Pana, Pāṇa, Paṇa, Pāna: 25 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Pāna (पान) includes both alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Paṇa (पण).—A coin.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 14.

2) Pana (पन).—A Devagandharva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 39.

3a) Pāna (पान).—The region of adharma and of Kali;1 drinking liquor by a king is to be avoided.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 38.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 220. 8.

3b) The hamlet next in rank above kheta*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 110.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Pāna (पान) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Pāna (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a bull. His right hand is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a viṇā is in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Pāna) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Pāna (पान) refers to the “pleasure of drinking”, which is considered as very harmful (kaṣṭatama), according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] hunting (mṛgayā), dice (akṣa), sleeping during the day (divāsvapna), censoriousness (parivāda), women (strī), intoxication (mada), musical triad (tauryatrika) and listless wandering (vṛthāṭyā) constitute the ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure (kāmaja). [...] in the set arising from love of pleasure (kāmaja),—drinking (pāna), dice (akṣa), women (strī) and hunting (mṛgayā) are to be regarded as the four most pernicious (kaṣṭatama), in the order in which they are named”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Pāna (पान) refers to “drink”, and is used in the treatment of poison (viṣa), according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The author has given a detailed description of types of [snake-] bite mark and the corresponding causes and prognosis. [...] Fume therapy using certain drugs can help regain consciousness. The first dung of a calf is ground in the urine of a goat and a suppository is made which is used for dhūmapāna (fume inhalation). This chapter also includes many nasya (nasal administration), añjana (collyrium), lepa (external ointment/liniment), pāna (drink) with simple drugs mentioned.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pāna (पान) refers to “beverages” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “by food and drink (anna-pāna) we understand briefly ‘mouthfuls of food which is twofold, coarse or subtle’: on the one hand, cakes (maṇḍa), cooked rice (odana), etc.; on the other hand, the food of a hundred flavors (śatarasāhāra)”.

Beverages (pāna), as they are usually called, are of two types:

  1.     wines from plants such as the grape-vine (drakṣā), sugar-cane (ikṣu), etc.;
  2.     plant liquors: mead from honey (madhu), pomegranate liquor, pear liquor, etc., and all cereal liquors.
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Pāṇa (पाण) or Vajrapāṇa is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Pāṇī [or Vajrapāṇī] forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Pāṇa] are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Pāna (पान) refers to “food that is drunk” and represents one of the four classifications of food (āhāra) according to the 11th century Śrāvakācāra (verse 6.96-97) by Amitagati. Pāna refers to all that is drunk: water, milk, the juice of fruits such as grapes and tamarinds, and the water in which rice or barley orother cereals have been boiled, particularly rice-gruel (kāñjika or sauvīra). Prohibited under this head are alcohol and the liquid from meat.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pāna (पान, “drink”) refers to “solid food” and represents one of the four types of food, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] together with abandonment of all censurable activities the noble man [i.e., Mahābala] renounced the four kinds of food [viz., pāna]. Constantly immersed in the pool of nectar of abstract meditation, he, like a lotus-bed, did not fade at all. He, the crest-jewel of the noble, had undiminished beauty, as if he had been eating food and taking drink”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Chaitanya’s life and teachings (history)

Pana is one of the places visited by Chaitanya during his pilgrimage in Southern India between April 1510 and January 1512.—Pana.—Panakal Narasimha at Mangal-giri, 7 m. south of Bezvada. But it is too far to the north. [R. M. G.] When visitors offer a draught to Narasimha-swami, the image in the temple refuses to drink more than half of it. (Kistna Dist. Man. 179).

