Pathya, aka: Pathyā, Pāṭhya; 13 Definition(s)


Pathya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Pathya (पथ्य) refers to food becoming “acceptable to the body” after some kind of process. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Pathya (पथ्य) refers to Āyurvedic dietary regime and physical exercise. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या):—Another name for Harītakī (Terminalia chebula), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pathyā (पथ्या) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica dioica (spiny gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.61-63 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Pathyā and Vandhyākarkoṭakī, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Pāṭhya (पाठ्य) refers to the “recitative” of a dramatic play. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.17-18, when Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda he took pāṭhya (recitative) from the Ṛgveda. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2a) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Pathyā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

2b) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. The Pathyā variation is one amongst five types of āryā-meters.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

The Recitation (pāṭhya) [in a play] is known to be of two kinds Sanskritic and Prakritic.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pathya in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pathya (पथ्य).—A great preceptor in the tradition of ancient Gurus. (See under Guruparamparā).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pathya (पथ्य).—Learnt the Atharva Samhitā from a pupil of Sumantu; Kumuda and others were his disciples.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 1 and 2.

1b) A disciple of Kabandha; he had three disciples; Jājali (Jābāli, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), Kumulādi and Śaunaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 56, 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 9-11.

1c) Of Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 96.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या).—A daughter of Maru and wife of Atharva Angiras; father of 101 sons of whom were Ayāsya, Vāmadeva, Utathya, Uśiti, and Dhṛṣṇi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 103-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 98.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Pathyā (पथ्या) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Āryāprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Pathyā) in 20 verses.

3) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the pathyā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Pathyā also refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa.

4) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa says that if the seventh gaṇa from the beginning consists of laghu and in the second half of āryā, the foot ends with the fifth gaṇa and also the foot ends with first three gaṇa in each half, is known as pathyā.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Pathyā (पथ्या) is one of the two wifes of Kamalagarbha: a Brāhman from Pratiṣṭhāna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Jyotirlekhā, and Dhūmalekhā said to Śrīdarśana: “... long ago there dwelt in Pratiṣṭhāna a Brāhman, of the name of Kamalagarbha, and he had two wives: the name of the one was Pathyā, and the name of the other Abalā. Now in course of time all three, the husband and the wives, were worn out with old age, and at last they entered the fire together, being attached to one another”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pathyā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pathya (पथ्य).—n (S) Diet or regimen. 2 Dietetics. 3 The meal of a person under a regimen. Ex. tumacēṃ pathya jhālēṃ mhaṇajē maga hī mātrā ghyā. pathyācā Fit for; agreeing with; wholesome or healthful unto; dietetic, dietary. pathyāvara paḍaṇēṃ To prove useful, profitable, beneficial.

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pathya (पथ्य).—a (S) Dietetic, dietary. 2 Fit or suitable to, agreeing with, advantageous for. Ex. mātāpitarēṃ putrāsa jēṃ pathya asēla tō upadēśa karitāta; andhāra hā cōrāṃsa pathya Darkness suits thieves.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pathya (पथ्य).—n Diet or regimen. Dietetics. The meal of a person under a regimen. pathyācā Fit for, wholesome or health- ful. pathyāvara paḍaṇēṃ To prove useful, bene- ficial.

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pathya (पथ्य).—a Dietetic, dietary. Fit or suitable to, agreeing with, advantageous for.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—a. [pathi sādhu digā °yat ino lopaḥ]

1) Salutary, wholesome, beneficial, agreeing with (said of a medicine, diet, advice &c.); अप्रियस्य च पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः (apriyasya ca pathyasya vaktā śrotā ca durlabhaḥ) Rām.; पथ्यं चैषां मम चैव ब्रवीहि (pathyaṃ caiṣāṃ mama caiva bravīhi) Mb.3.4.2; Y.3.65; पथ्यमन्नम् (pathyamannam) &c.

2) Fit, proper; suitable (in general).

-thyā A road, way.

-thyam 1 Wholesome diet; as in पथ्याशी स्वामी वर्तते (pathyāśī svāmī vartate).

2) Welfare, well being; उत्तिष्ठमानस्तु परो नोपेक्ष्यः पथ्यमिच्छता (uttiṣṭhamānastu paro nopekṣyaḥ pathyamicchatā) Śi.2.1; Pt.1.234;

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Pāṭhya (पाठ्य).—a.

1) To be recited.

2) To be taught. -m See पठण (paṭhaṇa); पाठ्ये गेये च मधुरम् (pāṭhye geye ca madhuram) (kāvyaṃ rāmāyaṇam) Rām.1.4.8.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—mfn.

(-thyaḥ-thyā-thyaṃ) Proper, fit, suitable, agreeing with, but applied chiefly medically, with respect to diet, regimen, &c. mf.

(-thyaḥthyā) Yellow Myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) n.

(-thyaṃ) Sea salt. E. path to go, yat aff.

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Pāṭhya (पाठ्य).—mfn.

(-ṭhyaḥ-ṭhyā-ṭhyaṃ) To be read or studied. E. paṭh to read, ṇyat aff.; also paṭhanīya, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sthitapāṭhya (स्थितपाठ्य).—recitation in Prākṛta by a woman while standing. Derivable forms: st...
Pathyāpathya (पथ्यापथ्य).—n. (-thyaṃ) The class of things that are considered beneficial or hur...
Āsīnapāṭhya (आसीनपाठ्य).—One of the twelve types of lāsya;—When one sits without making any toi...
1) Pathyāvaktra (पथ्यावक्त्र) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vak...
Hitapathya (हितपथ्य).—a. useful and salutary. Hitapathya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Pariṇāmapathya (परिणामपथ्य) or Parīṇāmapathya (परीणामपथ्य).—a. salutary in the end. Pariṇāmapat...
Śākhā.—(CII 3, 4; IA 18, 19), literally, ‘a branch’; a Vedic school following any particular re...
Kumudā (कुमुदा) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gang...
1) Dhūmaketu (धूमकेतु) is the name of an Asura king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter...
Arya.—(CII 1), same as Vaiśya. Note: arya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as i...
Jābāli (जाबालि).—m. (-liḥ) The name of a Muni, one of the original teachers of the Vedas. E. ja...
Harītakī (हरीतकी) refers to one of the myrobalans, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. According...
Amogha (अमोघ).—mfn. (-ghaḥ-ghā-ghaṃ) Productive, fruitful, not vain or barren. m. (-ghaḥ) The n...
Kumudādi (कुमुदादि).—One of those Vedic scholars, who belonged to the line of Vyāsa’s disciples...
Kāṃsya (कांस्य).—mn. (-syaḥ-syaṃ) A goblet, a drinking vessel. n. (-syaṃ) 1. White copper or br...

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