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Pana, aka: Pāṇa, Paṇa, Pāna; 3 Definition(s)


Pana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism


1) Paṇa (पण).—A coin.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 14.

2) Pana (पन).—A Devagandharva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 39.

3a) Pāna (पान).—The region of adharma and of Kali;1 drinking liquor by a king is to be avoided.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 38.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 220. 8.

3b) The hamlet next in rank above kheta*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 110.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


Pāṇa, (fr. pa+an, cp. Vedic prāṇa breath of life; P. apāna, etc. ) living being, life, creature D. III, 48, 63, 133; S. I, 209, 224; V, 43, 227, 441 (mahā-samudde); A. I, 161; II, 73, 176, 192; Sn. 117, 247, 394, 704; Dh. 246; DA. I, 69, 161; KhA 26; ThA. 253; PvA. 9, 28, 35; VvA. 72; DhA. II, 19.—pl. also pāṇāni, e.g. Sn. 117; Dh. 270. ‹-› Bdhgh’s defn of pāṇa is “pāṇanatāya pāṇā; assāsapassās’āyatta-vuttitāyā ti attho” Vism. 310.

—âtipāta destruction of life, murder Vin. I, 83 (in “dasa sikkhāpadāni, ” see also sīla), 85, 193; D. III, 68, 70, 149, 182, 235; M. I, 361; III, 23; Sn. 242; It. 63; J. III, 181; Pug. 39 sq.; Nett 27; VbhA. 383 (var. degrees of murder); DhA. II, 19; III, 355; DA. I, 69; PvA. 27. —âtipātin one who takes the life of a living being, destroying life D. III, 82; M. III, 22; S. II, 167; It. 92; DhA. II, 19. —upeta possessed or endowed with life, alive (cp. BSk. prāṇopeta Divy 72, 462 etc. ) S. I, 173; Sn. 157; DA. I, 236. —ghāta slaying life, killing, murder DA. I, 69; —ghātin= âtipātin DhA. II, 19. —bhu a living being J. IV, 494. —bhūta=°bhu M. III, 5; A. II, 210; III, 92; IV, 249 sq.; J. IV, 498. —vadha=âtipāta DA. I, 69. —sama equal to or as dear as life J. II, 343; Dpvs XI. 26; DhA. I, 5. —hara taking away life, destructive M. I, 10=III, 97; S. IV, 206; A. II, 116, 143, 153; III, 163. (Page 451)

— or —

Paṇa, (in this meaning unknown in Sk; only in one faulty var. lect. as “house”; see BR s. v. paṇa. Usual meaning “wager”) a shop J. IV, 488 (v. l. pana). (Page 403)

— or —

Pana, (indecl.) (doublet of Sk. puna(ḥ) wiṭh diff. meaning (see puna), cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 34) adversative & interrogative particle, sometimes (originally, cp. puna “again, further”) merely connecting & continuing the story.—(1) (adversative) but, on the contrary J. I, 222; II, 159; VvA. 79 (correl. with tāva). ca pana “but” J. I, 152; atha ca pana “and yet” D. I, 139; J. I, 279; na kho pana “certainly not” J. I, 151; vā pana “or else” Vin. I, 83; Dh. 42; Sn. 376, 829.—(2) (in questions) then, now J. II, 4 (kiṃ p.), 159 (kahaṃ p.); VvA. 21 (kena p.); PvA. 27 (katamaṃ p.).—(3) (conclusive or copulative) and, and now, further, moreover D. I, 139 (siyā kho p. be it now that ... ); Sn. 23, 393, 396, 670; J. I, 278; PvA. 3. (Page 411)

— or —

Pāna, (Vedic pāna, fr. , pibati=Lat. bibo, pp. pīta, Idg. *po(i), cp. Gr. pi/nw to drink, pόtos drink; Obulg. piti to drink, pivo drink; Lith. penas milk; Lat. potus drink, poculum drinking vessel (=Sk. pātra, P. patta)) drink, including water as well as any other liquid. Often combd with anna° (food), e.g. Sn. 485, 487; Pv. I, 52; and °bhojana (id.) e.g. Dh. 249; J. I, 204. Two sets of 8 drinks are given in detail at Nd1 372.—Vin. I, 245, 249 (yāgu°); S. V, 375 (majja°); Sn. 82, 398, 924; J. I, 202 (dibba°); Pug. 51; PvA. 7, 8, 50.—âgāra a drinking booth, a tavern Vin. II, 267; III, 151; J. I, 302 (=surā-geha C.); Vbh. 247; VbhA. 339. (Page 452)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

pana : ((Adversative and interogative particle) ind.) and; yet; but; out the contrary; and now; more over. || pāna (nt.) drinking; a drink; a syrup.

-- or --

pāṇa : (m.) life; breath; a living being.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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