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Paṇa or Palonagara is the name of an ancient locality that existed since the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Near Kāsapabbata was the town Paṇa, also called Palonagara; this place is identical with Pajjotanagara which was named after Pajjota tank which Duṭṭhagāmaṇi built near Kāsapabbata. The Sīgiri Graffiti mention Polonaru. In an inscription of Vasabha (67-111) Palo-nakaraka tank in Tihalaka district and the assembly at Tiragama are mentioned. Aggabodhi II (604-614) built a Practising House at Palaṃnagara-vihāra. Tiragama appears to be identical with Terigāma ,southward of Anurādhapura, where Parakkamabāhu’s forces won decisive victory. Close to Kāsapabbata, Duṭṭhagāmaṇi built the tank Kulantavāpi or Kulatthavāpi or Kalatāvava (Kalatāvāva), present Kalattāva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paṇa.—(IE 8-8; EI 23, 24, 30; SII 11-1), same as Tamil paṇam, spelt in English as fanam; cf. Yādavarāyan-paṇam (SITI), name of a coin issued by the Yādavarāyas; name of a coin 80 ratis in weight; same as the copper kārsāpaṇa; equal to 80 cowrie-shells according to the Līlāvatī; copper coin (1/16) of a silver kārṣāpaṇa according to the Kṛtyakalpataru (Vyavahāra- kāṇḍa, ed. K.V. Rangaswami Aiyangar, p. 125), and (1/48) of a suvarṇa (JNSI, Vol. II, p. 7); also used to indicate ‘money’. In Tamil, paṇam means a particular coin (usually, a small gold coin), or money in general, or taxes; cf. paṇa-vargam (SITI), a class of taxes payable in cash, same as kāśāya-vargam; also paṇa- vāśi, ‘discount payable for the exchange of coins; amount pay- able to make up the wear in the coin’. Cf. vil-paṇam (SITI), sale-tax; also understood as a tax on bows or archery; vāśal- paṇam (SITI), door-tax or periodical payment due to the palace. (ASLV), a sect or caste, eighteen in number theoretically. (EI 19), a land measure. Note: paṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Paṇa.—same as the copper kārṣāpaṇa, 80 ratis in weight according to Manu, etc.; equal to 80 cowrie-shells according to the Līlāvatī; regarded in East India during the late medieval period as equal to 80 cowrie-shells and (1/16) of a kāhaṇ = kārṣāpaṇa (q. v.); (1/16) of a suvarṇa according to some; (1/48) of a kārṣāpaṇa according to the Kṛtyakalpataru; same as Tamil paṇam (q. v.) Note: paṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pana : ((Adversative and interogative particle) ind.) and; yet; but; out the contrary; and now; more over. || pāna (nt.) drinking; a drink; a syrup.

-- or --

pāṇa : (m.) life; breath; a living being.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇa, (fr. pa+an, cp. Vedic prāṇa breath of life; P. apāna, etc. ) living being, life, creature D. III, 48, 63, 133; S. I, 209, 224; V, 43, 227, 441 (mahā-samudde); A. I, 161; II, 73, 176, 192; Sn. 117, 247, 394, 704; Dh. 246; DA. I, 69, 161; KhA 26; ThA. 253; PvA. 9, 28, 35; VvA. 72; DhA. II, 19.—pl. also pāṇāni, e.g. Sn. 117; Dh. 270. ‹-› Bdhgh’s definition of pāṇa is “pāṇanatāya pāṇā; assāsapassās’āyatta-vuttitāyā ti attho” Vism. 310.

— or —

Paṇa, (in this meaning unknown in Sk; only in one faulty var. lect. as “house”; see BR s. v. paṇa. Usual meaning “wager”) a shop J. IV, 488 (v. l. pana). (Page 403)

— or —

Pana, (indecl.) (doublet of Sk. puna(ḥ) wiṭh diff. meaning (see puna), cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 34) adversative & interrogative particle, sometimes (originally, cp. puna “again, further”) merely connecting & continuing the story.—(1) (adversative) but, on the contrary J. I, 222; II, 159; VvA. 79 (correl. with tāva). ca pana “but” J. I, 152; atha ca pana “and yet” D. I, 139; J. I, 279; na kho pana “certainly not” J. I, 151; vā pana “or else” Vin. I, 83; Dh. 42; Sn. 376, 829.—(2) (in questions) then, now J. II, 4 (kiṃ p.), 159 (kahaṃ p.); VvA. 21 (kena p.); PvA. 27 (katamaṃ p.).—(3) (conclusive or copulative) and, and now, further, moreover D. I, 139 (siyā kho p. be it now that ... ); Sn. 23, 393, 396, 670; J. I, 278; PvA. 3. (Page 411)

