Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 12.18

आसीदासीमभूमीवलयमलयजालेपनेपथ्यकीर्तिः सप्ताकूपारपारीसदनजनघनोद्गीतचापप्रतापः ।
वीरादस्मात्परः कः पदयुगयुगपत्पातिभूपातिभूयश्चूडारत्नोडुपत्नीकरपरिचरणामन्दनन्दन्नखेन्दुः ॥ १८ ॥

āsīdāsīmabhūmīvalayamalayajālepanepathyakīrtiḥ saptākūpārapārīsadanajanaghanodgītacāpapratāpaḥ |
vīrādasmātparaḥ kaḥ padayugayugapatpātibhūpātibhūyaścūḍāratnoḍupatnīkaraparicaraṇāmandanandannakhenduḥ || 18 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.18 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Abhumi, Valaya, Alaya, Jala, Jali, Pana, Pathin, Pathya, Pathi, Akirti, Sapta, Akupara, Pari, Sadana, Jana, Ghana, Udgita, Capa, Pratapa, Vira, Idam, Asma, Parah, Para, Kah, Pada, Yuga, Yugapat, Pat, Patin, Pati, Bhupa, Ati, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Cudaratna, Udu, Patnika, Carana, Amanda, Nandat, Khendu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “āsīdāsīmabhūmīvalayamalayajālepanepathyakīrtiḥ saptākūpārapārīsadanajanaghanodgītacāpapratāpaḥ
  • āsīd -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single], [injunctive active third single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • āsī -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • im -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • abhūmī -
  • abhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • valayam -
  • valaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    valaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    valayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • alaya -
  • alaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    alaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāle -
  • jāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    jālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jāli (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    jāli (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • pane -
  • pana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pan (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • pathya -
  • pathin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [locative single]
    pathya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pathya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    path -> pathya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √path]
    pathī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • akīrtiḥ -
  • akīrti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saptā -
  • sapta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sapta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sap -> sapta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
    sap -> sapta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √sap class 1 verb]
    sap -> saptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √sap class 1 verb]
  • akūpāra -
  • akūpāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    akūpāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pārī -
  • pārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • sadana -
  • sadana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sadana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jana -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ghano -
  • ghana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ghana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ghanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • udgīta -
  • udgīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    udgīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cāpa -
  • cāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pratāpaḥ -
  • pratāpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line2: “vīrādasmātparaḥ kaḥ padayugayugapatpātibhūpātibhūyaścūḍāratnoḍupatnīkaraparicaraṇāmandanandannakhenduḥ
  • vīrād -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vīra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • asmāt -
  • asma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    asma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
  • paraḥ -
  • paraḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pada -
  • pada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yuga -
  • yuga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yugapat -
  • yugapat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yugapat (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yugapat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pāti -
  • pāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pātin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pātin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pāt (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    -> pāt (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pātī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pāt (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> pātī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • bhūpā -
  • bhūpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhūyaś -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • cūḍāratno -
  • cūḍāratna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • uḍu -
  • uḍu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • patnīka -
  • patnīka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    patnīka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rapa -
  • rap (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • caraṇā -
  • caraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • amanda -
  • amanda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    amanda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nandann -
  • nand -> nandat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √nand class 1 verb], [vocative single from √nand class 1 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • khenduḥ -
  • khendu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    khendu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 12.18

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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