Saptan: 5 definitions

Introduction

Saptan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—num. a. (always pl.; sapta nom. and acc.) Seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—mfn. Plural only, (sapta) Seven. E. ṣap to be collected, Unadi aff. kanin and tuṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—numeral adj. Seven, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptan (सप्तन्):—sg. and [plural] ([nominative case] [accusative] sapta; [instrumental case] tabhis; [dative case] [ablative] tabhyas; [genitive case] tānām [locative case] tasu) seven (a favourite number with the Hindūs, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as ‘three’, by which it is sometimes multiplied] ; hence 7 Mātṛs, 7 streams, 7 oceans, 7 cities [Ṛg-veda i, 63, 7], 7 divisions of the world, 7 ranges of mountains, 7 Ṛṣis, 7 Vipras [Ṛg-veda i, 62, 4], 7 Ādityas, 7 Dānavas, 7 horses of the Sun, 7 flames of fire, 7 Yonis of fire, 7 steps round the fire at marriage, 7 Samidhs, 7 tones, 7 sacrificial rites, 7 Maryādās, thrice 7 Padāni or mystical steps to heaven [Ṛg-veda i, 72, 6], thrice 7 cows etc.), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. Zend hapta; [Greek] ἑπτά; [Latin] septem; [Lithuanian] septynī; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sedmĭ; [Gothic] sibun; [German] sieben; [English] seven.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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