— or —

Pāna, (Vedic pāna, fr. , pibati=Lat. bibo, pp. pīta, Idg. *po(i), cp. Gr. pi/nw to drink, pόtos drink; Obulg. piti to drink, pivo drink; Lith. penas milk; Lat. potus drink, poculum drinking vessel (=Sk. pātra, P. patta)) drink, including water as well as any other liquid. Often combined with anna° (food), e.g. Sn. 485, 487; Pv. I, 52; and °bhojana (id.) e.g. Dh. 249; J. I, 204. Two sets of 8 drinks are given in detail at Nd1 372.—Vin. I, 245, 249 (yāgu°); S. V, 375 (majja°); Sn. 82, 398, 924; J. I, 202 (dibba°); Pug. 51; PvA. 7, 8, 50.—âgāra a drinking booth, a tavern Vin. II, 267; III, 151; J. I, 302 (=surā-geha C.); Vbh. 247; VbhA. 339. (Page 452)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṇa (पण).—m (S) A promise, assurance, engagement. 2 A bet or wager. v kara, ghāla. 3 The stake or sum played for (at dice or cards). paṇa bhōgaṇēṃ To have positive assurance and be ready to wager.

--- OR ---

paṇa (पण).—conj (parantu or para S) But, yet, nevertheless. 2 Also, too, likewise. 2 Used redundantly, or expletively, or as a particle of emphatic affirmation, with much of the import and power of kīṃ or of q. v. Ex. jātōṃ paṇa, yētōṃ paṇa, dētōṃ paṇa, ghētōṃ paṇa; or as mī paṇa ālōṃ, mī paṇa gēlōṃ. Used also with the power of the particle Even. Ex. śapathā paṇa vāhilyā paṇa kharēṃ nāhīṃ bōlalā; śi- vī paṇa dilhī paṇa myāṃ sōsalī.

--- OR ---

paṇa (पण).—An affix attached to adjectives and to nouns to form abstract nouns; corresponding with ness, hood, ship. Ex. cāṅgalēmpaṇa, vāīṭapaṇa Goodness, badness. It is attached with propriety only to Maraṭhi words; but, in vulgar or heedless speech, it is attached also to adjectives and nouns from the Sanskrit. All the nouns formed by it are neuter. Of adjectives terminating in ā it inflects, in the formation of the noun, the final ā into ए. There are some exceptions; as śāhaṇā, mhātārā &c., of which are formed śāhaṇapaṇa, mhātārapaṇa &c., the ā being dropped altogether: also there are vāṅkuḍapaṇa, dhākuṭapaṇa, cāṅgulapaṇa &c., but these are from the primitive forms vāṅkuḍā, dhākuṭā, cāṅgulā &c. 2 Used from its sense hood or ship as s n, and in the power of the word vaya (age); as mulagī or mulagā paṇānta ālī The maid (or lad) is come of age: also paṇānta āhē is in any year of the age from the twelfth year to the conclusion of the prime or to the verge of senility. This usage with regard to paṇa originally resembled ours with regard to "teens," restricted probably to the period included betwixt 12 and 20; but now paṇa embraces the whole term of maturity or adultness. paṇānta yēṇēṃ To enter into the "teens" implies however, (in the case of a female) not to be passing from childhood into maidenhood, but to be entering into full womanhood.

--- OR ---

paṇā (पणा).—An affix which see explained under the affix paṇa. As the nouns formed with that are all neuter, so all formed with this are masculine.

--- OR ---

panā (पना).—m The name of a tree. It bears flowers and a small gram-like fruit. Two kinds, the greater and the less, are common.

