Kashmir: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kashmir means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kashmir, the ancient land of learning has produced many eminent scholars who greatly contributed to Sanskrit Literature. Kṣemendra (the polymath) is one among the Kashmiri scholars who glorified the legacy of rhetorics with a new interpretation of the soul of poetry namely aucitya.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Kashmir is the name of a valley, to which the Nīlamata gives the name Kaśmīrā, and which is still known as Kaśmīra throughout India and the rest of the world and is called by the Kāśmīrīs in their own language, as Kaśīr—a direct phonetic derivative of Kaśmīra through Kaśvīr. Nīlamata also gives two popular etymologies deriving the name from kaḥ (Prajāpati Kaśyapa) and kam (water).

Note: Nīlamata, vv 5, 12,24, 29, 220, 228, 235 etc. give Kaśmīrā, the term ‘Kaśmīra’ is rare in the Nīlamata (vv. 989, 1354), while the word ‘Kāśmīra’ is found as an adjective. Stein takes Ptolomy’s Kaspiria and Dionysios’s Kaspeiroi as transcription of Kaśvīr. (Rājata. Translation, Vol. II. pp. 352-53)

Kaśmīra valley proper, we know, is just a basin surrounded by snow-capped mountains and the Nīlamata refers to these mountain walls when it speaks of Kaśmīra’s geographically fortified position eliminating the fear of foreign invasions. Kalhaṇa, too, is proud of these mountain barriers. Tsang and Ou Kong who visited the valley, have recognised this fact in their accounts.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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