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.2; 207.3; Lalitavistara 1.11; Mahāvyutpatti 1064 (Uru° and Nadī° 1049, 1050); Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gayākāśyapa (गयाकाश्यप):—[=gayā-kāśyapa] [from gayā > gaya] m. Name of a pupil of Śākya-muni, [Buddhist literature]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a disciple of Buddha, [Sukhāvatī-vyūha i].

[Sanskrit to German]

Gayakashyapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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