Kashthayantra, Kāṣṭhayantra, Kashtha-yantra: 3 definitions


Kashthayantra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kāṣṭhayantra can be transliterated into English as Kasthayantra or Kashthayantra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kashthayantra in Kavya glossary
Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden

Kāṣṭhayantra (काष्ठयन्त्र) refers to “wooden automata” as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara (“ocean of streams of story”).—The text contains numerous story strands, many reworked from the older Bṛhatkathā tradition. In one story the prince Naravāhanadatta and his companion, the minister Gomukha, come upon a city situated on a wooded seashore. On entering they are astonished to discover that it is populated by a vast array of wooden automata (kāṣṭhayantra) in the form of women, merchants, and other city people who moved around as if alive but could be discerned as automata because they did not speak. On arriving at the royal palace, Naravāhanadatta and Gomukha saw numerous mechanical horses and elephants, and within, on a jeweled throne, surrounded by mechanical wooden attendants and palace women, sat a majestic-looking man. He rose and welcomed the visitors, inquiring after their journey and purpose.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Kashthayantra in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Kāṣṭhayantra (काष्ठयन्त्र) refers to an “instrument of wood”, according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 3.4.74—Accordingly, as Sanātana Gosvāmī said to Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu:—“My Lord, You are the omniscient, merciful, independent Supreme Lord. Exactly like an instrument of wood (kāṣṭhayantra), I dance as You make me do so. I am lowborn. Indeed, I am the lowest. I am condemned, for I have all the characteristics of a sinful man. If You keep me alive, what will be the profit?”

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kashthayantra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāṣṭhayantra (काष्ठयंत्र).—n (S Wooden machine.) A covert term for khōḍā Stocks for criminals.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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