--- OR ---

pāna (पान).—n (parṇa S) A leaf. 2 By eminence. The leaf of Piper betel; and, by synecdoche, the roll of this leaf with betelnut, spices, and lime, to be chewed. 3 A leaf of a book. 4 A sheet of paper. 5 A leaf or plate of metal foil. 6 A leaf-form ornament, to be bound on the forehead of children, or around the neck of man or woman, or neck or forehead of a horse. 7 A single dhotar, one of a pair. 8 A petal of the flower kētakī. 9 A single card of a pack. 10 The blade of a weapon or tool. 11 (Because the phaṇa or hood resembles a leaf.) A covert term for a snake (not for nāga solely, but for a snake generally). v lāga, cāva acc. of o.; there being generally reference to biting. 12 (For māhuṭīcēṃ pāna) The cross-piece receiving the ends of the rafters. 13 A common term for the portions of the parapet or battlement of a fort intervening between the embrasures. (Because of the form of a leaf of the pimpala.) 14 A kind of grass. Used medicinally for its emollient and diluent properties. Called in Sanskrit ērakā. 15 The skinhead of the tabor called sambaḷa.

--- OR ---

pāna (पान).—n (S) Drinking. Esp. in comp. as amṛta- pāna, madhupāna, rasapāna, kṣīrapāna. 2 (Abridged from madyapāna or surāpāna, or by eminence.) Drinking spirituous or vinous liquors.

--- OR ---

pānā (पाना).—a R W (pāṇī Water.) Turned yellowish and musty by rain falling upon it after being stacked, or after it had ripened in the field--corn. Hence pānētāndūḷa m pl Rice so spoiled.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṇa (पण).—m A promise, assurance, engage- ment. A bet or wager. The stake or sum played for (at dice or cards). paṇa bhōmaṇēṃ To have positive assurance and be ready to wager.

--- OR ---

paṇa (पण).—conj. or But, yet, nevertheless. Also, too, likewise. Used redun- dantly, or expletively, or as a parti- cle of emphatic affirmation, with much of the import and power of kīṃ or of . Ex. jātōṃ paṇa, yētōṃ paṇa Used also with the power of the particle Even. Ex. śapathā paṇa vāhilyā paṇa kharēṃ nāhīṃ bōlalā.

--- OR ---

paṇa (पण).—An affix attached to adjectives and to nouns to form abstract nouns; corresponding with ness, hood, ship. Ex. cāṅgalēmpaṇa, vāṃīṭapaṇa Goodness, badness. mulagā or mulagī paṇānta ālī The maid (or lad) is come of age. paṇānta āhē is in any year of the age from the twelfth year to the conclusion of the prime or to the verge of senility. paṇānta yēṇēṃ Tobe entering into full womanhood.

--- OR ---

paṇā (पणा).—An affix which see explained under the affix paṇa. As the nouns formed with that are all neuter, so all formed with this are masculine.

--- OR ---

pāna (पान).—n A leaf. The leaf of betel. The roll of this leaf with betelnut, spices, and lime, to be chewed. A leaf of a book. A sheet of paper. A leaf or plate of metal foil. A leaf-form ornament. A single dhotar, one of a pair. A petal of the flower kētakī. A single card of a pack. The blade of a weapon or tool. māhōṭyācēṃ pāna The cross-piece receiving the ends of the rafters. n Drinking. pānāvara pāna ṭākaṇēṃ- ghālaṇēṃ-ṭhēvaṇēṃ To suppress, hush up. pānāvara pāna ṭhēvaṇēṃ To conceal (tuja)-vāñcūna pāna hālata nāhīṃ Expresses the indispensableness or extreme importance of. pānēṃ pujaṇēṃ To serve or lay scanty victuals upon the dining leaves. puḍhalēṃ pāna ōḍhūṃ nayē or puḍhalyā pānāsa mātī ghālūṃ nayē Strive not to deprive another of his bread. puḍhēṃ vāḍhalēlyā pānāsa lātha māraṇēṃ To reject offers of kindness; to slight benefits in possession. To die suddenly in the prime of life and height of prosperity.

--- OR ---

pānā (पाना).—m Spanner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṇa (पण).—1 Playing with dice or for a stake.

2) A game played for a stake, bet, wager; सपणश्चेद्विवादः स्यात्तत्र हीनं तु दापयेत् (sapaṇaścedvivādaḥ syāttatra hīnaṃ tu dāpayet) Y.2.18; दमयन्त्याः पणः साधुर्वर्तताम् (damayantyāḥ paṇaḥ sādhurvartatām) Mb.

