Pathya, Pathyā, Pāṭhya: 20 definitions

Introduction

Pathya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pathya (पथ्य) refers to food becoming “acceptable to the body” after some kind of process. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Pathya (पथ्य) refers to Ayurvedic dietary regime and physical exercise. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या):—Another name for Harītakī (Terminalia chebula), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Pāṭhyā (पाठ्या) is the name of a commentary (possibly multiple) on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā: one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā consists only of verses. The eight-fold division is observed in the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā too, though not as strictly as in the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha. Numerous commentaries on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā [viz., the Pāṭhyā], many of them unedited so far, can be traced in manuscripts, catalogues, publishers’ lists, etc.

2) Pathya (पथ्य) refers to one who is “wholesome”, as mentioned in verse 4.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] If (a patient) has been debilitated by medicine, strengthening (him) gradually by food such as rice, sixty-day-old rice, wheat, mung-beans, meat, and ghee—(which), in combination with cardiac and stomachic remedies, (is) promotive of appetite and digestion—as well as by inunctions, massages, baths, and purgative and lubricant enemas (is) wholesome [viz., pathya]. Thus he recovers comfort, intensity of all the fires, faultlessness of intellect, colour, and senses, potency, (and) longness of life”.

Note: Pathya (“wholesome”) has been relieved of its office as predicate and degraded to the role of an attribute, its repetition (phan in 29 a and phan-pai in 29d) evidently serving to emphasize the appositional nature of the intervenient words (29bc).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Pathyā (पथ्या) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with Momordica dioica (spiny gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.61-63 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Pathyā and Vandhyākarkoṭakī, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Pathya (पथ्य) refers to “dieting” (diet habits of a person), as explained in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala, a work dealing with the ancient Indian principles of dietetics and culinary art.—The term pathya is derived from the word /pathin/ which literally means a way or channel. Whatsoever that can be made the pathway of a person leading him to a happy and healthy life is his pathya.

Caraka defines pathya as the one which does not digress from the right path and which is pleasing to the mind. He further adds that one should invariably have a foodstuff which is either priya (pleasing) or pathya. Pathya can be signified for all that is beneficial for a patient while apathya as all that is harmful. Aswini Patil in her research article entitled Pathyasankalpana states that pathya not only advocates the intake of beneficial food but also directs to follow certain regimen to hasten the process of recovery from the diseased state. From all these, the word pathya corresponds to the diet, habit and other activities that is practiced by a person (with the approval of a health expert) for a healthy life. Suśruta gives certain directions for heavy fat eating children, which according to him, is pathya for them.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Pathyā (पथ्या) (or Harītakī, Abhayā) (one of the Triphala) refers to the medicinal plant Terminalia chebula Retz., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Pathyā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pathyā (पथ्या) is another name for “Abhayā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pathyā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Pāṭhya (पाठ्य) refers to the “recitative” of a dramatic play. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.17-18, when Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda he took pāṭhya (recitative) from the Ṛgveda. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2a) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. Pathyā falls in the Anuṣṭup (Anuṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eighteen syllables each.

2b) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to a type of āryā syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. The Pathyā variation is one amongst five types of āryā-meters.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

The Recitation (pāṭhya) [in a play] is known to be of two kinds Sanskritic and Prakritic.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pathya (पथ्य).—A great preceptor in the tradition of ancient Gurus. (See under Guruparamparā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pathya (पथ्य).—Learnt the Atharva Samhitā from a pupil of Sumantu; Kumuda and others were his disciples.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 1 and 2.

1b) A disciple of Kabandha; he had three disciples; Jājali (Jābāli, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), Kumulādi and Śaunaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 56, 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 9-11.

1c) Of Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 96.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या).—A daughter of Maru and wife of Atharva Angiras; father of 101 sons of whom were Ayāsya, Vāmadeva, Utathya, Uśiti, and Dhṛṣṇi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 103-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 98.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Pathyā (पथ्या) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Āryāprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Pathyā) in 20 verses.

3) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the pathyā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Pathyā also refers to one of the eighteen viṣama-varṇavṛtta (irregular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 332nd chapter of the Agnipurāṇa.

