Idam, Idaṃ: 6 definitions

Introduction

Idam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

idaṃ : ((Nom. and Acc. sing. of ima) nt.) this thing.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Idam (इदम्).—pron. a. [ayam m., iyam f., idam n.]

1) This, here, referring to something near the speaker; इदमस्तु संनिकृष्टं रूपम् (idamastu saṃnikṛṣṭaṃ rūpam)); इदं तत् (idaṃ tat) ... इति यदुच्यते (iti yaducyate) Ś.5 here is the truth of the saying.

2) Present, seen; the nominative forms are used with verbs in the sense of 'here'; इयमस्मि (iyamasmi) here am I; so इमे स्मः (ime smaḥ); अयमागच्छामि (ayamāgacchāmi) here I come.

3) It often refers to something immediately following, while एतद् (etad) refers to what precedes; अनुकल्पस्त्वयं ज्ञेयः सदा सद्भिरनुष्ठितः (anukalpastvayaṃ jñeyaḥ sadā sadbhiranuṣṭhitaḥ) Ms.3.147 (ayam = vakṣyamāṇaḥ Kull.); श्रुत्त्वै- तदिदमूचुः (śruttvai- tadidamūcuḥ)

4) It occurs connected with यत्, तत्, एतद्, अदस्, किम् (yat, tat, etad, adas, kim) or a personal pronoun, either to point out anything more distinctly and emphatically, or sometimes pleonastically; कोऽयमाचरत्यविनयम् (ko'yamācaratyavinayam) Ś.1.25; सेयम्, सोऽयम् (seyam, so'yam), this here; so इमास्ताः (imāstāḥ); अयमहं भोः (ayamahaṃ bhoḥ) Ś.4 ho, here am I. -ind. Ved.

1) Here, to this place.

2) Now.

3) There.

4) With these words, herewith.

5) In this manner; नैतदौपयिकं राम यदिदं परितप्यसे (naitadaupayikaṃ rāma yadidaṃ paritapyase) Rām.2.53.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Idam (इदम्).—pron. mfn.

(-ayaṃ-iyaṃ-idaṃ) This. E. ind to have power, kamin Unadi affix, and the radical na rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Idam (इदम्).—[i + d-am], pron. sbst. and adj. The bases of the declension are a m. and n., ā f., i n. ī f., i-ma m. and n. i-mā f., a-na m. and n. a-nā f., and e-na m. and n. e-nā f. This, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 163; [Nala] 7, 17 (16). Combined with other pronouns it may be translated Here, e. g. with the first psn., Chr. 24, 44, ayaṃ gacchāmi, Here I go; with tad, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 13, 31; with yad, [Hiḍimbavadha] 3, 19; with kim, [Hitopadeśa] 18, 11.

— Cf. [Latin] is, ea, id; [Gothic.] is ita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Idam (इदम्).—([neuter] sgl. & °— as stem) this, this here (refers to something following, rarely preceding); this all or this universe (±viśvam, sarvam, or sakalam). Obs. also tadidam even this, this very thing, kimidam what here? As [adverb] here; now, thus, even, right. idamidam here and there, now and then.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Idam (इदम्):—1 ayam, iyam, idam ([from] id, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 156]; [gana] sarvādi, [Pāṇini 1-1, 27; Vopadeva]; a kind of neut. of the [pronominal] base 3. i with am cf. [Latin] is, ea, id, and idem; the regular forms are partly derived from the [pronominal] base a; See [grammar] 224; the Veda exhibits various irregular formations e.g. [from] [pronominal] base a, an inst. enā, ayā [used in general adverbially], and [genitive case] [locative case] [dual number] ayos, and perhaps also avos, in [Ṛg-veda vi, 67, 11; vii, 67, 4; x, 132, 5] [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]; [from] the base ima, a [genitive case] [singular] imasya, only, [Ṛg-veda]; the [Ṛg-veda] has in a few instances the irregular accentuation asmai, [v, 39, 5, etc.]; asya, [iv, 15, 5, etc.]; ābhis, [vi, 25, 2, etc.] : the forms derived [from] a are used enclitically if they take the place of the third personal pronoun, do not stand at the beginning of a verse or period, and have no peculiar stress laid upon them), this, this here, referring to something near the speaker

2) known, present

3) (opposed to adas e.g. ayaṃ lokaḥ or idaṃ viśvam or idaṃ sarvam, this earthly world, this universe; ayam agniḥ, this fire which burns on the earth; but asāv agniḥ, that fire in the sky, id est. the lightning: so also idam or iyam alone sometimes signifies ‘this earth’; ime smaḥ, here we are.) idam often refers to something immediately following, whereas etad points to what precedes (e.g. śrutvaitad idam ūcuḥ, having heard that they said this). idam occurs connected with yad, tad, etad, kim, and a personal pronoun, partly to point out anything more distinctly and emphatically, partly pleonastically (e.g. tad idaṃ vākyam, this speech here following ; so yaṃ vidūṣakaḥ, this Vidūṣaka here).

4) 2. idam ind. ([Ved. and in a few instances in classical Sanskṛt]) here, to this place

5) now, even, just

6) there

7) with these words, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

8) in this manner, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 53, 31; Śakuntalā] ([varia lectio] for iti in kim iti joṣam āsyate, [202, 8]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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