3) The thing staked.

4) A condition, compact, agreement; संधिं करोतु भवतां नृपतिः पणेन (saṃdhiṃ karotu bhavatāṃ nṛpatiḥ paṇena) Ve.1.15; 'a stipulation, treaty'; H.4.118,119.

5) Wages, hire.

6) Reward.

7) A sum in coins or shells.

8) A particular coin equal in value to 8 cowries; अशीतिभिर्वराटकैः पण इत्यभिधीयते (aśītibhirvarāṭakaiḥ paṇa ityabhidhīyate); ततोऽरिसैन्या- दानीतान् सौवर्णान् राजतान् पणान् (tato'risainyā- dānītān sauvarṇān rājatān paṇān) Śiva B.23.3.

9) Price.

1) Wealth, property; आरोपणेन पणमप्रतिकार्यमार्यस्त्रैयम्बकस्य धनुषो यदि नाकरिष्यत् (āropaṇena paṇamapratikāryamāryastraiyambakasya dhanuṣo yadi nākariṣyat) Mv.1.27.

11) A commodity for sale.

12) Business, transaction; निरस्य समयं सर्वे पणोऽस्माकं भविष्यति (nirasya samayaṃ sarve paṇo'smākaṃ bhaviṣyati) Mb.3.7.9.

13) A shop.

14) A seller, vendor.

15) A distiller.

16) A house.

17) Expense of an expedition.

18) A handful of anything.

19) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: paṇaḥ (पणः).

--- OR ---

Pāṇa (पाण).—[paṇ bhāve ghañ]

1) Trade, traffic; समीक्ष्य च बहून् दोषान् संवासाद् विद्धि पाणयोः (samīkṣya ca bahūn doṣān saṃvāsād viddhi pāṇayoḥ) Mb.13.44.37.

2) A trader.

3) A game; a turn in game (Mar. ḍāva); एकपाणेन भद्रं ते प्राणयोश्च पणावहे (ekapāṇena bhadraṃ te prāṇayośca paṇāvahe) Mb.3.78.6.

4) A stake at play; दीव्यामहे पार्थिव मा विशङ्कां कुरुष्व पाणं च चिरं च मा कृथाः (dīvyāmahe pārthiva mā viśaṅkāṃ kuruṣva pāṇaṃ ca ciraṃ ca mā kṛthāḥ) Mb.2.59.8.

5) An agreement.

6) Praise.

7) The hand.

Derivable forms: pāṇaḥ (पाणः).

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—[pā-lyuṭ]

1) Drinking, quaffing, kissing (a lip); पयःपानम् (payaḥpānam); देहि मुखकमलमधुपानम् (dehi mukhakamalamadhupānam) Gīt.1.

2) Drinking spirituous liquors; नहि धर्मार्थसिद्ध्यर्थं पानमेव प्रशस्यते (nahi dharmārthasiddhyarthaṃ pānameva praśasyate) Rām. 4.33.46. Ms.7.5;9.13; द्यूतपानप्रसक्ताश्च जघन्या राजसी गतिः (dyūtapānaprasaktāśca jaghanyā rājasī gatiḥ) 12.45.

3) A drink, beverage in general; Ms. 3.227; पयःपानं भुजङ्गानां केवलं विषवर्धनम् (payaḥpānaṃ bhujaṅgānāṃ kevalaṃ viṣavardhanam) Pt.1.389.

4) A drinking vessel.

5) Sharpening; whetting.

6) Protection, defence.

7) A canal.

-naḥ 1 A distiller.

2) Breath, expiration. -a. (in comp.) Drinking, one who drinks; विश्वं युगान्ते वटपत्र एकः शेते स्म मायाशिशुरङ्घ्रिपानः (viśvaṃ yugānte vaṭapatra ekaḥ śete sma māyāśiśuraṅghripānaḥ) Bhāg.3.33.4.

Derivable forms: pānam (पानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pana (पन).—(?) , indecl. (= Pali pana, Sanskrit punar), but: according to Senart's em. in Mahāvastu i.188.10 (verse), for mss. pannā; but the whole line is corrupt and dubious. (Senart has no note and omits the word in his Index.)