4) Pathyā (पथ्या) refers to one of the thirty-four mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the Garuḍapurāṇa. The Garuḍapurāṇa says that if the seventh gaṇa from the beginning consists of laghu and in the second half of āryā, the foot ends with the fifth gaṇa and also the foot ends with first three gaṇa in each half, is known as pathyā.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pathyā (पथ्या) is one of the two wifes of Kamalagarbha: a Brāhman from Pratiṣṭhāna, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Jyotirlekhā, and Dhūmalekhā said to Śrīdarśana: “... long ago there dwelt in Pratiṣṭhāna a Brāhman, of the name of Kamalagarbha, and he had two wives: the name of the one was Pathyā, and the name of the other Abalā. Now in course of time all three, the husband and the wives, were worn out with old age, and at last they entered the fire together, being attached to one another”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pathyā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pathya (पथ्य).—n (S) Diet or regimen. 2 Dietetics. 3 The meal of a person under a regimen. Ex. tumacēṃ pathya jhālēṃ mhaṇajē maga hī mātrā ghyā. pathyācā Fit for; agreeing with; wholesome or healthful unto; dietetic, dietary. pathyāvara paḍaṇēṃ To prove useful, profitable, beneficial.

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pathya (पथ्य).—a (S) Dietetic, dietary. 2 Fit or suitable to, agreeing with, advantageous for. Ex. mātāpitarēṃ putrāsa jēṃ pathya asēla tō upadēśa karitāta; andhāra hā cōrāṃsa pathya Darkness suits thieves.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pathya (पथ्य).—n Diet or regimen. Dietetics. The meal of a person under a regimen. pathyācā Fit for, wholesome or health- ful. pathyāvara paḍaṇēṃ To prove useful, bene- ficial.

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pathya (पथ्य).—a Dietetic, dietary. Fit or suitable to, agreeing with, advantageous for.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—a. [pathi sādhu digā °yat ino lopaḥ]

1) Salutary, wholesome, beneficial, agreeing with (said of a medicine, diet, advice &c.); अप्रियस्य च पथ्यस्य वक्ता श्रोता च दुर्लभः (apriyasya ca pathyasya vaktā śrotā ca durlabhaḥ) Rām.; पथ्यं चैषां मम चैव ब्रवीहि (pathyaṃ caiṣāṃ mama caiva bravīhi) Mb.3.4.2; Y.3.65; पथ्यमन्नम् (pathyamannam) &c.

2) Fit, proper; suitable (in general).

-thyā A road, way.

-thyam 1 Wholesome diet; as in पथ्याशी स्वामी वर्तते (pathyāśī svāmī vartate).

2) Welfare, well being; उत्तिष्ठमानस्तु परो नोपेक्ष्यः पथ्यमिच्छता (uttiṣṭhamānastu paro nopekṣyaḥ pathyamicchatā) Śi.2.1; Pt.1.234;

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Pāṭhya (पाठ्य).—a.

1) To be recited.

2) To be taught. -m See पठण (paṭhaṇa); पाठ्ये गेये च मधुरम् (pāṭhye geye ca madhuram) (kāvyaṃ rāmāyaṇam) Rām.1.4.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—mfn.

(-thyaḥ-thyā-thyaṃ) Proper, fit, suitable, agreeing with, but applied chiefly medically, with respect to diet, regimen, &c. mf.

(-thyaḥthyā) Yellow Myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) n.

(-thyaṃ) Sea salt. E. path to go, yat aff.

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Pāṭhya (पाठ्य).—mfn.

(-ṭhyaḥ-ṭhyā-ṭhyaṃ) To be read or studied. E. paṭh to read, ṇyat aff.; also paṭhanīya, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—i. e. patha + ya, I. adj., f. , Furthering, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 448. Fit, suitable, salutary, [Pañcatantra] 69, 17. Ii. f. , Yellow myrobalan, Terminalia chebula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pathya (पथ्य).—[adjective] customary, normal, regular, suitable, fit, proper. [neuter] fortune, good lock; hail to ([genetive] or [dative])! —[feminine] pathyā path, way; [with] revatī & svasti the rich path (personif. as the goddess of fortune).

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Pāṭhya (पाठ्य).—[adjective] to be recited.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pathya (पथ्य):—[from path] mfn. ‘belonging to the way’, suitable, fit, proper, wholesome, salutary ([literally] and [figuratively]; [especially] said of diet in a medical sense), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] containing elements or leading forms, regular, normal, [Lāṭyāyana; Mādhava-nidāna]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Terminalia Chebula or Citrina, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher of [Atharva-veda]

5) Pathyā (पथ्या):—[from pathya > path] f. a path, way, road (with revatī, ‘the auspicious path’, personified as a deity of happiness and welfare), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Chebula or Citrina and other plants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce metres, [Mādhava-nidāna; Colebrooke]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) Pathya (पथ्य):—[from path] n. a species of salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Pāṭhya (पाठ्य):—[from pāṭha] mfn. to be recited, [Rāmāyaṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] to be taught, needing instruction, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) Pāthya (पाथ्य):—[from pātha] mfn. ([probably]) being in the air, heavenly, [Ṛg-veda vi, 16, 15] (Name of a Ṛṣi, [Sāyaṇa])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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