Saptan: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Saptan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—num. a. (always pl.; sapta nom. and acc.) Seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—mfn. Plural only, (sapta) Seven. E. ṣap to be collected, Unadi aff. kanin and tuṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—numeral adj. Seven, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—[adjective] [plural] seven (used also to express an indefinite plurality).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptan (सप्तन्):—sg. and [plural] ([nominative case] [accusative] sapta; [instrumental case] tabhis; [dative case] [ablative] tabhyas; [genitive case] tānām [locative case] tasu) seven (a favourite number with the Hindūs, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as ‘three’, by which it is sometimes multiplied] ; hence 7 Mātṛs, 7 streams, 7 oceans, 7 cities [Ṛg-veda i, 63, 7], 7 divisions of the world, 7 ranges of mountains, 7 Ṛṣis, 7 Vipras [Ṛg-veda i, 62, 4], 7 Ādityas, 7 Dānavas, 7 horses of the Sun, 7 flames of fire, 7 Yonis of fire, 7 steps round the fire at marriage, 7 Samidhs, 7 tones, 7 sacrificial rites, 7 Maryādās, thrice 7 Padāni or mystical steps to heaven [Ṛg-veda i, 72, 6], thrice 7 cows etc.), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. Zend hapta; [Greek] ἑπτά; [Latin] septem; [Lithuanian] septynī; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sedmĭ; [Gothic] sibun; [German] sieben; [English] seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्):—a. Seven.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saptan (सप्तन्):—(sa in der klassischen Sprache [Śāntanācārya’s Phiṭsūtrāṇi 2, 5.] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 156]), sapta nom. acc., saptabhyas, saptabhis, saptānām, saptasu; sieben. Diese Zahl drückt zugleich eine unbestimmte Vielheit aus, wie in kleinerem Maassstabe die Dreizahl. Daher auch die Vervielfältigung der sieben mit der drei. triḥ sa.ta [Ṛgveda 1, 191, 12. 14. 4, 1, 16. 7, 87, 3. 8, 46, 26. 58, 7. 85, 2. 9, 70, 1.] sapta sapta [5, 52, 17. 8, 28, 5. 10, 55, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 2, 5, 1, 13. 5, 4, 3, 17.] sa.ta.iṃ ca sa.ta ca [Ṛgveda 10, 93, 15.] sapta ca śatāni viṃśatiśca [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 17.] — [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 8, 9, 18.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 17, 79.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 11, 1, 1.] Āditya s. u. d. W. Sonnenrosse [Ṛgveda 1, 50, 8. 4, 13, 3.] Ströme [28, 1. 7, 18, 24. 8, 24, 27. 85, 1.] pra sa.ta sapta tre.hā hi cakra.uḥ [10, 75, 1. 64, 8.] Burgen der Dämonen [6, 20, 10. 7, 18, 13.] ratnā [5, 1, 5. 6, 74, 1.] viprāsaḥ [22, 2. 4, 2, 15.] hotāraḥ [3, 10, 4. 8, 49, 16.] ṛṣayaḥ s. u. d. W. hastāsaḥ [Ṛgveda 4, 58, 3.] Hausthiere [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 9, 32.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 3, 10, 6.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 16.] Wild [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 5, 2, 8.] Pflanzen [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 2, 5, 5.] Sonnenstrahlen [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 7, 107, 1.] Sonnen [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 1, 7, 1.] Thore des Himmels [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 12, 2, 9.] Götterwelten [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 16. 4, 9. 5, 10.] Berge [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 2, 4, 3.] prāṇāḥ [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 5, 3, 11. 7, 5, 2, 9.] stomāḥ [9, 5, 2, 8.] ṛtavaḥ [1, 2, 31. 2, 3, 45.] diśaḥ [Ṛgveda 9, 114, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 5, 2, 8.] hundert und sieben Arten von Kräutern [Ṛgveda 10, 97, 1.] — [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 23, 4. 11.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 19. 36. 63. 105 u.s.w.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 73. 4, 6.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 3. 63.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 60. 2, 25.] [Spr. (II) 2284. 2614. 2729. 6827. 6830. fg. 7520.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 314. 28, 172.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 27, 16.] pātālanikṣiptamūla [Spr. (II) 6829.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 65.] dagegen würden wir [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 64] saptatālān und [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 34] saptamunīn lieber getrennt schreiben. — Vgl. tri, pañca, sāpta, sāpti .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of saptan in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: