Alaya, Ālaya: 16 definitions


Alaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Ālaya (आलय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ālaya (आलय) or Mandira refers to “one’s house”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.28. Accordingly as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O gentle lady, those who go to another man’s house (para-mandira) without being invited attain disrespect which is more serious than even death. Even the prosperous Indra and people like him going to another man’s house (para-ālaya) in such a context become worthless. What then about others? A journey of such a nature is futile”.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Ālaya (आलय) is the name for a “building” that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The terms—bhavana, gṛha, niveśana, ālaya, veśma, āyatana, aṭṭālaka etc. have been used in the Nīlamata for buildings but it is not possible to distinguish between the significance of one term and the other. No example of the period of the Nīlamata has been preserved. The Nīlamata says nothing about the building-materials. All that is known about the houses mentioned in the Nīlamata is that those had doors and ventilators and were whitewashed. The decoration of houses with fruits, leaves and garlands of rice-plants is also referred to.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ālaya (आलय).—Temple for Iśvara.—(see āyatana);1 or a place of residence.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 279; 91. 29; 101. 214.
  • 2) Ib. 50. 15, 17, 22 and 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryAn abbreviation of Alaya vijanana. Alaya is a sort of eternal substance or matter, creative and containing all forms; when considered as a whole, it is non existent, or contains nothing; when considered phenomenal, it fills the universe. It seems to be of the nature of materialism. It is the store or totality of consciousness both absolute and relative. It is described as the fundamental mind consciousness of conscious beings, which lays hold of all the experience of the individual life, and which stores and holds the germs of all affairs. It is the last of Eighth Consciousness from which the Wisdom of Great Round Mirror is derived.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ālaya.—cf. ālai (SII 3), a temple; a contraction of dev-ālaya. Cf. āyatana, bhavana, pura, etc. Note: ālaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālaya : (m.) 1. abode; roosting place; 2. desire; attachment; 3. pretence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ālaya, (m. & nt.) (cp. Sk. ālaya, ā + , līyate, cp. allīna & allīyati, also nirālaya) — 1. orig. roosting place, perch, i. e. abode settling place, house J.I, 10 (geh°); Miln.213; DhA.II, 162 (an° = anoka), 170 (= oka). — 2. “hanging on”, attachment, desire, clinging, lust S.I, 136 = Vin.I, 4 (°rāma “devoted to the things to which it clings” K. S.); Vin.III, 20, 111; S.IV, 372 (an°); V, 421 sq. (id.); A.II, 34, 131 (°rāma); III, 35; It.88; Sn.177 (kām° = kāmesu taṇhā-diṭṭhi-vasena duvidho ālayo SnA 216), 535 (+ āsavāni), 635; Nett 121, 123 (°samugghāta); Vism.293 (id.), 497; Miln.203 (Buddh °ṃ akāsi?); DhA.I, 121; IV, 186 (= taṇhā); SnA 468 (= anoka of Sn.366). — 3. pretence, pretext, feint (cp. BSk. ālaya M Vastu III, 314) J.I, 157 (gilān°), 438; III, 533 (mat°); IV, 37 (gabbhinī); VI 20, 262 (gilān°). (Page 109)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ālaya (आलय).—n S A house, a dwelling, a receptacle, a place of receiving and containing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ālaya (आलय).—n A house.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alaya (अलय).—a. [nāsti layaḥ avasthānaṃ yasya]

1) Houseless, vagrant, moving about; Śi.4.57.

2) Without destruction or loss, imperishable.

-yaḥ 1 Non-destruction, permanence.

2) Birth, production.

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Ālaya (आलय).—[ālīyate'smin, ālī-ac]

1) An abode, a house, a dwelling; आलयं देवशत्रूणां सुघोरं खाण्डवं वनम् (ālayaṃ devaśatrūṇāṃ sughoraṃ khāṇḍavaṃ vanam) Mb.1.223.75; न हि दुष्टात्मनामार्या निवसन्त्यालये चिरम् (na hi duṣṭātmanāmāryā nivasantyālaye ciram) Rām.; सर्वाञ्जनस्थानकृतालयान् (sarvāñjanasthānakṛtālayān) Rām. who lived or dwelt in Janasthāna.

2) A village; मन्दरस्य च ये कोटिं संश्रिताः केचिदालयाः (mandarasya ca ye koṭiṃ saṃśritāḥ kecidālayāḥ) Rām.4.4.25.

3) A receptacle, seat, place; हिमालयो नाम नगाधिराजः (himālayo nāma nagādhirājaḥ) Ku.1.1; so देवालयम्, विद्यालयम् (devālayam, vidyālayam) &c; fig. also; दुःख° (duḥkha°) Bg.8.15; गुण° (guṇa°).

4) Contact.

-yam ind. Till destruction, death; पिबत भागवतं रसमालयम् (pibata bhāgavataṃ rasamālayam) Bhāg.

Derivable forms: ālayaḥ (आलयः).

See also (synonyms): ālayam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ālaya (आलय).—m., rarely nt. (in Sanskrit ‘home’, also in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]; Pali id., same mgs. as [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]): (1) (habitation, hence) firm basis, fundamental base, in an-ālaya, ālaya-vijñāna, qq.v. for Tibetan; also Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 374.3 mano hy ālayasaṃbhūtaṃ, 4 ālayāt sarvacittāni pravartanti taraṅgavat (in both of these substantially = ālaya-vijñāna); perhaps here also Avadāna-śataka ii.175.2—3 tatas tena bhagavato 'ntike cittaṃ prasāditaṃ teṣāṃ ca mahāśrāvakāṇām ālayasamāpannānām (arrived at the fundamental basis, the proper mental state?); (2) attach- ment, clinging: Mahāvyutpatti 5382 kāmālayaḥ, attachment (Tibetan zhen pa) to desires (Tibetan ḥdod pa la); Mahāvastu iii.314.2 (mss. corrupt, ed. incorrect; read) ālayārāmā…ālayaratā ālayasamuditā (prajā), mankind takes pleasure, joy, delight in attachment (to lusts; see samudita, and Pali parallels SN i.136.11 ff.; Vin. i.4.35 ff.); Mahāvastu iii.400.3 hitvā ālayāni (em., from Pali Sn 535; mss. ālepati); Udānavarga xii.18 ālayāṃs trīn (= the three tṛṣṇā 2 = Pali taṇhā; compare Sn 635 ālayā, commentary taṇhā); Mahāvastu iii.200.11 ālayasamudghāto, rooting out of attachment, compare Pali Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) ii.34.24; Vism. 293.9, 25 f. See also nirālaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alaya (अलय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Houseless, homeless. E. a neg. and laya place of refuge.

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Ālaya (आलय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A house, a dwelling, a receptacle, an asylum. E. āṅ before līṅ to enfold, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alaya (अलय):—[=a-laya] m. (√), non-dissolution, permanence, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 71, 10] ([varia lectio] an-aya)

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. restless, [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 57.]

3) Ālaya (आलय):—[=ā-laya] a See ā-√lī.

4) [=ā-laya] [from ā-lī] b m. and n. a house, dwelling

5) [v.s. ...] a receptacle, asylum, [Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] (often ifc. e.g. himālaya, ‘the abode of snow.’)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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