--- OR ---

Pāṇa (पाण).—m. (= AMg. id.), a cāṇḍāla, ‘untouchable’: Mahāvastu ii.487.1 (mss. yā°), 4; iii.21.10. (Orig. = MIndic pāṇa, creature ? see prāṇa.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇa (पण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Measure of account, in cowries or shells, twenty gandas or eighty cowries; also a weight of copper of similar value. 2. Wages or hire. 3. A stake at play, a bet, a wager. 4. Gaming, playing. 5. Playing with dice. 6. Price. 7. Wealth, property 8. A commodity for sale. 9. Business. 10. A distiller. 11. A house, a dwelling. 12. A stipulation, a treaty. 13. A vendor. 14. A shop. E. paṇ to do business, aff. ap .

--- OR ---

Pāṇa (पाण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Trade, traffic. 2. A trader. 3. An agreement. 4. Praise. 5. The hand. E. paṇ to be of price, &c. bhāve ghañ aff.

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Drinking. 2. A drinking cup or vessel. 3. Preserving, protecting. 4. A beverage. 5. Sharpening. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Breath, breathing out, expiration. 2. A distiller. E. to drink, &c. aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇa (पण).—[paṇ + a], m. 1. Play, Mahābhārata 3, 2261. 2. Playing for, Mahābhārata 3, 2299. 3. A bet, a stake (at play), Mahābhārata 5, 1203. 4. A cast (at play), Mahābhārata 3, 3035. 5. Wages or hire, reward, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 18, 386; expense (of an expedition), Kām. Nītis. 9, 13

— 15. 6. A coin of a certain weight, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 126.

--- OR ---

Pāṇa (पाण).—i. e. paṇ + a, m. A stake (at a game), Mahābhārata 2, 2037.

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—i. e. 1. pā + ana, n. 1. Drinking, [Pañcatantra] 184, 18. 2. Enjoying, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 25, 11. 3. Beverage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 227.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇa (पण).—[masculine] bargain, stipulation, contract; play, game, bet, wager; the thing staked, deposited, or agreed upon; a cert. coin.

--- OR ---

Pāṇa (पाण).—[masculine] a stake at play.

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—1. [neuter] drinking, beverage.

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—2. v. 3 .

--- OR ---

Pāna (पान).—3. v. tanūpāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṇa (पण):—[from paṇ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) play, gaming, playing for a stake, a bet or a wager (with [genitive case]; [locative case] or ifc.; paṇaṃ-√kṛ, to make a bet; paṇe ni-√as, to stake at play), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a compact, stipulation, agreement, treaty, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Hitopadeśa]

3) [v.s. ...] the thing staked or the sum played for, wages, hire, reward, [Mahābhārata; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] a weight of copper used as a coin (= 20 Māṣas = 4 Kākinīs), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] measure, [Pāṇini 3-3, 66] (‘a handful’ [Scholiast or Commentator])

6) [v.s. ...] a commodity for sale, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] price, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] wealth, property, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] business, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a publican or distiller, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a house, dwelling (gṛha [wrong reading] for glaha?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Pāna (पान):—[from ] 1. pāna n. drinking ([especially] d° spirituous liquors), draught, [Ṛg-veda] (only ifc.), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

13) [v.s. ...] drinking the saliva id est. kissing, [Kāvya literature] (cf. adhara-)

14) [v.s. ...] a drink, beverage, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] a drinking-vessel, cup, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a canal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] m. a distiller or vender of spirituous liquors, an inn-keeper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [from ] 2. pāna mfn. observing, keeping (See tanū-)

19) [v.s. ...] n. protection, defence (See, [ib.] and vāta-).

20) Pāṇa (पाण):—1. pāṇa m. (√paṇ) a stake at play, [Mahābhārata] (cf. paṇa)

21) trade, traffic, [Horace H. Wilson]

22) praise, [Horace H. Wilson]

23) 2. pāṇa m. = pāṇi, the hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) Pāna (पान):—a 1. 2. pāna See p.613, [columns] 1 and 2.

25) 3. pāna m. = apāna, breathing out, expiration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: