Mahakashyapa, aka: Mahakasyapa, Mahākāśyapa, Maha-kashyapa; 4 Definition(s)
Mahakashyapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mahākāśyapa can be transliterated into English as Mahakasyapa or Mahakashyapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mahākāśyapa (महाकाश्यप) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51, “when Mahākāśyapa saw the Buddha, he obtained the first fruit of the Path, then eight days later he became Arhat”.—Disgusted by lay life, Mahākāśyapa made himself an under-robe from pieces of cloth (paṭapilotokānaṃ saṃghāti). Like the Arhats in this world, he cut his hair and his beard, put on the yellow robe and went forth from home into homelessness. Having gone forth, half-way he saw the Blessed One seated near the Bahuputta-Cetiya, between Rājagṛha and Nālandā. Having seen him, he wanted to bow to him. Kāśyapa prostrated to the feet of the Blessed One and said: “The Blessed One is my teacher; I am his disciple” The Blessed One encouraged Kāśyapa and, having encouraged him, he arose from his seat and went away. Then Kāśyapa said: “For seven days while I was imperfect, I enjoyed the food offered by the land; on the eighth day, perfect knowledge was produced in me” .Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary
Mahākāśyapa (महाकाश्यप) in Sanskrit, or Mahākassapa in Pali was one of the principal disciples of Gautama Buddha. He came from the kingdom of Magadha. He became an Arhat and was the disciple of the Buddha who was foremost in ascetic practice. Mahākāśyapa assumed the leadership of the Sangha following the death of the Buddha, presiding over the First Buddhist Council. He is considered to be the first patriarch in a number of Mahayana School dharma lineages. In the Theravada tradition, he is considered to be the Buddha's third foremost disciple, surpassed only by the chief disciples Sariputta and Maha Moggallana.
Mahākāśyapa’s entire body was enshrined underneath the mountain Kukkutapada where it is said to remain until the appearance of Maitreya. Pali sources say that beings in Maitreya’s time will be much bigger than during the time of Sakyamuni. In one prophecy, his disciples are contemptuous of Mahākāśyapa, whose head is no larger than an insect to them. Gautama Buddha's robe would barely cover two of their fingers, making them wonder how tiny Gautama Buddha was. Mahākāśyapa is said to be small enough in comparison to cremate in the palm of Maitreya's hand. Mahākāśyapa wears a paṃsukūla robe.Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
Languages of India and abroad
Mahākāśyapa (महाकाश्यप).—(= Pali Mahākassapa) = Kāśyapa (2), q.v., one of the Buddha's leading disciples: Mv i.80.3; ii.114.12; iii.47.14 ff., 48.4 ff. (rebukes Ānanda and tells him the story of his own ordination; corresp. to Pali SN ii.218 ff.); SP 2.1; 100.1; 110.11; 121.1 ff.; 206.8; LV 1.13; 443.6; Divy 81.25 ff.; 395.21; Mmk 586.1; Sukh 2.6; 92.5; Karmav 45.1; as a mahāśrāvaka, LV 444.13; Divy 361.18; Mmk 40.25 etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+489): First Buddhist Council, Pippalayana, Kashyapa, Rashmiprabhasa, Ten Great Disciples, Mahakassapa, Dharmaraja, Akshobhya, Pundarikaksha, Sadhurupa, Mangalya, Dridhahanu, Arimardana, Candrabha, Devaguru, Satyadharmavipulakirti, Satvarajan, Ratnadama, Sarvabandha, Drishtashakti.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Mahakashyapa, Mahakasyapa, Mahākāśyapa, Maha-kashyapa, Mahā-kāśyapa, Maha-kasyapa; (plurals include: Mahakashyapas, Mahakasyapas, Mahākāśyapas, kashyapas, kāśyapas, kasyapas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra (by Robert A. F. Thurman)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter VII - The ordination of Mahā-Kāśyapa < [Volume III]
Chapter VIII - The first Bhūmi < [Volume I]
Chapter XIII - The sixth Bhūmi < [Volume I]
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Story of druma’s action on the śrāvakas < [Part 5 - The virtue of meditation]
Appendix 4 - Arhathood of Mahākāśyapa < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Part 6 - Buddha’s preferences for Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata < [Chapter V - Rājagṛha]
Vimalakirti Sutra (by Burton Watson)
The Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra (by Charles Luk)