Pathin, Pāṭhin: 12 definitions


Pathin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Pathin (पथिन्) refers to the “pathways” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Snakes dwelling in rivers, moving crookedly like rivers, stay obstructing the pathways (pathin). Hence, living in forest is a great misery’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pāṭhin (पाठिन्) refers to “one who is learned”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] He who loves prosperity ought not to live in a country devoid of a Jyotiṣaka. He (the Jyotiṣaka) forms as it were the eye of the land and where he dwells, sins exist not. A learned Jyotiṣaka [i.e., pāṭhin] not only escapes hell but (after death) goes to the Brahma-loka and obtains salvation”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṭhin.—(EI3 1), epithet or family name of Brāhmaṇas. Note: pāṭhin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pathin (पथिन्).—m. [path-ādhāre ini] (Nom. panthāḥ, panthānau, panthānaḥ; acc. pl. pathaḥ; instr. pl. pathibhiḥ &c.; the word is changed to patha at the end of comp.; toyādhārapathaḥ, dṛṣṭipathaḥ, naṣṭapathaḥ, satpathaḥ, pratipatham &c.)

1) A road, way, path; श्रेयसामेष पन्थाः (śreyasāmeṣa panthāḥ) Bh.2.26; वक्रः पन्थाः (vakraḥ panthāḥ) Me.27.

2) Journey, way-faring, as in शिवास्ते सन्तु पन्थानः (śivāste santu panthānaḥ) '(I wish) a happy journey to you ! God speed you on your journey !'

3) Range, reach; as in कर्णपथ, श्रुति°, दर्शन° (karṇapatha, śruti°, darśana°).

4) Manner of action, line of conduct, course of behaviour; पथः शुचेर्दर्शयितार ईश्वरा मलीमसामाददते न पद्धतिम् (pathaḥ śucerdarśayitāra īśvarā malīmasāmādadate na paddhatim) R.3.46; न्याय्यात् पथः प्रविचलन्ति पदं न धीराः (nyāyyāt pathaḥ pravicalanti padaṃ na dhīrāḥ) Bh.2.83.

5) A sect, doctrine.

6) A division of hell; Ms.4.9.

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Pāṭhin (पाठिन्).—a. [paṭh-ṇini]

1) One who has read or studied any subject.

2) Knowing or familiar with. -m. A Brāhmaṇa who has finished his studies.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pathin (पथिन्).—m. (panthā) 1. A road, a way. 2. Sect, doctrine, path in morals or religion. 3. A division of hell. 4. A journey. 5. Course of manner or action. E. path to go, in Unadi aff.; the noun is irregularly inflected.

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Pāṭhin (पाठिन्).—m. (-ṭhī) 1. A plant. (Plumbago zeylanica.) 2. A Brahman, especially one who has finished his sacred studies. E. pāṭha perusal, and ini aff.; the virtues of the plant are to be read of in medical works.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pathin (पथिन्).—for panthan (cf. paripanthin), which is the base of some cases, the bases of some others is path, the nom. and voc. sing. panthās, m. 1. A road, a way, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 28. 2. The name of a hell, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 90.

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Pāṭhin (पाठिन्).—i. e. pāṭha + in, adj. 1. Having studied, Mahābhārata 5, 1668. 2. Conversant with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṭhin (पाठिन्).—[adjective] well-read in (—°); [masculine] student, scholar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pathin (पथिन्):—[from path] m. (strong stem panthan, older panthā; middle pathi; weak path; sg. panthās ([nominative case] [vocative case]), panthānam [panthām, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]]; pathā, the, thas, thi; [dual number] panthānau, pathibhyām, pathos; [plural] panthānas [panthās, thāsas, [Ṛg-veda]; pathayas, [Brāhmaṇa]]; pathas [pāthas, [Ṛg-veda ii, 2, 4], perhaps [genitive case] sg.?]; pathibhis, bhyas; pathām [thīnām, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]]; pathiṣu; cf. [Pāṇini 7-1, 85 etc.]) a way, path, road, course ([literally] and [figuratively]; panthānaṃ-√dā, with [genitive case] to cede the way to; pathānena, ‘in this w° or manner’, pathi ni-√as See under ny-as), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] range, reach (cf. karṇa-, darśanaetc.)

3) [v.s. ...] sect, doctrine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a division of hell, [Manu-smṛti iv, 90]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher with the [patronymic] Saubhara, [Bṛhad-āraṇyaka-upaniṣad]

6) [v.s. ...] cf. patha; [Zend] panthan; [Greek] πάτος; [Latin] pont-em; Old [Prussian] pintis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] patĭ

7) Pāṭhin (पाठिन्):—[from pāṭha] mfn. one who has read or studied any subject

8) [v.s. ...] knowing, conversant with (ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a student

10) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman ([especially] one who has finished his sacred studies), [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] Plumbago Zeylanica (also pāṭhī-kuṭa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pathin (पथिन्):—(nthā) 5. m. A road; sect; hell.

2) Pāṭhin (पाठिन्):—(ṭhī) 5. m. A plant (Plumbago zeylanica); a brāhman who has finished his sacred studies.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pathin (पथिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃtha, Paha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pathin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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